Pheidole ademonia

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Pheidole ademonia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. ademonia
Binomial name
Pheidole ademonia
Wilson, 2003

Pheidole-ademonia-MCZ001LMaPt1.jpg

Pheidole-ademonia-MCZ001DMaPt.jpg

specimen label (Paratype)

Two series were collected at the type locality in terra firme forest. One was a small group of ants found beneath the bark of a rotten log, the other several strays in soil (Stefan Cover, unpublished notes).

Identification

See the description in the nomenclature section.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Known from the type locality in Peru and from several series collected at the Yasuni National Park, Ecuador. (Wilson 2003)


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 4.732° to -12.497473°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Ecuador, Guyana, Peru (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

pChart

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

pChart

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • ademonia. Pheidole ademonia Wilson, 2003: 365, figs. (s.w.) PERU.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

A small yellow member of the flavens group, similar to Pheidole infernalis, Pheidole peltastes, Pheidole sospes and Pheidole termitobia, distinguished by the following combination of traits.

Major: Antennal scrobe present, its surface weakly foveolate; occiput rugoreticulate, with remainder of dorsal head surface longitudinally carinulate; carinulae near the cephalic midline curving inward; promesonotal dorsal profile forms a single high, semicircular curve.

Minor: Almost identical to that of Pheidole sospes (see illustration of that species).

MEASUREMENTS (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.74, HL 0.80, SL 0.36, EL 0.06, PW 0.34. Paratype minor: HW 0.38, HL 0.40, SL 0.34, EL 0.06, PW 0.24.

COLOR Major: Concolorous medium reddish yellow.

Minor: Concolorous plain medium yellow.


File-Pheidole ademonia Figure.jpg

Figure. Holotype Major. Scale Bar = 1mm.

Type Material

PERU: Cuzco Amazónico, 15 km northeast of Puerto Maldonado, Madre de Dios, col. Stefan Cover and John E. Tobin. Museum of Comparative Zoology

Etymology

Gr ademonia, troubled, distressed.

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • LaPolla, J.S. and S.P. Cover. 2005. New species of Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Guyana, with a list of species known from the country. Tranactions of the American Entomological Society 131(3-4):365-374
  • Mertl A. L., J. F. A. Traniello, K. Ryder Wilkie, and R. Constantino. 2012. Associations of two ecologically significant social insect taxa in the litter of an amazonian rainforest: is there a relationship between ant and termite species richness? Psyche doi:10.1155/2012/312054