Termitopone

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Termitopone
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Termitopone
Wheeler, W.M., 1936
Type species
Ponera laevigata, now Neoponera laevigata

Pachycondyla laevigata casent0249152 p 1 high.jpg

Pachycondyla laevigata casent0249152 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Neoponera.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • TERMITOPONE [junior synonym of Neoponera]
    • Termitopone Wheeler, W.M. 1936d: 159. Type-species: Ponera laevigata, by original designation.
    • Termitopone senior synonym of Syntermitopone: Borgmeier, 1959a: 312.
    • Termitopone junior synonym of Pachycondyla: Snelling, R.R. 1981: 389; Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 11; Brown, in Bolton, 1994: 164.
    • Termitopone junior synonym of Neoponera: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 145.

References

  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 164, Termitopone as junior synonym of Pachycondyla)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 168, Termitopone as junior synonym of Pachycondyla)
  • Borgmeier, T. 1959a. Myrmecologische Studien. II. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 31: 309-319 (page 312, Termitopone senior synonym of Syntermitopone)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1973b. A comparison of the Hylean and Congo-West African rain forest ant faunas. Pp. 161-185 in: Meggers, B. J., Ayensu, E. S., Duckworth, W. D. (eds.) Tropical forest ecosystems in Africa and South America: a comparative review. Wash (page 185, Termitopone as junior synonym of Pachycondyla (provisional))
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943h. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [concl.]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 721-737 (page 731, Termitopone in Ponerinae, Ponerini)
  • Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. (page 11, Termitopone as junior synonym of Pachycondyla)
  • Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, S.O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa 3817, 1–242 (doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1).
  • Snelling, R. R. 1981. Systematics of social Hymenoptera. Pp. 369-453 in: Hermann, H. R. (ed.) Social insects. Volume 2. New York: Academic Press, xiii + 491 pp. (page 389, Termitopone as junior synonym of Pachycondyla)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1936e. Ecological relations of ponerine and other ants to termites. Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci. 71: 159-243 (page 159, Termitopone as genus)