Mesoponera rubra

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Mesoponera rubra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Mesoponera
Species: M. rubra
Binomial name
Mesoponera rubra
(Smith, F., 1857)

Mesoponera rubra side (MCZC, HI 82-16).jpg

Mesoponera rubra top (MCZC, HI 82-16).jpg

Specimen Labels



Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia.
Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Guinea, Singapore (type locality).
Oriental Region: Thailand.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • rubra. Ponera rubra Smith, F. 1857a: 66 (q.) SINGAPORE. Imai, Brown, et al. 1984: 67 (k.); Tjan, Imai, et al. 1986: 57 (k.). Combination in Euponera (Mesoponera): Emery, 1901a: 46; in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 309; in Mesoponera: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 111. Current subspecies: nominal plus minirubra.

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Ponera rubra

Holotype dealate queen in Oxford University Museum of Natural History. Labelled “SING. 7” and with a Donisthorpe type-label.



  • n = 10, 2n = 20 (Indonesia) (Imai et al., 1985) (as Pachycondyla rubra).
  • 2n = 38 (Malaysia) (Imai et al., 1983) (as Pachycondyla rubra).
  • 2n = 40 (Malaysia) (Imai et al., 1983) (as Pachycondyla rubra).
  • 2n = 20 (Sarawak) (Tjan et al., 1986) (as Pachycondyla rubra).


  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1995a. [Untitled. Taxonomic changes in Pachycondyla attributed to Brown.] Pp. 302-311 in: Bolton, B. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 309, combination in Pachycondyla)
  • Emery, C. 1901b. Notes sur les sous-familles des Dorylines et Ponérines (Famille des Formicides). Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 45: 32-54 (page 46, Combination in Euponera (Mesoponera))
  • Imai, H. T.; Brown, W. L., Jr.; Kubota, M.; Yong, H.-S.; Tho, Y. P. 1984. Chromosome observations on tropical ants from western Malaysia. II. Annu. Rep. Natl. Inst. Genet. Jpn. 34: 66-69 (page 67, karyotype described)
  • Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, S.O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa 3817, 1–242 (doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1).
  • Smith, F. 1857a. Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects collected at Sarawak, Borneo; Mount Ophir, Malacca; and at Singapore, by A. R. Wallace. [part]. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 2: 42-88 (page 66, queen described)
  • Tjan, K. N.; Imai, H. T.; Kubota, M.; Brown, W. L., Jr.; Gotwald, W. H., Jr.; Yong, H.-S.; Leh, C. 1986. Chromosome observations of Sarawak ants. Annu. Rep. Natl. Inst. Genet. Jpn. 36: 57 (page 57, karyotype described)