Every Ant Tells a Story - And Scientists Explain Their Stories Here
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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Codioxenus
Santschi, 1931
Type species
Epitritus (Codioxenus) simulans, now Strumigenys simulans

Strumigenys simulans casent0912827 p 1 high.jpg

Strumigenys simulans casent0912827 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Strumigenys.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • CODIOXENUS [junior synonym of Pyramica]
    • Codioxenus Santschi, 1931c: 278 [as subgenus of Epitritus]. Type-species: Epitritus (Codioxenus) simulans, by monotypy.
    • Codioxenus raised to genus: Brown, 1948e: 123.
    • Codioxenus junior synonym of Pyramica: Bolton, 1999: 1668; Bolton, 2000: 91.
    • Codioxenus junior synonym of Strumigenys: Baroni Urbani & De Andrade, 1994: 14; Baroni Urbani & De Andrade, 2007: 101.


  • Baroni Urbani, C.; De Andrade, M. L. 1994. First description of fossil Dacetini ants with a critical analysis of the current classification of the tribe (Amber Collection Stuttgart: Hymenoptera, Formicidae. VI: Dacetini). Stuttg. Beitr. Naturkd. Ser. B ( (page 14, Codioxenus as junior synonym of Strumigenys)
  • Bolton, B. 1999. Ant genera of the tribe Dacetonini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Nat. Hist. 3 33: 1639-1689 (page 1668, Codioxenus as junior synonym of Pyramica)
  • Bolton, B. 2000. The ant tribe Dacetini. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 65: 1-1028 (page 91, Codioxenus as junior synonym of Pyramica)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 189, Codioxenus as junior synonym of Pyramica)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1948e. A preliminary generic revision of the higher Dacetini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 74: 101-129 (page 123, Codioxenus raised to genus; Codioxenus in Myrmicinae, Dacetini)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943g. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [part]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 617-688 (page 633, Codioxenus in Myrmicinae, Dacetini)
  • Santschi, F. 1931d. Fourmis de Cuba et de Panama. Rev. Entomol. (Rio J.) 1: 265-282 (page 278, Codioxenus as subgenus of Epitritus)