Pheidole rufipilis

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Pheidole rufipilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. rufipilis
Binomial name
Pheidole rufipilis
Forel, 1908

Pheidole rufipilis casent0908118 p 1 high.jpg

Pheidole rufipilis casent0908118 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


Nothing is known about the biology of rufipilis.


See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species


São Paulo and (“pubiventris st. impia”) Minas Gerais, Brazil. (Wilson 2003)

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -14.81° to -30.0333°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb







The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • divexa. Pheidole rufipilis var. divexa Forel, 1908c: 372 (s.w.m.) BRAZIL. Junior synonym of rufipilis: Wilson, 2003: 226.
  • rufipilis. Pheidole rufipilis Forel, 1908c: 371 (s.w.) BRAZIL. Senior synonym of divexa, impia: Wilson, 2003: 226.
  • impia. Pheidole pubiventris st. impia Santschi, 1923d: 46 (s.) BRAZIL. Junior synonym of rufipilis: Wilson, 2003: 226.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


From Wilson (2003): Similar to Pheidole coffeicola, Pheidole laevifrons, Pheidole pubiventris and Pheidole variegata (= Pheidole pubiventris), but especially to Pheidole laevinota, a partially sympatric species from which it differs as follows.

Major: patch of rugoreticulum located near middle of outer margin of antennal fossa; at most, sparse carinulae occur along anterior margin of pronotum; entire dorsal surface of promesonotum foveolate and opaque; upper half of propodeal side foveolate but not carinulate; postpetiole trapezoidal from above, with angulate sides; humerus in dorsal-oblique view rounded.

Minor: humerus in dorsal-oblique view rounded; entire promesonotum foveolate.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Lectotype major: HW 1.12, HL 1.14, SL 0.80, EL 0.22, PW 0.58. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.64, HL 0.70, SL 0.70, EL 0.18, PW 0.40.

COLOR Major: not recorded.

Minor: body concolorous brown, appendages a slightly contrasting yellowish brown; hair pale yellow.

Pheidole rufipilis Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Lectotype Specimen Labels

Type Material

BRAZIL: Ipiranga, São Paulo. Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève - as reported in Wilson (2003)


L Gr rufipilis, red hair. (Wilson 2003)


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Forel A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 58: 340-418.
  • Forel A. 1912. Formicides néotropiques. Part III. 3me sous-famille Myrmicinae (suite). Genres Cremastogaster et Pheidole. Mémoires de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. 19: 211-237.
  • Forel A. 1913. Fourmis d'Argentine, du Brésil, du Guatémala & de Cuba reçues de M. M. Bruch, Prof. v. Ihering, Mlle Baez, M. Peper et M. Rovereto. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles. 49: 203-250.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Kusnezov N. 1978. Hormigas argentinas: clave para su identificación. Miscelánea. Instituto Miguel Lillo 61:1-147 + 28 pl.
  • Luederwaldt H. 1918. Notas myrmecologicas. Rev. Mus. Paul. 10: 29-64.
  • Neves F. S., R. F. Braga, M. M. do Espirito-Santo, J. H. C. Delabie, G. Wilson Fernandes, and G. A. Sanchez-Azofeifa. 2010. Diversity of Arboreal Ants In a Brazilian Tropical Dry Forest: Effects Of Seasonality and Successional Stage. Sociobiology 56(1): 1-18.
  • Rosa da Silva R. 1999. Formigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) do oeste de Santa Catarina: historico das coletas e lista atualizada das especies do Estado de Santa Catarina. Biotemas 12(2): 75-100.
  • Santschi F. 1923. Pheidole et quelques autres fourmis néotropiques. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 63: 45-69.
  • Ulyssea M. A., and C. R. F. Brandao. 2013. Ant species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from the seasonally dry tropical forest of northeastern Brazil: a compilation from field surveys in Bahia and literature records. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 57(2): 217–224.
  • Ulyssea M.A., C. E. Cereto, F. B. Rosumek, R. R. Silva, and B. C. Lopes. 2011. Updated list of ant species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) recorded in Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil, with a discussion of research advances and priorities. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 55(4): 603-–611.
  • Ulysséa M. A., C. R. F. Brandão. 2013. Ant species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from the seasonally dry tropical forest of northeastern Brazil: a compilation from field surveys in Bahia and literature records. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 57(2): 217-224.