Pheidole rectisentis

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Pheidole rectisentis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. rectisentis
Binomial name
Pheidole rectisentis
Wilson, 2003

This species is only known from type specimens. The type colony was found in forest, nesting in a rotting twig in leaf litter in a tree crotch about one meter from the ground. (Wilson 2003)


See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species


Only known from the type locality.

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 15.721° to 13.1068996°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.


Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.





The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • rectisentis. Pheidole rectisentis Wilson, 2003: 494, figs. (s.w.) NICARAGUA.


DIAGNOSIS Similar to Pheidole bilimeki, Pheidole floridana, Pheidole hazenae, Pheidole rectiluma, Pheidole rectispina, Pheidole rectitrudis, Pheidole sospes and Pheidole stomachosa, differing as follows.

Major: mostly blackish brown, with bicolored head; from margins of dorsal head surface to space between eyes and antennal fossae rugoreticulate, as well as lateral margins of frontal lobes; all of central third of head, including much of the vertex and occiput, solely foveolate; all of head and mesosoma overall foveolate; in dorsal-oblique view humerus subangulate; propodeal spines robust and nearly vertical to propodeal basal face in side view; postpetiole from above conulate.

Minor: eyes set well forward on head; propodeal spines robust, nearly vertical to propodeal basal face; almost all of head and all of mesosoma foveolate and opaque.

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.90, HL 0.98, SL 0.50, EL 0.12, PW 0.48. Paratype minor: HW 0.50, HL 0.58, SL 0.46, EL 0.06, PW 0.34.

COLOR Major: head bicolored, with surface anterior to eye level medium reddish brown and rest blackish brown; also sides of pronotum and petiole medium reddish brown; and rest of body blackish brown; appendages light reddish brown.

Minor: body blackish brown, appendages brownish yellow.

Pheidole rectisentis Wilson 2003.jpg

Figure. Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Type Material

NICARAGUA: Hotel Selva Negra, 139 km north of Matagalpa, 1200 m, col. Charles Kugler and J. Hahn. Museum of Comparative Zoology


L rectisentis, upright thorn, alluding to the strong, erect propodeal spines.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Dattilo W. et al. 2019. MEXICO ANTS: incidence and abundance along the Nearctic-Neotropical interface. Ecology
  • Longino J. T. L., and M. G. Branstetter. 2018. The truncated bell: an enigmatic but pervasive elevational diversity pattern in Middle American ants. Ecography 41: 1-12.
  • Wilson, E.O. 2003. Pheidole in the New World: A Dominant, Hyperdiverse Genus. Harvard University Press