Camponotus lownei

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Camponotus lownei
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. lownei
Binomial name
Camponotus lownei
Forel, 1895

Camponotus lownei casent0280215 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus lownei casent0280215 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels



Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 22.5045° to -35.3°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Images from AntWeb

Camponotus lownei casent0280216 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus lownei casent0280216 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus lownei casent0280216 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus lownei casent0280216 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0280216. Photographer Shannon Hartman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by PSWC, Philip S. Ward Collection.
Camponotus lownei casent0280227 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus lownei casent0280227 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus lownei casent0280227 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus lownei casent0280227 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0280227. Photographer Shannon Hartman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by PSWC, Philip S. Ward Collection.
Camponotus lownei casent0280228 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus lownei casent0280228 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus lownei casent0280228 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus lownei casent0280228 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0280228. Photographer Shannon Hartman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by PSWC, Philip S. Ward Collection.
Camponotus lownei casent0910389 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus lownei casent0910389 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus lownei casent0910389 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus lownei casent0910389 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Camponotus lowneiWorker (major/soldier). Specimen code casent0910389. Photographer Z. Lieberman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MHNG, Geneva, Switzerland.
Camponotus lownei casent0910390 p 1 high.jpgCamponotus lownei casent0910390 d 1 high.jpgCamponotus lownei casent0910390 h 1 high.jpgCamponotus lownei casent0910390 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Camponotus lowneiWorker. Specimen code casent0910390. Photographer Z. Lieberman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MHNG, Geneva, Switzerland.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • nitida. Formica nitida Lowne, 1865a: 277 (s.) AUSTRALIA (New South Wales).
    • [Junior primary homonym of Formica nitida Razoumowsky, 1789: 427.]
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 202.
    • Replacement name: Camponotus lownei Forel, 1895a: 43.
  • lownei. Camponotus lownei Forel, 1895a: 43.
    • Replacement name for Formica nitida Lowne, 1865a: 277. [Junior primary homonym of Formica nitida Razoumowsky, 1789: 427.]
    • Crawley, 1922c: 33 (q.m.).
    • Combination in C. (Myrmophyma): Forel, 1914a: 269;
    • combination in C. (Myrmogonia): Emery, 1920b: 257;
    • combination in C. (Thlipsepinotus): Santschi, 1928e: 483.
    • Status as species: Emery, 1896d: 374 (in list); Forel, 1902h: 494; Forel, 1907a: 34; Forel, 1915b: 102; Crawley, 1922c: 33; Emery, 1925b: 111; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 116; Taylor, 1987a: 13; Bolton, 1995b: 109; McArthur, 2007a: 340; Heterick, 2009: 68; McArthur, 2010: 72; McArthur, 2014: 126.

Type Material

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


Worker major Length 7.5-8 mm. The head (without the mandibles) 2 mm long by 1.8 mm wide, nearly square, a little wider behind than in front, strongly indented behind. Mandibles short, obtuse, punctate, armed with 5 teeth. Clypeus without lobe and almost without a keel, indented in the middle and on each side. A transverse and curved impression laterally on the cheeks. The front of the head is feebly subtruncate up to the articulation of the antennae as in Colobopsis truncata worker. The thorax very short, very rapidly narrowing behind, dorsum strongly convex; meso-metanotal suture indistinct. Basal face of the metanotum (= propodeum) very short, narrow and very convex. Declivity face very high, very abrupt, subvertical. Node oval,sharp,pointed. Gaster oval. Glossy, feebly shagreen; sides of the thorax sub opaque, more strongly wrinkled or wrinkled reticulate. Large fossae, widely spaced, pilogerous, on front, the vertex, and the dorsum of the thorax. Widely spaced punctation,regular on the cheeks. The rest of the body without punctation. Pilosity yellow, sparse,none on the tibia or tarsi which have a slightly raised pubescence. Pubescence very short and sparse elsewhere. Black. Limbs and gastric segments of a light yellow, a little testaceous. Antennae and tarsi of a reddish yellow. Border of the mandibles dark reddish.

Worker minor. Length 4.7 to 5 mm. Head trapezoidal, wider behind than at the front. The eyes situated near the back. Clypeus convex, without a median indentation. Meso-metanotal suture obsolete. The entire metanotum forms a strong convexity; basal face as long as the declivity. Node thicker, not pointed. Pilosity noticeably more abundant and longer than the major worker; on the tibias and scapes, the pubescence becomes oblique pilosity. Fossae and points much more sparse and weaker than in the worker major. Color a little lighter than the major; mandibles and anterior border of the head a brownish yellow.

Mackay, Queensland, M Gilbert Turner.

This species appears to be without doubt a relative of C.nitidus Lowne.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • McArthur A. 2010. A guide to Camponotus ants of South Australia. Adelaide: South Australian Museum, IV + 121 pp.