Hypoponera beppin

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Hypoponera beppin
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Hypoponera
Species: H. beppin
Binomial name
Hypoponera beppin
Terayama, 1999


Common Name
Beppin-nise-hari-ari
Language: Japanese

This species nests in soil and is rather rarely encountered (Japanese Ant Image Database).

Identification

Terayama (1999) - Total length of workers around 3 mm. Body color brown to blackish brown. Eye with a single black facet; the distance from the posterior margin of clypeus to the anterior margin of eye 4-5 times the eye diameter. Antennal club 6-segmented, the 6th segment from the apex indistinctly swollen. Metanotum slightly constricted. Lateral border of propodeal declivity angulate. Petiole narrow in posterior view; its dorsal surface slightly pointed. Subpetiolar process subtriangular.

Distinguished from the other Japanese congeners by the 6-segmented antennal club (5-segmented in other Japanese species). This species nests in the soil.

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 34.93524° to 30.359°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: China, Japan (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • beppin. Hypoponera beppin Terayama, 1999a: 12, figs. 9-11 (w.) JAPAN.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

HL 0.70 mm; HW 0.53 mm; 8L 0.50 mm; C1 75; 81 95; WL 0.92 mm; PW 0.45 mm; PNL 0.18 mm; PH 0.40 mm; DPW 0.24 mm; TL 3.0 mm. Head long, 1.32 times as long as wide, with gently convex sides and almost straight posterior margin in full face view. Antenna with 12 segments; scape long, exceeding posterior margin of head; 2nd segment 1.3 times as long as wide; 3rd to 11th segments each wider than long; 11th segment 1.3 times as long as wide; terminal segment 2.1 times as long as wide; antennal club 6-segmented, the 6th segment from the apex indistinctly swollen. Eye with a single black facet; the distance from the posterior margin of clypeus to the anterior margin of eye 4-5 times the eye diameter. Mesosoma moderately long, dorsum of mesonotum and propodeum straight; metanotum slightly constricted; propodeal declivity gently sloping; lateral margin of propodeal declivity angulate. Petiole high, with gently convex anterior and straight posterior margins; dorsal margin strongly convex in profile; dorsal disc in frontal view strongly convex. 8ubpetiolar process subtriangular, with an anteroventral corner. Head microreticulate; mesosoma, petiole, and gaster relatively weakly microreticulate. Body color reddish brown; mandible. antenna, and legs yellowish brown.

Type Material

Holotype. Worker, Kunigami-son, Okinawa-jima, Okinawa PreL, 25. VIII. 1991, M. Terayama leg. Paratypes. 5 workers, same data as holotype; 3 workers, Mt. Yonaha-dake, Okinawa-jima, Okinawa Pref., 11. III. 1983, H. Takamine leg.

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Guénard B., and R. R. Dunn. 2012. A checklist of the ants of China. Zootaxa 3558: 1-77.
  • Harada Y., H. Yadori, M. Yoneda, R. Takinami, K. Nagahama, Y. Matsumoto, A. Oyama, S. Maeda, and S. Yamane. 2009. Ant fauna of Tanegashima (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Nankiseibutu, the Nanki Biological Society 51(1): 15-21.
  • Harada Y., K. Nishikubo, K. Matsumoto, M. Matsuda, Y. Inazawa, Y. Ozono, S. Koto, N. Kawaguchi, and S. Yamane. 2011. Ant fauna of Japanese beech (Fagus crenata) forests in southwestern Japan. Bull. Biogeogr. Soc. Japan 66: 115-127.
  • Harada Y., M. Enomoto, N. Nishimata, and K. Nishimuta. 2014. Ants of the Tokara Islands, northern Ryukyus, Japan. Nature of Kagoshima 40: 111–121.
  • Harada Y., Y. Matsumoto, S. Maeda, A. Oyama, and S. Yamane. 2009. Comparison of ant fauna among different habitats of Yaku-shima Island, southern Japan. Bull. Biogeogr. Soc. Japan 64: 125-134.
  • Hosoichi S., M. Yoshimura, Y. Kuboki, and K. Ogata. 2007. Ants from Yakushima Island, Kagoshima Prefecture. Ari 30: 47-54.
  • Hosoishi S. 2006. Ant fauna of Noko Island. pp99-107. In: The floristic and faunistic surveys of the Noko Island.
  • Hosoishi S., M. Yoshimura, Y. Kuboki, and K. Ogata. 2007. Ants from Yakushima Island , Kagoshima Prefecture. Ari 30: 47-54.
  • Maeto K. and S. Sato. 2004. Impacts of forestry on ant species richness and composition in warm-temperate forests of Japan. Forest Ecology and Management 187: 213–223.
  • Maeto K., and F. Ito. 2001. New record of Hypoponera beppin Terayama (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from Shikoku. Ari 25: 9.
  • Park S. H., S. Hosoishi, K. Ogata, and Y. Kuboki. 2014. Clustering of ant communities and indicator species analysis using self-organizing maps. Comptes Rendus Biologies http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crvi.2014.07.003
  • Terayama M. 1999. Taxonomic studies of the Japanese Formicidae, Part 4. Three new species of Ponerinae. Memoirs of the Myrmecological Society of Japan 1: 7-15.
  • Terayama M. 2009. A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Research Bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University. Liberal Arts 17:81-266.
  • Terayama M., S. Kubota, and K. Eguchi. 2014. Encyclopedia of Japanese ants. Asakura Shoten: Tokyo, 278 pp.
  • Terayama Mamoru. 2009. A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan (Insecta, Hymenoptera). The Research Bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University 17: 81-266.
  • Terayama, M. 2009. A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan (Insecta; Hymenoptera). The Research Bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University 17: 81-266.
  • Yamane S. 2016. How many species of Ants in Amami Islands? (in Japanese). Part 2, chapter 1 in How many species of Ants in Amami Islands? Pp. 92-132.
  • Yamane S., S. Ikudome, and M. Terayama. 1999. Identification guide to the Aculeata of the Nansei Islands, Japan. Sapporo: Hokkaido University Press, xii + 831 pp. pp, 138-317.
  • Yamane S., Y. Harada, and K. Eguchi. 2013. Classification and ecology of ants. Natural history of ants in Southern Kyushu. 200 pages
  • Yamane S.; Ikudome, S.; Terayama, M. 1999. Identification guide to the Aculeata of the Nansei Islands, Japan. Sapporo: Hokkaido University Press, xii + 831 pp. pp138-317.