Cataglyphis mauritanica

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Cataglyphis mauritanica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Cataglyphis
Species: C. mauritanica
Binomial name
Cataglyphis mauritanica
(Emery, 1906)

Cataglyphis mauritanicus casent0102113 profile 1.jpg

Cataglyphis mauritanicus casent0102113 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

At a Glance • Brachypterous Queen  




Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Tunisia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Knaden & Wehner (2006) observed colony fission events. Workers left their nest and excavated a new nest about 30 m away from the natal nest. Four dealated queens were waiting at the natal nest entrance. After about 4 hours of digging, a worker carried a queen to the new nest, while the remaining three queens remained in the old nest. Dispersal by DCF is consistent with the brachypterous nature of queen (Peeters & Aron 2017).

Colonies have about 1500 workers (range 200-3000) (N=60 colonies) (A. Kuhn, unpublished data)


Brachypterous queen of C. mauritanica, showing the short wings and lack of wing muscles. Dissection by Christian Peeters, photo by Adam Khalife.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • mauritanica. Myrmecocystus viaticus subsp. mauritanicus Emery, 1906d: 57, figs. 23-26 (w.m.) TUNISIA, ALGERIA, MOROCCO.
    • Santschi, 1929b: 31 (q.).
    • Combination in Cataglyphis: Emery, 1912f: 98;
    • combination in C. (Monocombus): Santschi, 1929b: 29.
    • Subspecies of viatica: Emery, 1908g: 216; Emery, 1925b: 266; Santschi, 1929b: 31; Santschi, 1939c: 5; Cagniant, 1964: 93.
    • Status as species: Agosti, 1990b: 1483; Wehner, et al. 1994: 168; Bolton, 1995b: 136; Cagniant, 2006a: 195; Cagniant, 2009: 48; Borowiec, L. 2014: 58 (see note in bibliography).
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus occidentalis, tonsilis.



  • Knaden M, Wehner R. 2006. Fundamental difference in life history traits of two species of Cataglyphis ants. Frontiers in Zoology 3: 21.
  • Peeters C & Aron S (2017) Evolutionary reduction of female dispersal in Cataglyphis desert ants. Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 122: 58–70.

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Agosti D. 1990. Review and reclassification of Cataglyphis (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 24: 1457-1505.
  • Agosti, D. 1990. Review and reclassification of Cataglyphis (Hymentopera: Formicidae) . Journal of Natural History 24:1457-1505.
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Cagniant H. 2009. Le genre Cataglyphis Foerster, 1850 au Maroc (Hyménoptères Formicidae). Orsis 24: 41-71.
  • Cagniant, H.. "Étude de quelques fourmis marocaines. Statistique provisoire des Formicidae du Maroc." Bulletin de la Société d' Histoire naturelle de l' Afrique du Nord 53 (1964): 83-118.
  • Cagniant, H.. Les peuplements de fourmis des forêts algériennes: écologie, biocénotique, essai biologique. Universite de Toulouse, 1973.
  • Emery C. 1906. Rassegna critica delle specie paleartiche del genere Myrmecocystus. Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze dell'Istituto di Bologna (6)3: 47-61.
  • Emery C. 1908. Myrmecocystus viaticus et formes voisines. Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 44: 213-217.
  • Galkowski C., C. Lebas, P. Wegnez, A. Lenoir, and R. Blatrix. 2017. Redescription of Proformica nasuta (Nylander, 1856) (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) using an integrative approach. European Journal of Taxonomy 290: 1–40.
  • Santschi, F. 1929. Etude sur les Cataglyphis. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 36: 25-70.
  • Santschi, F.. "Étude sur les Cataglyphis." Revue Suisse de Zoologie 36 (1929): 25-70.
  • Wehner R., S. Wehner, and D. Agosti. 1994. Patterns of biogeographic distribution within the bicolor species group of the North African desert ant, Cataglyphis Foerster 1850 (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Senckenb. Biol. 74: 163-191.