Brachymyrmex depilis

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Brachymyrmex depilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Myrmelachistini
Genus: Brachymyrmex
Species: B. depilis
Binomial name
Brachymyrmex depilis
Emery, 1893

Brachymyrmex depilis casent0005338 profile 1.jpg

Brachymyrmex depilis casent0005338 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Synonyms

Colonies or nest chambers that form part of a nest of Brachymyrmex depilis can be found in the soil under stones or in rotting wood in a wide variety of habitats: open forest, dense moist forest, grasslands, and fields. The workers lead almost wholly subterranean lives. In addition to being general scavengers workers also tend root aphids and coccids in underground galleries. The gastral tergites of Brachymyrmex depilis workers have flexible connections that permit their gaster to easily expand and contract. Their crops can be filled with a large amount of liquid, at least relative to the overall size of a worker.


Photo Gallery

  • Brachymyrmex-depilis 7159.jpg

Identification

Very small yellow ants. Their color distinguishes this species from other named North American Brachymyrmex, which vary from grey to dark brown. The genus can be readily separated from other Formicinae by the combination of their small size, hair fringed acidophore, and 9 segmented antenna.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Range United States, S Canada, Mexico. Most U.S. states and south into Mexico. This species is putatively wide ranging. A badly needed taxonomic revision of the North America forms will likely reveal Brachymyrmex depilis is a number of distinctive species.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Nearctic Region: Canada, United States (type locality).
Neotropical Region: Mexico.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Brachymyrmex depilis are opportunistic nesters, making galleries in downed wood, at the base of living vegetation, under bark, under stones, in litter, along roots and in the soil. Their small size and thin integument means individuals desiccate quickly, leading colonies to settle in places where they can have humid nest chambers.

Headley (1943) reported finding nests of Brachymyrmex depilis in Oak acorns.

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • depilis. Brachymyrmex heeri subsp. depilis Emery, 1893i: 635 (w.q.) U.S.A. (District of Columbia, Dakota, New Jersey, Virginia).
    • Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1953c: 139 (l.).
    • Subspecies of heeri: Wheeler, W.M. 1900c: 47; Wheeler, W.M. 1904e: 304; Wheeler, W.M. 1905f: 389; Wheeler, W.M. 1908f: 622; Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 569; Wheeler, W.M. 1916m: 591; Wheeler, W.M. 1917i: 462; Smith, M.R. 1930a: 5; Wheeler, W.M. 1932a: 13; Dennis, 1938: 294; Wing, 1939: 163; Wesson, L.G. & Wesson, R.G. 1940: 100.
    • Status as species: Santschi, 1923b: 663; Emery, 1925b: 42; Buren, 1944a: 292; Creighton, 1950a: 359; Smith, M.R. 1951a: 839; Cole, 1953h: 266; Cole, 1954f: 271; Smith, M.R. 1958c: 141; Carter, 1962a: 7 (in list); Smith, M.R. 1967: 366; Hunt & Snelling, 1975: 22; Francoeur, 1977b: 207; Yensen, et al. 1977: 183; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1424; Snelling, R.R. & George, 1979: 177; Allred, 1982: 454; Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1986g: 59; DuBois & LaBerge, 1988: 145; Mackay, Lowrie, et al. 1988: 104; Deyrup, et al. 1989: 99; Blacker, 1992: 9; Wheeler, G.C., et al. 1994: 305; Bolton, 1995b: 82; Mackay & Mackay, 2002: 278; Deyrup, 2003: 44; Coovert, 2005: 113; MacGown & Forster, 2005: 64; Ward, 2005: 28; Ellison, et al. 2012: 110; Deyrup, 2017: 180; Ortiz-Sepúlveda, et al. 2019: 491.
    • Senior synonym of flavescens: Cole, 1953h: 266; Smith, M.R. 1958c: 141; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1424; Snelling, R.R. & George, 1979: 177; Bolton, 1995b: 82; Ortiz-Sepúlveda, et al. 2019: 492.
    • Senior synonym of nanellus: Creighton, 1950a: 359; Smith, M.R. 1958c: 141; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1424; Snelling, R.R. & George, 1979: 177; Bolton, 1995b: 82; Ortiz-Sepúlveda, et al. 2019: 492.
  • flavescens. Brachymyrmex depilis subsp. flavescens Grundmann, 1952: 117 (w.) U.S.A. (Utah).
    • Junior synonym of depilis: Cole, 1953h: 266; Smith, M.R. 1958c: 141; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1424; Snelling, R.R. & George, 1979: 177; Bolton, 1995b: 82; Ortiz-Sepúlveda, et al. 2019: 492.
  • nanellus. Brachymyrmex nanellus Wheeler, W.M. 1903b: 102, fig. 7b (w.m.) U.S.A. (Texas).
    • Status as species: Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 569; Santschi, 1923b: 664; Emery, 1925b: 43; Smith, M.R. 1927: 313; Smith, M.R. 1951a: 839.
    • Junior synonym of depilis: Creighton, 1950a: 359; Smith, M.R. 1958c: 141; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1424; Snelling, R.R. & George, 1979: 177; Bolton, 1995b: 82; Ortiz-Sepúlveda, et al. 2019: 492.

Description

Etymology

Descriptive. depilis = "without hair"

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

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