|9 fossil genera|
13 fossil species
Hell ant cranial morphology is unlike any modern group of ants, a reﬂection of ancient diversification ultimately bound for extinction. Phylogenetic analyses have recovered haidomyrmecines as a stem-group lineage that diverged from modern ants prior to the most common recent ancestor of all living ants (Barden and Grimaldi, 2016; Barden et al., submitted). This phylogenetic placement, molecular divergence estimates (Moreau and Bell, 2013) and the presence of crown ants in Cretaceous amber (Grimaldi and Agosti, 2000; McKellar et al., 2013b; Zheng et al., 2018; Perrichot, 2019) indicate that hell ants and early members of extant lineages overlapped for tens of millions of years. The extinction of haidomyrmecines following their diversification remains an outstanding question in ant evolution, as is the function and evolutionary history responsible for this striking expansion into unparalleled phenotypic space. (Perrichot, Wang & Barden, 2020)
No living taxa are known from this subfamily.
|Fossil Genera||% World Fossil Genera||Valid Fossil Species/Subsp.||% World Fossil Species/Subsp.|
Fossils known from: Burmese amber, Kachin Province, Myanmar (Early Cenomanian, Late Cretaceous), Charentese amber, Aquitaine Basin, France (Late Albian to Early Cenomanian, Cretaceous), Foremost Formation amber, Alberta, Canada (Campanian, Late Cretaceous).
List of Tribes and Genera
No tribes within subfamily.
This subfamily is known only from fossils.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- †HAIDOMYRMECINI [tribe of †Sphecomyrminae]
- †Haidomyrmecini Bolton, 2003: 74, 261. Type-genus: †Haidomyrmex Dlussky, 1996: 84.
- †Haidomyrmecini as tribe of †Sphecomyrminae: Bolton, 2003: 74, 261; Perrichot, et al. 2008: 92; McKellar, et al. 2013b: 457; Borysenko, 2017: 17.
- †Haidomyrmecinae as subfamily of Formicidae: Perrichot, Wang & Barden, 2020: 3.
McKellar, et al. 2013b: 457 (genera and all species key); Perrichot, Wang & Engel, 2016: in supplemental information (not paginated) (genera and all species key); Barden, et al. 2017: 838 (synopsis of species); Borysenko, 2017: 19 (diagnosis); Perrichot, Wang & Barden, 2020: 3 (status as subfamily).
- Borysenko, L.H. 2017. Description of a new genus of primitive ants from Canadian amber, with the study of relationships between stem- and crown-group ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Insecta Mundi 570: 1–57.
- Perrichot, V., Wang, B., Barden, P. 2020. New remarkable hell ants (Formicidae: Haidomyrmecinae stat. nov.) from mid-Cretaceous amber of northern Myanmar. Cretaceous Research 109, 104381 (doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2020.104381).