Myrmosaulus

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Myrmosaulus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Subgenus: Myrmosaulus
Wheeler, W.M., 1921
Type species
Formica cinerascens, now Camponotus cinerascens

Monster-head Carpenter Ants

Diagnosis: Emery (1925). - "Worker and queen. - Large to medium species; dimorphism pronounced. Head of majors generally with lateral margins rounded, posterior margin concave; head of minors with lateral margins straight or rounded, posterior margin convex or ogival (missile-shaped), ending in some species as neck, as in Dinomyrmex and some species of Tanaemyrmex. Clypeus carinate medially or subcarinate; anterior margin produced as rectangular or rounded lobe, as in Tanaemyrmex. Mandible with 6–8 simple teeth along masticatory margin; denticles sometimes present along basal margin. Scapes slightly surpassing posterior head margin, even among majors. In workers, mesosomal dorsum rounded; metanotal-propodeal suture deeply to slightly impressed; in former case, propodeum shaped as rounded bump; metanotal spiracles very apparent on sides of mesosomal dorsum. Petiol generally more-or-less nodiform. Scapes and tibiae with fine, whitish hair (except C. aurocinctus, Fred. Smith [note: C. aurocinctus transferred to unranked wiederckehri group by Shattuck & McArthur (2002)]). Male. - (C. intrepidus, W. Kirby); with characters of Tanaemyrmex. Hairy limbs as in worker.

Geographical distribution of species. - Indomalaya, Sunda Islands, Australia; [at least?] one species in Madagascar."

(Translated and edited by B. E. Boudinot, 17 February 2017.)


Myrmosaulus is currently a subgenus of Camponotus.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • MYRMOSAULUS [subgenus of Camponotus]
    • Myrmosaulus Wheeler, W.M. 1921a: 18 [as subgenus of Camponotus]. Type-species: Formica cinerascens, by subsequent designation of Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 705.
    • [Type-species not Formica singularis, unjustified subsequent designation by Emery, 1925b: 113, repeated in Donisthorpe, 1943f: 670.]
    • [Note that Donisthorpe, 1932c: 445, states that C. cinerascens belongs in subgenus Myrmosericus. If so then Myrmosaulus would fall as a junior synonym of Myrmosericus.]

References

  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 118, Myrmosaulus as subgenus of Camponotus [Note that Donisthorpe, 1932c: 445, states that C. cinerascens belongs in subgenus Myrmosericus. If so then Myrmosaulus would fall as a junior synonym of Myrmosericus.])
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 112, Myrmosaulus as subgenus of Camponotus)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1921a. Professor Emery's subgenera of the genus Camponotus Mayr. Psyche (Camb.) 28: 16-19 (page 18, Myrmosaulus as subgenus of Camponotus)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922i. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VII. Keys to the genera and subgenera of ants. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 631-710 (page 705, Type-species: Formica cinerascens, by subsequent designation; Myrmosaulus as subgenus of Camponotus [Type-species not Formica singularis, unjustified subsequent designation by Emery, 1925b: 113, repeated in Donisthorpe, 1943f: 670.] )