Pheidole valens

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Pheidole valens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. valens
Binomial name
Pheidole valens
Wilson, 2003

The type colony was found in a soil nest whose entrance hole was surrounded by pebbles, in a cerrado-like secondary thicket. (Wilson 2003)

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Only known from the type locality.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • valens. Pheidole valens Wilson, 2003: 359, figs. (s.w.) BRAZIL.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

A member of the fallax group with similarities to Pheidole fallax, Pheidole jelskii, Pheidole obscurithorax, Pheidole puttemansi and Pheidole roushae, distinguished as follows.

Major: head quadrate; almost all of anterior two-thirds of dorsal surface of head (except frontal triangle, antennal fossae, and clypeus) rugoreticulate, and posterior third foveolate; anterior half of pronotal dorsum rugoreticulate; antennal scape near base slightly broader than near tip; pronotum weakly bilobous in dorsal-oblique view; metanotum convex in side view; petiole thick in side view, but the apex of its node tapering almost to a point; median strip of entire first gastral tergite shagreened and opaque.

Minor: all of head, mesosoma, and waist foveolate and opaque; anterior half of median strip shagreened.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.70, HL 1.80, SL 1.02, EL 0.26, PW 0.92. Paratype minor: HW 0.66, HL 0.84, SL 1.04, EL 0.18, PW 0.54.

COLOR Major: head, mesosoma, and petiole medium reddish brown; postpetiole and gaster dark reddish brown.

Minor: body medium reddish brown except for gaster, which is dark reddish brown; appendages light reddish brown.


Pheidole valens Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

BRAZIL: Mpio. Livramento, Mato Grosso, James C. Trager. Museum of Comparative Zoology

Etymology

L valens, strong, vigorous.

References