Odontomachus tyrannicus

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Odontomachus tyrannicus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Odontomachus
Species: O. tyrannicus
Binomial name
Odontomachus tyrannicus
Smith, F., 1859

Odontomachus tyrannicus casent0172659 profile 1.jpg

Odontomachus tyrannicus casent0172659 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels



A member of the Odontomachus tyrannicus group.

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -0.233333° to -10.25°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Indonesia (type locality), New Guinea.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • tyrannicus. Odontomachus tyrannicus Smith, F. 1859a: 144 (w.) INDONESIA (Aru Is).
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: Indonesia: Aru Is, “Aru 54” (A.R. Wallace).
    • Type-depository: OXUM.
    • [Misspelled as tyranicus by Donisthorpe, 1940c: 107, Donisthorpe, 1949g: 408.]
    • Emery, 1897d: 557 (q.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1952c: 652 (l.).
    • Status as species: Roger, 1861a: 28; Roger, 1863b: 21; Mayr, 1863: 437; Smith, F. 1871a: 319; Emery, 1887b: 429; Emery, 1892d: 559 (in key); Dalla Torre, 1893: 52; Emery, 1897d: 557; Forel, 1901b: 5; Dahl, 1901: 12; Emery, 1911b: 531; Emery, 1911d: 113; Viehmeyer, 1912: 6; Viehmeyer, 1914c: 516; Donisthorpe, 1932c: 455; Wheeler, W.M. 1935g: 16; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 47; Wilson, 1959a: 501; Brown, 1976a: 106, 162; Bolton, 1995b: 297.
    • Senior synonym of obsolescens: Wilson, 1959a: 501; Brown, 1976a: 106; Bolton, 1995b: 297.
    • Distribution: Indonesia (Aru, Irian Jaya, Waigeu), Papua New Guinea (+ Bismarck Archipelago).
  • obsolescens. Odontomachus tyrannicus var. obsolescens Donisthorpe, 1940c: 106 (w.m.) NEW GUINEA (Papua New Guinea).
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated, “many”), 3 syntype males.
    • Type-localities: Papua New Guinea: Kokoda, 1200 ft, v.1933, no. 173 (L.E. Cheesman), and Indonesia: Irian Jaya, Waigeu I. , 2500 ft, iv.1938 (L.E. Cheesman).
    • Type-depositories: BMNH, MCZC.
    • Subspecies of tyrannicus: Donisthorpe, 1943d: 446; Donisthorpe, 1949g: 408; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 47.
    • Junior synonym of tyrannicus: Wilson, 1959a: 501; Brown, 1976a: 106; Bolton, 1995b: 296.

Type Material

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Odontomachus tyrannicus

Holotype worker, in Oxford University Museum of Natural History; “Aru 54”, and also with a Donisthorpe type-label. A second worker is present, from Waigeo I.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Brown W. L., Jr. 1976. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Stud. Entomol. 19: 67-171.
  • CSIRO Collection
  • Chapman, J. W., and Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monogr. Inst. Sci. Technol. Manila 1: 1-327
  • Dahl F. 1901. Das Leben der Ameisen im Bismarck-Archipel, nach eigenen Beobachtungen vergleichend dargestellt. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berl. 2: 1-70.
  • Donisthorpe H. 1940. Some new forms of Odontomachus (Hym., Formicidae). Entomologist 73: 106-109.
  • Donisthorpe H. 1949. A seventh instalment of the Ross Collection of ants from New Guinea. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (12)2: 401-422.
  • Donisthorpe, Horace. 1943. The Ants of Waigeu Island, North Dutch New Guinea. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History 11 (10): 433-475.
  • Emery C. 1887. Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza. Formiche della regione Indo-Malese e dell'Australia (continuazione e fine). [concl.]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 25(5): 427-473.
  • Emery C. 1892. Voyage de M. Ch. Alluaud dans le territoire d'Assinie (Afrique occidentale) en juillet et août 1886. Formicides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 60: 553-574.
  • Emery C. 1911. Formicidae. Résultats de l'expédition scientifique néerlandaise à la Nouvelle-Guinée en 1903 sous les auspices de Arthur Wichmann. Nova Guinea 5: 531-539.
  • Emery C. 1911. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125.
  • Emery, C. "Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza. Formiche della regione Indo-Malese e dell'Australia (continuazione e fine)." Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) (2) 5, no. 25 (1887): 427-473.
  • Forel A. 1901. Formiciden aus dem Bismarck-Archipel, auf Grundlage des von Prof. Dr. F. Dahl gesammelten Materials. Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berl. 2: 4-37.
  • Janda M., G. D. Alpert, M. L. Borowiec, E. P. Economo, P. Klimes, E. Sarnat, and S. O. Shattuck. 2011. Cheklist of ants described and recorded from New Guinea and associated islands. Available on http://www.newguineants.org/. Accessed on 24th Feb. 2011.
  • Lucky A., L. E. Alonso, E. Sarnat, and J. Hulr. 2015. Ants and scolytine beetles. In: Richards, S.J. and N. Whitmore (editors) 2015. A rapid biodiversity assessment of Papua New Guinea's Hindenburg Wall region. Wildlife Conservation Society Papua New Guinea Program. Goroka, PNG.
  • Smith F. 1861. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace in the islands of Ceram, Celebes, Ternate, and Gilolo. [part]. Journal and Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology 6: 36-48.
  • Smith F. 1863. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects collected by Mr. A. R. Wallace in the islands of Mysol, Ceram, Waigiou, Bouru and Timor. Journal and Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology 7: 6-48.
  • Snelling R. R. 1998. Insect Part 1: The social Hymenoptera. In Mack A. L. (Ed.) A Biological Assessment of the Lakekamu Basin, Papua New Guinea, RAP 9. 189 ppages
  • Snelling R. R. 2000. Ants of the Wapoga river area, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. In Mack, Andrew L. and Leeanne E. Alonso (eds.). 2000. A Biological Assessment of the Wapoga River Area of Northwestern Irian Jaya, Indonesia. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 14, Conservation International, Washington, DC.
  • Viehmeyer H. 1912. Ameisen aus Deutsch Neuguinea gesammelt von Dr. O. Schlaginhaufen. Nebst einem Verzeichnisse der papuanischen Arten. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Königlichen Zoologischen und Anthropologische-Ethnographischen Museums zu Dresden 14: 1-26.
  • Viehmeyer H. 1914. Papuanische Ameisen. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1914: 515-535.
  • Wheeler W.M. 1935. Check list of the ants of Oceania. Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum 11(11):1-56.
  • Wheeler, William Morton.1935.Checklist of the Ants of Oceania.Occasional Papers 11(11): 3-56
  • Wilson E. O. 1959. Studies on the ant fauna of Melanesia V. The tribe Odontomachini. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 120: 483-510.
  • Wilson E.O. 1959. Adaptive shift and dispersal in a tropical ant fauna. Evolution 13(1): 122-144.
  • Wilson Edward O. 1959. Adaptive Shift and Dispersal in a Tropical Ant Fauna. Evolution 13(1): 122-144