Myrmecia rufinodis

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Myrmecia rufinodis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmeciinae
Tribe: Myrmeciini
Genus: Myrmecia
Species: M. rufinodis
Binomial name
Myrmecia rufinodis
Smith, F., 1858

Myrmecia rufinodis casent0902790 p 1 high.jpg

Myrmecia rufinodis casent0902790 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Photo Gallery

  • Workers at nest entrance. Photo by Mark Newton.
  • Foraging workers. Photo by Mark Newton.
  • Foraging worker. Photo by Mark Newton.
  • Nest at base of grass tussock. Photo by Mark Newton.
  • Nest entrances. Photo by Mark Newton.
  • Midden pile with cast-off cocoons. Photo by Mark Newton.

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -32.76667° to -36.583°.

   
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Associations with other Organisms

Gregarine

  • This species is a host for the gregarine species unknown (a parasite) in Australia (Crosland, 1988).

Castes

Myrmecia rufinodis larva.jpg

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • rufinodis. Myrmecia rufinodis Smith, F. 1858b: 145 (w.) AUSTRALIA (South Australia).
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: Australia: South Australia, Adelaide, “53/8”.
    • Type-depository: BMNH.
    • Clark, 1951: 38 (q.m.).
    • Status as species: Roger, 1861a: 36; Mayr, 1862: 727 (in key); Roger, 1863b: 23; Mayr, 1863: 430; Dalla Torre, 1893: 21; Emery, 1911d: 20; Clark, 1951: 37 (redescription); Brown, 1953j: 8; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 15; Taylor, 1987a: 45; Ogata, 1991a: 358; Ogata & Taylor, 1991: 1637 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 273.
    • Senior synonym of gracilis: Brown, 1953j: 8; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 15; Taylor, 1987a: 45; Ogata & Taylor, 1991: 1629; Bolton, 1995b: 273.
    • Distribution: Australia.
  • gracilis. Myrmecia gracilis Emery, 1898b: 232, fig. 2 (w.) AUSTRALIA (South Australia).
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: Australia: South Australia, Kingskate (= Kingscote) (Tepper).
    • Type-depository: MSNG.
    • Clark, 1938: 358 (q.m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1971d: 250 (l.).
    • Subspecies of crudelis: Emery, 1911d: 19.
    • Status as species: Clark, 1938: 357 (redescription); Clark, 1951: 39 (redescription).
    • Junior synonym of rufinodis: Brown, 1953j: 8; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 15; Taylor, 1987a: 45; Ogata & Taylor, 1991: 1629; Bolton, 1995b: 271.

Type Material

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Myrmecia rufinodis

Holotype worker in The Natural History Museum. Labelled “Adelaide 53/8” and with a det. label “rufinodis type Sm.”

Description

References

  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1953j. Revisionary notes on the ant genus Myrmecia of Australia. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology
111: 1-35 (page 8, Senior synonym of gracilis)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Brown W. L., Jr. 1953. Revisionary notes on the ant genus Myrmecia of Australia. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology
111: 1-35.
  • Clark J. 1938. The Sir Joseph Banks Islands. Reports of the McCoy Society for Field Investigation and Research. Part 10. Formicidae (Hymenoptera). Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria (n.s.)50: 356-382.
  • Taylor R. W. 1987. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41: 1-92.