Paraformica

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Paraformica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Formicini
Genus: Paraformica
Forel, 1915
Type species
Formica (Paraformica) emmae, now Cataglyphis emmae

Cataglyphis emmae casent0249840 p 1 high.jpg

Cataglyphis emmae casent0249840 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Cataglyphis.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • PARAFORMICA [junior synonym of Cataglyphis]
    • Paraformica Forel, 1915b: 95 (footnote) [as subgenus of Formica]. Type-species: Formica (Paraformica) emmae, by monotypy.
    • Paraformica raised to genus: Emery, 1925b: 260.
    • Paraformica subgenus of Proformica: Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1928a: 7.
    • Paraformica subgenus of Cataglyphis: Santschi, 1925g: 353; Santschi, 1929b: 30.
    • Paraformica junior synonym of Cataglyphis: Agosti, 1990b: 1462; Agosti, 1994a: 103.


References

  • Agosti, D. 1990b. Review and reclassification of Cataglyphis (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). J. Nat. Hist. 2 24: 1457-1505 (page 1462, Paraformica as junior synonym of Cataglyphis )
  • Agosti, D. 1994b. The phylogeny of the ant tribe Formicini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with the description of a new genus. Syst. Entomol. 19: 93-117 (page 103, Paraformica as junior synonym of Cataglyphis )
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 127, Paraformica as junior synonym of Cataglyphis )
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1973b. A comparison of the Hylean and Congo-West African rain forest ant faunas. Pp. 161-185 in: Meggers, B. J., Ayensu, E. S., Duckworth, W. D. (eds.) Tropical forest ecosystems in Africa and South America: a comparative review. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, viii + 350 pp. (page 183, Paraformica as junior synonym of Cataglyphis [provisional])
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943g. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [part]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 617-688 (page 680, Paraformica as genus)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 260, Paraformica in Formicinae, Formicini; Paraformica as genus)
  • Forel, A. 1915b. Results of Dr. E. Mjöbergs Swedish Scientific Expeditions to Australia 1910-13. 2. Ameisen. Ark. Zool. 9(1 16: 1-119 (page 95, Paraformica (footnote as subgenus of Formica)
  • Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 229-253 (page 250, Paraformica in Camponotinae,Formicini; Paraformica as subgenus of Formica)
  • Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, N. N. 1928a. Beiträge zur Ameisenfauna Mittelasiens. I. Die Gattung Proformica, Ruzsky 1903. Zool. Anz. 75: 7-23 (page 7, Paraformica as subgenus of Proformica)
  • Santschi, F. 1925g. Fourmis d'Espagne et autres espèces paléarctiques (Hymenopt.). EOS. Rev. Esp. Entomol. 1: 339-360 (page 353, Paraformica as subgenus of Cataglyphis)
  • Santschi, F. 1929b. Étude sur les Cataglyphis. Rev. Suisse Zool. 36: 25-70 (page 30, Paraformica as subgenus of Cataglyphis)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922i. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VII. Keys to the genera and subgenera of ants. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 631-710 (page 699, Paraformica in Formicinae, Formicini; Paraformica as subgenus of Formica)