Myrmica stangeana

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Myrmica stangeana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Myrmicini
Genus: Myrmica
Species: M. stangeana
Binomial name
Myrmica stangeana
Ruzsky, 1902

Myrmica stangeana P casent0280822.jpg

Myrmica stangeana D casent0280822.jpg

Specimen Label


Although M. stangeana is a widely distributed species, its poor representation in collections suggests that it is quite rare throughout its range. Consequently not much is known about its ecology. Despite M. stangeana appearing to be a species of the Steppe Zone, it inhabits only intrazonal, wet, usually halophytous habitats. Nests are built in soil, sometimes with small mounds, but very often without any visible constructions. Colonies are quite small, up to several hundred of workers, mono- or oligogynous. (Radchenko and Elmes 2010)


Radchenko and Elmes (2010) – A member of the specioides complex of the scabrinodis species group (Radchenko and Elmes 2004). It is characterized by a combination of features that distinguish it from Myrmica specioides: the antennal scape at its base only has a narrow horizontal ridge or at most a very small carina; the propodeal spines are rather short, thin and not widened at the base; the alitrunk with relatively coarse, regular, almost straight longitudinal rugae; the body a rather dark, brownish-red. Additionally, the males of M. stangeana have a very short scape (SI1 < 0.33).

Keys including this Species


Steppes from the lower reaches of the Dnepr to the eastern Kazakhstan, to the north - until Samara Province of Russia.

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 48.016667° to 41.26666667°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Armenia, China, Czech Republic, Georgia, Kazakhstan (type locality), Kyrgyzstan, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Ukraine.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • stangeana. Myrmica stangeana Ruzsky, 1902a: 234 (w.) RUSSIA, KAZAKHSTAN. Seifert, 1988b: 23 (q.m.). [Also described as new by Ruzsky, 1902b: 474.] Subspecies of bergi: Ruzsky, 1903b: 314; Ruzsky, 1905b: 678; of scabrinodis: Emery, 1908a: 178. Revived status as species: Arnol'di, 1970b: 1841; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 533. Senior synonym of medvedevi: Seifert, 1988b: 23; Radchenko, 1994e: 78; of lacustris: Radchenko & Elmes, 2009c: 509. See also: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 291.
  • lacustris. Myrmica scabrinodis var. lacustris Ruzsky, 1905b: 686 (w.) RUSSIA, KAZAKHSTAN.
    • Raised to species: Radchenko, 1994a: 44; Radchenko, 1994c: 140 (in key).
    • Material of the unavailable name grandis and of the nomen nudum lulakeranica referred here by Radchenko, 1994f: 77.
    • Junior synonym of stangeana: Radchenko & Elmes, 2009: 509; Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 291.
    • See also: Seifert, 2003b: 150; Radchenko, Elmes & Alicata, 2006: 516.
  • medvedevi. Myrmica stangeana subsp. medvedevi Arnol'di, 1970b: 1841 (w.) UKRAINE. Junior synonym of stangeana: Seifert, 1988b: 23.

Taxonomic Notes

See Radchenko & Elmes (2009) for notes on type specimens.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Radchenko and Elmes (2010) - named for the collector, the Russian naturalist G. V. Stange (Shtange), who provided material for M. D. Ruzsky from different places in European Russia and West Siberia.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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  • Chen Z. L., S. Y. Zhou, and J. H. Huang. 2016. Seven species new to science and one newly recorded species of the ant genus Myrmica Latreille, 1804 from China, with proposal of a new synonym (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). ZooKeys 551: 85–128.
  • Czekes Z., Radchenko, A. G., Csősz, S. Szász-Len, A., Tăuşan, I., Benedek, K., and Markó, B. 2013. The genus Myrmica Latreille, 1804 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Romania: distribution of species and key for their identification. Entomologica Romanica 17: 29-50.
  • Dubovikoff D. A., and Z. M. Yusupov. 2018. Family Formicidae - Ants. In Belokobylskij S. A. and A. S. Lelej: Annotated catalogue of the Hymenoptera of Russia. Proceedingss of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences 6: 197-210.
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  • Karavaiev V. 1927. Übersicht der Ameisenfauna der Krim nebst einigen Neubeschreibungen. Konowia 5: 281-303.
  • Radchenko A. G., and G. W. Elmes. 2009. Important alterations in the taxonomy of the ant genus Myrmica (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), based on the investigation of the M. Ruzsky’s type specimens, preserved in the Museo Civico di Storia Naturale “Giacomo Doria” in Genoa. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale “Giacomo Doria” 100: 501-525.
  • Radchenko A. G., and G. W. Elmes. 2010. Myrmica ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3. Warsaw: Natura Optima Dux Foundation, 790 pp.
  • Radchenko A.G., G. W. Elmes, and A. Alicata. 2006. Taxonomic revision of the schencki-group of the ant genus Myrmica from the Palaearctic region. Annales Zoologici (Warszawa) 56: 499-538.
  • Reznikova Z. I. 2003. Distribution patterns of ants in different natural zones and landscapes in Kazakhstan and West Siberia along a meridian trend. Euroasian Entomological Journal 2(4): 235-342.
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  • Seifert B. 1988. A taxonomic revision of the Myrmica species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caucasia (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Görlitz 62(3): 1-75. 
  • Seifert B. 2003. The Palaearctic members of the Myrmica schencki group with description of a new species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Beiträge zur Entomologie 53: 141-159.
  • Seifert, B. "The Paleartic members of the Myrmica schenki group with description of a new species." Beitr. Entomol. 53 (1) (2003): 141-159.
  • Soudek S. 1923. Myrmica moravica n. sp., relikt fauny praeglaciální. Cas. Morav. Zemského Mus. Brne 20- 21: 107-134.
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  • Weber N. A. 1950. A revision of the North American ants of the genus Myrmica Latreille with a synopsis of the Palearctic species. III. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 43: 189-226.
  • Xia Yongjuan, and Zheng Zhemin. 1997. A survey of Formicidae form Xinjiang. Journal of Shaanxi Normal University 25(2): 64-66.
  • Zryanin V. A., and T. A. Zryanina. 2007. New data on the ant fauna Hymenoptera, Formicidae in the middle Volga River Basin. Uspekhi Sovremennoi Biologii 127(2): 226-240.