Palaeomyrmex

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Palaeomyrmex
Temporal range: Santonian, Late Cretaceous
Yantardakh, Siberia, Russia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Sphecomyrminae
Tribe: Sphecomyrmini
Genus: Palaeomyrmex
Dlussky, 1975
Type species
Palaeomyrmex zherichini, now Dlusskyidris zherichini

This taxon is a junior homonym and has been replaced by Dlusskyidris.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • PALAEOMYRMEX [Homoptera]
    • Palaeomyrmex Heer, 1865: 91. Type-species: †Palaeomyrmex prodromus, by monotypy.
    • Palaeomyrmex excluded from Formicidae, transferred to Homoptera: Handlirsch, 1906: 507.
  • PALAEOMYRMEX [junior homonym, see †Dlusskyidris]
    • Palaeomyrmex Dlussky, 1975: 118. Type-species: †Palaeomyrmex zherichini, by original designation. [Junior homonym of †Palaeomyrmex Heer, 1865: 91 (Homoptera).]
    • Palaeomyrmex Dlussky junior synonym of †Sphecomyrma: Wilson, 1987: 49; Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 9.
    • Palaeomyrmex Dlussky revived status as genus: Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 77; Carpenter, 1992: 493.
    • Dlusskyidris Bolton, 1994: 187, replacement name for †Palaeomyrmex Dlussky.

References

  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 187, Dlusskyidris as replacement name for Palaeomyrmex Dlussky )
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 261, Palaeomyrmex Dlussky as genus)
  • Carpenter, F. M. 1992. Treatise on invertebrate paleontology. Part R. Arthropoda 4. Volume 4. Superclass Hexapoda. Boulder: Geological Society of America, pp. i-ii, 279-655. (page 493, Palaeomyrmex Dlussky as genus)
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1975a. Superfamily Formicoidea Latreille, 1802. Family Formicidae Latreille, 1802. Pp. 114-122 in: Rasnitsyn, A. P. (ed.) Hymenoptera Apocrita of Mesozoic. Tr. Paleontol. Inst. Akad. Nauk USSR 147:1-134. (page 118, Palaeomyrmex Dlussky, 1975, junior homonym of Paleomyrmex Heer, 1865: 91 (Homoptera))
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1975a. Superfamily Formicoidea Latreille, 1802. Family Formicidae Latreille, 1802. Pp. 114-122 in: Rasnitsyn, A. P. (ed.) Hymenoptera Apocrita of Mesozoic. Tr. Paleontol. Inst. Akad. Nauk USSR 147:1-134. (page 118, Palaeomyrmex in Sphecomyrminae)
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1983. A new family of Upper Cretaceous Hymenoptera: an "intermediate link" between the ants and the scolioids. Paleontol. Zh. 1983(3 3: 65-78 (page 66, Palaeomyrmex in Sphecomyrminae)
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1987. New Formicoidea (Hymenoptera) of the Upper Cretaceous. Paleontol. Zh. 1987(1 1: 131-135 (page 132, Palaeomyrmex in Sphecomyrmidae)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. (page 77, Palaeomyrmex in Sphecomyrmidae)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. (page 77, Palaeomyrmex Dlussky as genus)
  • Grimaldi, D.; Agosti, D.; Carpenter, J. M. 1997. New and rediscovered primitive ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Cretaceous amber from New Jersey, and their phylogenetic relationships. Am. Mus. Novit. 3208: 1-43 (page 9, review of genus)
  • Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. (page 9, Palaeomyrmex Dlussky as junior synonym of Sphecomyrma)
  • Wilson, E. O. 1987b. The earliest known ants: an analysis of the Cretaceous species and an inference concerning their social organization. Paleobiol. 13: 44-53 (page 49, Palaeomyrmex Dlussky as junior synonym of Sphecomyrma)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 264, Palaeomyrmex excluded from Formicidae)
  • Handlirsch, A. 1906. Die fossilen Insekten und die Phylogenie der rezenten Formen. Ein Handbuch für Paläontologen und Zoologen. Lieferung 4. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, pp. 481-640. (page 507, Palaeomyrmex in Homoptera)
  • Heer, O. 1864. Die Urwelt der Schweiz. [Lieferungen 7-11.]. Zürich: Friedrich Schulthess, pp. 289-496. (page 91, Palaeomyrmex as genus; incertae sedis in Formicidae)