Messor ebeninus

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Messor ebeninus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Messor
Species: M. ebeninus
Binomial name
Messor ebeninus
Santschi, 1927

Messor ebeninus casent0249822 p 1 high.jpg

Messor ebeninus casent0249822 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

At Rawdhat Khorim, Saudi Arabia, worker activity has two peaks of abundance, in April and December, decreasing from July through October (Sharaf et al., 2013). Pashaei Rad et al. (2018) found this species in Iran on parkland ground in a moderate rainfall area.


Collingwood and Agosti (1996) - HW 2.0-2.5; EL/HW 0.19-0.23. This evenly black species has a rather variable pilosity with 1-5 hairs at each side on the occiput, 1-2 pairs on the propodeum, one pair each on the petiole and postpetiole and there are a few occasional hairs on the first gastral tergite.


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.
Palaearctic Region: Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Kuwait, Lebanon (type locality), Montenegro, Oman, Turkey.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb This species is known to occur in the Middle East (Abdul-Rassoul et al. 2013) and is widely distributed throughout the Arabian Peninsula (Collingwood, 1985, Collingwood and Agosti, 1996) (Sharaf et al., 2013).





The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • ebeninus. Messor semirufus var. ebeninus Santschi, 1927c: 229 (w.) LEBANON. [First available use of Messor barbarus subsp. semirufus var. ebenina Forel, 1910a: 10; unavailable name.] Finzi, 1936: 160 (q.). Raised to species: Tohmé, G. 1971: 569. Junior synonym of semirufus: Baroni Urbani, 1974: 227. Revived from synonymy: Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. 1981: 142; Collingwood, 1985: 249. See also: Tohmé, G. 1975: 171.

Type Material

Salata & Borowiec (2019): syntype (w.): Messor | barbarus L. | subsp. semirufus Andr. | v. ebenina | type | Forel || Typus || Djebel Kasioun | Antiliban (Kerville) || Coll. | A. Forel || ANTWEB | CASENT0907734 (MHNG).