Proformica epinotalis

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Proformica epinotalis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Proformica
Species: P. epinotalis
Binomial name
Proformica epinotalis
Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927

Proformica epinotalis antweb1008083 p 1 high.jpg

Proformica epinotalis antweb1008083 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels



Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 47.78° to 36.105°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: China, Iran, Kazakhstan (type locality), Kyrgyzstan, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Turkmenistan.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


This species is a host for the ant Rossomyrmex proformicarum (a slave maker) (D'Ettorre & Heinze, 2001; Ruano et al., 2013; de la Mora et al., 2021).



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • epinotalis. Proformica epinotalis Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927b: 27, figs. 2-4 (s.w.) KAZAKHSTAN. Kupyanskaya, 1990: 206 (q.m.). See also: Dlussky, 1969a: 226.

Taxonomic Notes

Paknia, Radchenko, and Pfeiffer (2010) reported Proformica epinotalis from Iran. There is a syntype of that species at CASENT0912272 and an Iran specimen on ANTWEB1008083. The latter is smaller than the syntype and has a distinctly narrower head. According to Galkowski, Lebas, Wegnez, Lenoir, and Blatrix (2017) the taxonomy of the genus is confused and in need of revision. This reiterates Agosti (1994) and the situation is compounded by the dimorphic workers common to the genus.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Agosti D. 1994. The phylogeny of the ant tribe Formicini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with the description of a new genus. Systematic Entomology 19: 93-117.
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Borowiec L., and S. Salata. 2012. Ants of Greece - Checklist, comments and new faunistic data (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus 23(4): 461-563.
  • Czechowski W., A. Radchenko, W. Czechowska and K. Vepsäläinen. 2012. The ants of Poland with reference to the myrmecofauna of Europe. Fauna Poloniae 4. Warsaw: Natura Optima Dux Foundation, 1-496 pp
  • Dlussky G. M., O. S. Soyunov, and S. I. Zabelin. 1990. Ants of Turkmenistan. Ashkabad: Ylym Press, 273 pp.
  • Dubovikoff D. A., and Z. M. Yusupov. 2018. Family Formicidae - Ants. In Belokobylskij S. A. and A. S. Lelej: Annotated catalogue of the Hymenoptera of Russia. Proceedingss of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences 6: 197-210.
  • Guénard B., and R. R. Dunn. 2012. A checklist of the ants of China. Zootaxa 3558: 1-77.
  • Paknia O., and M. Pfeiffer. 2014. Niche-based processes and temporal variation of environment drive beta diversity of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in dryland ecosystems of Iran. Myrmecological News 20: 15-23.
  • Paknia, O., A. G. Radchenko, and M. Pfeiffer. "New records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Iran." Asian Myrmecology 3, no. 29-38 (2010).
  • Ran H., and S. Y. Zhou. 2013. Checklist of Chinese Ants: Formicomorph Subfamilies ( Hymenoptera: Formicidae) (III). Journal of Guangxi Normal University : Natural Science Edition 31(1): 104-111.
  • Reznikova Z. I. 2003. Distribution patterns of ants in different natural zones and landscapes in Kazakhstan and West Siberia along a meridian trend. Euroasian Entomological Journal 2(4): 235-342.
  • Wu wei, Li Xiao Mei, Guo Hong. 2004. A primary study on the fauna of Formicidae in Urumqi and its vicinities. Arid Zone Research 21(2): 179-182