Camponotus turkestanicus

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Camponotus turkestanicus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. turkestanicus
Binomial name
Camponotus turkestanicus
Emery, 1887

Camponotus turkestanicus antweb1008058 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus turkestanicus antweb1008058 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Pashaei Rad et al. (2018) found this species in Iran on garden soil in a very low rainfall area.

Identification

Distribution

Records of this species from Jordan are most likely based on misidentification, as C. turkestanicus has a more eastern distribution (eastern part of European Russia, Iran and Central Asia). It is also possible that it has been confused with Camponotus turkestanus, a species known from Iran, Israel, Lebanon and several countries of Central Asia, as although C. turkestanus and C. turkestanicus are distinct species, they are commonly confused, probably due to their similar names. Thus, the occurrence of both C. turkestanus and C. turkestanicus in Jordan needs confirmation (Borowiec & Salata, 2020).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Afghanistan, China, Georgia, Iran, Kazakhstan (type locality), Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation, Turkmenistan.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • turkestanicus. Camponotus sylvaticus st. turkestanicus Emery, 1887a: 212 (footnote) (w.) TURKESTAN.
    • [Misspelled as turcestanicus by Dlussky, 1981a: 17.]
    • Ruzsky, 1905b: 203 (q.m.); Emery, 1908a: 203 (s.w.q.m.).
    • Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 95.
    • Subspecies of maculatus: Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893: 241 (footnote); Emery, 1896d: 370 (in list); Ruzsky, 1902c: 3; Ruzsky, 1905b: 202; Emery, 1908a: 203; Karavaiev, 1910a: 268; Karavaiev, 1910b: 11; Forel, 1911e: 290; Wheeler, W.M. & Mann, 1916: 174; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1923: 240; Ruzsky, 1923: 2; Karavaiev, 1926e: 191.
    • Status as species: Emery, 1920c: 8, 12 (in key); Emery, 1925b: 95; Collingwood, 1961a: 74; Collingwood, 1961b: 289; Pisarski, 1967: 411; Pisarski, 1970: 321; Tarbinsky, 1976: 158 (redescription); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 551; Dlussky, 1981a: 17; Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990: 131; Bolton, 1995b: 128; Radchenko, 1996b: 1201 (in key); Radchenko, 1997d: 810; Collingwood & Heatwole, 2000: 12; Schultz, R. et al. 2006: 205; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008: 132; Paknia, et al. 2008: 153; Ran & Zhou, 2011: 70; Guénard & Dunn, 2012: 30; Borowiec, L. 2014: 44.
    • Senior synonym of attila: Radchenko, 1996b: 1201 (in key); Radchenko, 1997d: 810.
    • Senior synonym of kaschgariensis: Forel, 1904b: 378; Ruzsky, 1905b: 202; Emery, 1925b: 95; Pisarski, 1967: 411; Pisarski, 1970: 321; Tarbinsky, 1976: 158; Bolton, 1995b: 128; Radchenko, 1997d: 810.
  • attila. Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) attila Stärcke, 1935: 264, fig. 3 (s.) CHINA (Xinjiang).
    • Status as species: Chapman & Capco, 1951: 253; Bolton, 1995b: 87.
    • Junior synonym of turkestanicus: Radchenko, 1996b: 1201 (in key); Radchenko, 1997d: 810.
  • kaschgariensis. Camponotus maculatus r. kaschgariensis Forel, 1901h: 67 (s.w.q.) CHINA (Xinjiang).
    • Junior synonym of turkestanicus: Forel, 1904b: 378; Ruzsky, 1905b: 202; Emery, 1925b: 95; Pisarski, 1967: 411; Pisarski, 1970: 321; Tarbinsky, 1976: 158; Bolton, 1995b: 106; Radchenko, 1997d: 810.

Description

References

  • Arnol'di, K. V.; Dlussky, G. M. 1978. Superfam. Formicoidea. 1. Fam. Formicidae - ants. Pp. 519-556 in: Medvedev, G. S. (ed.) Keys to the insects of the European part of the USSR. Vol. 3. Hymenoptera. Part 1. Opredeliteli Faune SSSR 119:3-584. (page 551, see also)
  • Borowiec, L., Salata, S. 2020. Review of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Jordan. Annals of the Upper Silesian Museum in Bytom, Entomology 29 (online 2): 1-26 (doi:10.5281/zenodo.3733156).
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 255, Raised to species)
  • Emery, C. 1887a [1886]. Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza. Formiche della regione Indo-Malese e dell'Australia. [part]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 24[=(2)(4): 209-240 (page 212, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1896j. Saggio di un catalogo sistematico dei generi Camponotus, Polyrhachis e affini. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna (5)5:363-382 (page 370, Subspecies of maculatus)
  • Emery, C. 1908a. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1908: 165-205 (page 203, soldier, worker, queen, male described)
  • Emery, C. 1920d. Studi sui Camponotus. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 52: 3-48 (page 8, Raised to species)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 95, Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex))
  • Forel, A. 1904c [1903]. Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg. Ezheg. Zool. Muz. 8: 368-388 (page 378, Senior synonym of kaschgariensis)
  • Forel, A. 1911e. Ameisen des Herrn Prof. v. Ihering aus Brasilien (Sao Paulo usw.) nebst einigen anderen aus Südamerika und Afrika (Hym.). Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1911: 285-312 (page 290, Subspecies of maculatus)
  • Pashaei Rad, S., Taylor, B., Torabi, R., Aram, E., Abolfathi, G., Afshari, R., Borjali, F., Ghatei, M., Hediary, F., Jazini, F., Heidary Kiah, V., Mahmoudi, Z., Safariyan, F., Seiri, M. 2018. Further records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 64, 145-159 (doi:10.1080/09397140.2018.1442301).
  • Radchenko, A. G. 1996e. A key to the ant genus Camponotus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Palearctic Asia. Zool. Zh. 7 75: 1195-1203 (page 1201, Senior synonym of attila (in key))
  • Ruzsky, M. 1902c. The ants of the vicinity of the Aral Sea. Izv. Turkest. Otd. Imp. Rus. Geogr. Obshch. 3(1 1: 1-24 (page 3, Subspecies of maculatus)
  • Ruzsky, M. 1905b. The ants of Russia. (Formicariae Imperii Rossici). Systematics, geography and data on the biology of Russian ants. Part I. Tr. Obshch. Estestvoispyt. Imp. Kazan. Univ. 38(4-6 6: 1-800 (page 203, queen, male described)
  • Tarbinsky, Y. S. 1976. The ants of Kirghizia. Frunze: Ilim, 217 pp. (page 158, see also)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Collingwood C., and H. Heatwole. 2000. Ants from Northwestern China (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Psyche 103 (1-2): 1-24.
  • Dlussky G. M., O. S. Soyunov, and S. I. Zabelin. 1990. Ants of Turkmenistan. Ashkabad: Ylym Press, 273 pp.
  • Emery, C.. "Beiträge zur Kenntniss der palaearktischen Ameisen." Öfversigt af Finska Vetenskaps-Societetens Förhandlingar (Helsinki) 20 (1898): 124-151.
  • Forel A. 1901. Formiciden des Naturhistorischen Museums zu Hamburg. Neue Calyptomyrmex-, Dacryon-, Podomyrma- und Echinopla-Arten. Mitt. Naturhist. Mus. Hambg. 18: 43-82.
  • Gratiashvili N., Barjadze S. 2008. Checklist of the ants (Formicidae Latreille, 1809) of Georgia. Proceedings of the Institute of Zoology (Tbilisi) 23: 130-146.
  • Gulzar A. 2014. Classification and Distribution of ants in Kashgar, Xinjiang. Master's Thesis Shaanxi Normal University, 75 pages.
  • Guénard B., and R. R. Dunn. 2012. A checklist of the ants of China. Zootaxa 3558: 1-77.
  • Karavaiev V. 1926. Beiträge zur Ameisenfauna des Kaukasus, nebst einigen Bemerkungen über andere palaearktische Formen. (Schluss). Konowia 5: 187-199.
  • Mokrousov M. V., and V.A. Zryanin. 2015. Materials on the early spring wasps and ants fauna of Uzbekistan (Hymenoptera: Vespomorpha: Chrysidoidea, Scolioidea, Pompiloidea, Vespoidea, Apoidea [Spheciformes], Formicoidea). Entomological research Russia and its neighboring regions 5: 36–48.
  • Mortazavi Z. S., H. Sadeghi, N. Aktac, L. Depa, L. Fekrat. 2015. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and their aphid partners (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Mashhad region, Razavi Khorasan Province, with new records of aphids and ant species for fauna of Iran. Halteres 6:4-12.
  • Paknia O., A. Radchenko, H. Alipanah, and M. Pfeiffer. 2008. A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran. Myrmecological News 11: 151-159.
  • Pashaei Rad S., B. Taylor, R. Torabi, E. Aram, G. Abolfathi, R. Afshari, F. Borjali, M. Ghatei, F. Hediary, F. Jazini, V. Heidary Kiah, Z. Mahmoudi, F. Safariyan, and M. Seiri. 2018. Further records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 64(2): 145-159.
  • Ran H., and S. Y. Zhou. 2011. Checklist of Chinese Ants: the Formicomorph Subfamilies (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) (I). Journal of Guangxi Normal University: Natural Science Edition. 29(3): 65-73.
  • Reznikova Z. I. 2003. Distribution patterns of ants in different natural zones and landscapes in Kazakhstan and West Siberia along a meridian trend. Euroasian Entomological Journal 2(4): 235-342.
  • Ruzsky, M. 1923. Ants of Cheleken Island. Izv. Tomsk. Gos. Univ. 72(2nd p part: 1-6
  • Schultz, R., A. G. Radchenko, and B. Seifert. "A critical checklist of the ants of Kyrgyzstan (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)." Myrmecologische Nachrichten 8 (2006): 201-207.
  • Siberian Zoological Museum. Website available at http://szmn.sbras.ru/old/Hymenop/Formicid.htm. Accessed on January 27th 2014.