Cataglyphis mauritanica

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Cataglyphis mauritanica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Cataglyphis
Species: C. mauritanica
Binomial name
Cataglyphis mauritanica
(Emery, 1906)

Cataglyphis mauritanicus casent0102113 profile 1.jpg

Cataglyphis mauritanicus casent0102113 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

At a Glance • Brachypterous Queen  




Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Tunisia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Knaden & Wehner (2006) observed colony fission events. Workers left their nest and excavated a new nest about 30 m away from the natal nest. Four dealated queens were waiting at the natal nest entrance. After about 4 hours of digging, a worker carried a queen to the new nest, while the remaining three queens remained in the old nest. Dispersal by DCF is consistent with the brachypterous nature of queen (Peeters & Aron 2017).

Colonies have about 1500 workers (range 200-3000) (N=60 colonies) (A. Kuhn, unpublished data)


Brachypterous queen of C. mauritanica, showing the short wings and lack of wing muscles. Dissection by Christian Peeters, photo by Adam Khalife.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • mauritanica. Myrmecocystus viaticus subsp. mauritanicus Emery, 1906d: 57, figs. 23, 26 (w.m.) TUNISIA. Santschi, 1929b: 31 (q.). Combination in Cataglyphis: Emery, 1912f: 98; in C. (Monocombus): Santschi, 1929b: 29. Raised to species: Agosti, 1990b: 1483. Current subspecies: nominal plus occidentalis, tonsilis.



  • Knaden M, Wehner R. 2006. Fundamental difference in life history traits of two species of Cataglyphis ants. Frontiers in Zoology 3: 21.
  • Peeters C & Aron S (2017) Evolutionary reduction of female dispersal in Cataglyphis desert ants. Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 122: 58–70.