Bolton & Fisher, 2011
Only known from a few collections, nothing is known about the biology of Hypoponera tristis.
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
- 7 References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
Keys including this Species
Known from Rwanda and Uganda.
Latitudinal Distribution Pattern
Latitudinal Range: 1.28° to -12.427°.
- Source: AntMaps
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.
Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.
Hypoponera inhabit and nest in leaf litter, the surface layer of soil, downed rotten wood, and soil around plant roots. Nests are typically found by turning objects on the ground, like downed wood and rocks, or through the ripping away of bark found on rotting downed wood or at the base of dead trees. Litter samples in tropical areas, especially in moist forested sites, often contain individuals of this genus. All Hypoponera are thought to be predators of small arthropods but published details about their diet are sparse. A lack of information about other aspects of their biology is also typical for most species.
The genus is most diverse in the tropics. Species found in higher latitudes tend to be more widespread, common and abundant than their tropical and subtropical congeners.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- tristis. Hypoponera tristis Bolton & Fisher, 2011: 110, figs. 124-126 (w.) RWANDA.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
(holotype in parentheses). Measurements: HL 0.67–0.79 (0.79), HW 0.54–0.60 (0.59), HS 0.615–0.695 (0.690), SL 0.46–0.56 (0.55), PrW 0.42–0.46 (0.46), WL 0.95–1.08 (1.03), HFL 0.48–0.58 (0.58), PeNL 0.21–0.24 (0.22), PeH 0.44–0.49 (0.48), PeNW 0.34–0.38 (0.36), PeS 0.340–0.367 (0.353) (10 measured). Indices: CI 75–80 (75), SI 88–93 (93), PeNI 77–85 (78), LPeI 46–50 (46), DPeI 152–170 (164).
Answers the description of Hypoponera segnis in all respects except for relative size of petiole. In segnis the petiole node is absolutely and relatively shorter in profile, PeNL 0.17–0.20 and LPeI 35–43, and is distinctly broader in dorsal view, with DPeI 180–211.
Holotype worker (top specimen of three on pin), Rwanda: Kayove, 2100 m., 15.v.1973 (P. Werner) (Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève).
- Bolton, B. & Fisher, B.L. 2011. Taxonomy of Afrotropical and West Palaearctic ants of the ponerine genus Hypoponera Santschi. Zootaxa 2843: 1-118.
- Nsengimana, V., Hagenimana, T., Barakagwira, J., de Dieu Nsenganeza, J., Iradukunda, S. C., Majyambere, M., Kizungu, O. B., Nkundimana, A., Umutoni, D., Fabrice, R., Cyubahiro, B., Kouakou, L. M., Kolo, Y., Anale, J. S., Gómez, K., Dekoninck, W. 2023. Checklist of ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) species from Nyungwe Tropical Rain Forest, south-western Rwanda. Journal of East African Natural History 111(2), 69-81 (doi:10.2982/028.111.0203).
References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
- Bolton B. and B. L. Fisher. 2011. Taxonomy of Afrotropical and West Palaearctic ants of the ponerine genus Hypoponera Santschi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 2843: 1-118
- Bolton, B., and B. L. Fisher. "Taxonomy of Afrotropical and West Palaearctic ants of the ponerine genus Hypoponera Santschi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)." Zootaxa 2843 (2012): 1-118.