Camponotus paradoxus

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Camponotus paradoxus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. paradoxus
Binomial name
Camponotus paradoxus
(Mayr, 1866)

Camponotus paradoxus casent0910676 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus paradoxus casent0910676 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels




Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -22.908° to -22.908°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



This species is a host for the fungus Ophiocordyceps unilateralis (a pathogen) (Shrestha et al., 2017).


Images from AntWeb

Camponotus paradoxus casent0910677 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus paradoxus casent0910677 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus paradoxus casent0910677 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus paradoxus casent0910677 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Camponotus paradoxus janitorWorker. Specimen code casent0910677. Photographer Z. Lieberman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MHNG, Geneva, Switzerland.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • paradoxus. Colobopsis paradoxa Mayr, 1866b: 887, pl. 20, fig. 2 (w.) BRAZIL (no state data).
    • Type-material: holotype queen (“lacking petiole and abdomen”).
    • [Note: holotype is a queen, not a worker as originally stated (Kempf, 1960f: 460).]
    • Type-locality: Brazil: (no further data).
    • Type-depository: NHRS.
    • Combination in Camponotus: Dalla Torre, 1893: 246;
    • combination in C. (Colobopsis): Forel, 1912i: 90;
    • combination in C. (Hypercolobopsis): Emery, 1920b: 260; Mackay & Mackay, 2018: 24.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 246; Forel, 1895b: 105; Emery, 1896d: 375 (in list); Emery, 1925b: 160; Borgmeier, 1927c: 155; Wheeler, W.M. 1942: 262; Kempf, 1960f: 460 (redescription); Kempf, 1972a: 43.
    • Senior synonym of janitor: Kempf, 1960f: 460; Kempf, 1968b: 414; Kempf, 1972a: 43; Bolton, 1995b: 116.
    • Distribution: Brazil.
  • janitor. Camponotus (Colobopsis) paradoxus subsp. janitor Forel, 1908c: 415 (s.w.q.m.) BRAZIL (São Paulo).
    • Type-material: syntype major and minor workers, syntype queen(s), syntype male(s) (numbers not stated).
    • Type-locality: Brazil: São Paulo (F.E. Lutz).
    • Type-depository: MHNG.
    • Combination in C. (Hypercolobopsis): Emery, 1925b: 160.
    • Subspecies of paradoxus: Forel, 1911c: 310; Luederwaldt, 1918: 49; Emery, 1925b: 160; Borgmeier, 1927c: 155; Wheeler, W.M. 1942: 262.
    • Junior synonym of paradoxus: Kempf, 1960f: 460; Kempf, 1968b: 414; Kempf, 1972a: 43; Bolton, 1995b: 106.



  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 246, Combination in Camponotus)
  • Emery, C. 1920b. Le genre Camponotus Mayr. Nouvel essai de la subdivision en sous-genres. Rev. Zool. Afr. (Bruss.) 8: 229-260 (page 260, Combination in C. (Hypercolobopsis))
  • Forel, A. 1912j. Formicides néotropiques. Part VI. 5me sous-famille Camponotinae Forel. Mém. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 20: 59-92 (page 90, Combination in C. (Colobopsis))
  • Kempf, W. W. 1960f. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Stud. Entomol. (n.s.) 3: 417-466 (page 460, see also)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1960f. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Stud. Entomol. (n.s.) 3: 417-466 (page 460, Senior synonym of janitor)
  • Mayr, G. 1866b. Diagnosen neuer und wenig gekannter Formiciden. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 16: 885-908 (page 887, pl. 20, fig. 2 queen described)
  • Shrestha B, Tanaka E, Hyun MW, Han JG, Kim CS, Jo JW, Han SK, Oh J, Sung JM, Sung GH. 2017. Mycosphere Essay 19. Cordyceps species parasitizing hymenopteran and hemipteran insects. Mycosphere 8(9): 1424–1442 (DOI 10.5943/mycosphere/8/9/8).

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Favretto M. A., E. Bortolon dos Santos, and C. J. Geuster. 2013. Entomofauna from West of Santa Catarina State, South of Brazil. EntomoBrasilis 6 (1): 42-63.
  • Forel A. 1908. Ameisen aus Sao Paulo (Brasilien), Paraguay etc. gesammelt von Prof. Herm. v. Ihering, Dr. Lutz, Dr. Fiebrig, etc. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 58: 340-418.
  • Forel A. 1911. Ameisen des Herrn Prof. v. Ihering aus Brasilien (Sao Paulo usw.) nebst einigen anderen aus Südamerika und Afrika (Hym.). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1911: 285-312.
  • Kempf W. W. 1960. Miscellaneous studies on Neotropical ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Studia Entomologica (n.s.)3: 417-466.
  • Kempf W. W. 1978. A preliminary zoogeographical analysis of a regional ant fauna in Latin America. 114. Studia Entomologica 20: 43-62.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Luederwaldt H. 1918. Notas myrmecologicas. Rev. Mus. Paul. 10: 29-64.
  • Rosa da Silva R. 1999. Formigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) do oeste de Santa Catarina: historico das coletas e lista atualizada das especies do Estado de Santa Catarina. Biotemas 12(2): 75-100.
  • Ulyssea M.A., C. E. Cereto, F. B. Rosumek, R. R. Silva, and B. C. Lopes. 2011. Updated list of ant species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) recorded in Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil, with a discussion of research advances and priorities. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 55(4): 603-–611.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1942. Studies of Neotropical ant-plants and their ants. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 90: 1-262.