Odontoponera transversa

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Odontoponera transversa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Odontoponera
Species: O. transversa
Binomial name
Odontoponera transversa
(Smith, F., 1857)

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Odontoponera-D1.6x.jpg


Subspecies
Synonyms

Odontoponera transversa prefers fairly intact forests. This contrasts with Odontoponera denticulata, a similar species with an overlapping range. This species lives in disturbed areas, often where there is bare ground. In Lambir Hills National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, these two ants never coexist in one place. Odontoponera transversa occurs in primary forest and O. transversa inhabits the grounds of the park headquarters. In Bogor Botanical Gardens, West Java, where both species are very common (Ito et al., 2001), their habitat preference are different but less distinct. Odontoponera transversa is typically found in wetter and darker places while O. denticulata is collected around buildings. (Yamane, 2009)

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia (type locality), Singapore (type locality).
Oriental Region: India, Myanmar (type locality), Thailand, Vietnam.
Palaearctic Region: China.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • transversa. Ponera transversa Smith, F. 1857a: 68 (w.) SINGAPORE. Bingham, 1903: 73 (q.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1952c: 606 (l); Imai, Baroni Urbani, et al. 1984: 5 (k.). Combination in Odontoponera: Emery, 1893g: 262. Senior synonym of reticulata: Donisthorpe, 1932c: 474; of transversa: Yamane, 2009: 3. See also: Yamane, 2009: 4. Current subspecies: nominal plus biconcentrica, infuscata.
  • nitens. Odontoponera transversa subsp. nitens Creighton, 1929: 154 (w.) BORNEO. Junior synonym of transversa: Yamane, 2009: 3.
  • reticulata. Ponera reticulata Smith, F. 1858b: 85 (m.) MYANMAR. Junior synonym of transversa: Donisthorpe, 1932c: 474.

Type Material

  • Ponera transversa: Syntype, 4 workers, Singapore, Alfred Wallace, The Natural History Museum.
  • Odontoponera transversa nitens: Syntype, "a series of workers", Sabah, Malaysia, E. Mjoberg.
  • Ponera reticulata: Holotype, male, Myanmar, Mrs Waring, The Natural History Museum.

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Ponera reticulata

Holotype male in The Natural History Museum. Labelled “Birmah. 57/16.” Acc. Reg.: “1857 no. 16. Birmah. Purchased from Stevens. Collected by Mrs Waring.” Also with a Donisthorpe det. label dated 30.vii.1932, “Odontoponera transversa Smith, male.”

Ponera transversa

Four worker syntypes in The Natural History Museum. Labelled “SINC. 55/9.” Acc. Reg.: “1855 no. 9. Singapore (Malacca). Purchased of Stevens. Collected by Mr Alfred Wallace.” Two of the specimens also bear Farren White labels and old yellow “cotype” labels, and one has the det. “P. transversa Smith.” These four specimens are equipped with the The Natural History Museum blue syntype label.

A worker in Oxford University Museum of Natural History, labelled “Sing. 5,” has been indicated as type by Donisthorpe. This does not appear to belong to the same series as the The Natural History Museum specimens and is provisionally excluded from the syntype series.

Description

Karyotype

  • 2n = 46, karyotype = 14M+32A (India) (Imai et al., 1984) (the karyotype has been published only for the Indian poplations).
  • 2n = 42 (Indonesia) (Imai et al., 1985).

References

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  • Donisthorpe, H. 1932c. On the identity of Smith's types of Formicidae (Hymenoptera) collected by Alfred Russell Wallace in the Malay Archipelago, with descriptions of two new species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 10(10): 441-476 (page 474, Senior synonym of reticulata)
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  • Smith, F. 1857a. Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects collected at Sarawak, Borneo; Mount Ophir, Malacca; and at Singapore, by A. R. Wallace. [part]. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 2: 42-88 (page 68, worker described)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1952c. The ant larvae of the subfamily Ponerinae - Part II. Am. Midl. Nat. 48: 604-672 (page 606, larva described)
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