Tetramorium gazense

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Tetramorium gazense
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Tetramorium
Species: T. gazense
Binomial name
Tetramorium gazense
Arnold, 1958

Tetramorium gazense casent0217075 p 1 high.jpg

Tetramorium gazense casent0217075 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This species has been collected from a range of habitats, e.g., bushland, grassland, and rainforest, and sampling methods, e.g., pitfall trap, on vegetation, and hand collection of ground foragers.


Bolton (1980) - A member of the T. cristatum species complex in the Tetramorium bicarinatum species group. Of the five large species of this group which occur in the Ethiopian region two, Tetramorium emeryi and Tetramorium erectum, are characterized by the shape of the petiole node and are easily separated (see above under T. emeryi, T. erectum). The remaining three form a very close triad of species which are separated by their colour or colour pattern. These are Tetramorium cristatum, T. gazense and Tetramorium notiale. However, in the case of these three species the colours appear to be discrete, there are no known intermediates, and the colours seem very stable over the extensive ranges of the species involved. Although it remains a truism that colour is to be treated with caution in the genus Tetramorium, it seems as if the species of the bicarinatum-group have developed very stable colour-patterns, as is witnessed in Tetramorium bicarinatum itself and in Tetramorium insolens (see Bolton, 1977; 1979) and other members of the group from outside the Ethiopian region. In view of this I am treating these three names as distinct species, at least until intermediates can be found to refute the decision. Thus, of the three T. gazense is uniform dark brown or blackish brown; T. notiale is uniform bright orange-brown or yellow-brown, usually with the gaster lighter than the head and alitrunk; T. cristatum is bright orange-yellow to bright orange-brown with the gaster always much darker, very dark brown or blackish brown.

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 0.3414° to -19.8°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, United Republic of Tanzania, Zimbabwe (type locality), Zimbabwe (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




Images from AntWeb

Tetramorium gazense casent0217969 h 1 high.jpgTetramorium gazense casent0217969 p 1 high.jpgTetramorium gazense casent0217969 d 1 high.jpgTetramorium gazense casent0217969 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0217969. Photographer Estella Ortega, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by CAS, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Tetramorium gazense casent0901113 h 1 high.jpgTetramorium gazense casent0901113 p 1 high.jpgTetramorium gazense casent0901113 d 1 high.jpgTetramorium gazense casent0901113 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Tetramorium guineense gazenseWorker. Specimen code casent0901113. Photographer Ryan Perry, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMUK, London, UK.
Tetramorium gazense fmnhins0000047310 h 1 high.jpgTetramorium gazense fmnhins0000047310 p 1 high.jpgTetramorium gazense fmnhins0000047310 d 1 high.jpgTetramorium gazense fmnhins0000047310 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code fmnhins0000047310. Photographer Stephanie Ware, uploaded by Field Museum. Owned by FMNH.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • gazense. Tetramorium guineense subsp. gazensis Arnold, 1958: 122, fig. 3 (w.) ZIMBABWE. Raised to species: Bolton, 1980: 270.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Bolton (1980) - TL 4.1-4.9, HL 1.00-1.20, HW 0.86-1.04, CI 85-87, SL 0.66-0.76, SI 71-76, PW 0.60-0.74, AL 1.14-1.30 (10 measured).

Mandibles smooth and shining with scattered pits. Anterior clypeal margin with a distinct median notch or impression. Clypeus with three major longitudinal carinae, also commonly with one or more extra, more — feeble rugulae. Sides of median portion of clypeus strongly marginate, the raised rim forming the margin running into the clypeal apron anteriorly and continuous with the frontal carinae posteriorly. Frontal carinae strong, extending back almost to the occipital margin where they merge with the rugoreticulum. Eyes of moderate size, maximum diameter 0.24-0.28, about 0.25-0.28 x HW. Propodeal spines long and usually stout, acute apically and upcurved along their length. Metapleural lobes elongate-triangular, often spiniform apically, upcurved. Petiole with the node roughly rectangular, the anterior face vertical or very feebly concave, the dorsum shallowly convex and the posterior face slightly concave. The antero- and posterodorsal angles either both making roughly a right-angle where they meet the dorsum or the — anterior angle somewhat blunter than the posterior. In dorsal view the nodes slightly longer than broad, sometimes about as broad as long but always broader behind than in front. Dorsum of head longitudinally rugose to level of posterior margins of eyes, behind which the head has a coarse rugoreticulum. Dorsal alitrunk strongly reticulate-rugose; in some individuals this may be weaker on the mesonotum. Alitrunk with a transverse crest at the promesonotal junction. Dorsal surfaces of both petiole and postpetiole coarsely reticulate-rugulose. Base of first tergite with fine dense costulation. All dorsal surfaces of head and body with numerous strong erect or suberect hairs. Colour uniform dark brown, sometimes blackish brown.

Type Material

Bolton (1980) - Syntype workers, RHODESIA: Melsetter, xii. 1948, 5000 ft [1520 m] (G. Arnold) (The Natural History Museum; Natural History Museum of Zimbabwe; Museum of Comparative Zoology) [examined].


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Garcia F.H., Wiesel E. and Fischer G. 2013.The Ants of Kenya (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)—Faunal Overview, First Species Checklist, Bibliography, Accounts for All Genera, and Discussion on Taxonomy and Zoogeography. Journal of East African Natural History, 101(2): 127-222
  • IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection