DuBois (1986) - This species was discovered in three nests of Monomorium minimum. It is presumed to be a social parasite in view of the morphological features it shares with other species of inquilinous Monomorium. Habitat (from notes of M. Talbot): “A high, dry field where vegetation was not dense and small patches of bare sandy soil were numerous. Grasses were mostly Poa compressa and Aristida sp. A variety of scattered forbes included Lespedeza capitata, Liatris aspersa, Rumex acetosella, and Solidago spp. Patches of Polytrichum piliferum moss were large and frequent and the red—tipped lichen, Cladonia cristatella var. vestita, was characteristic.” (DuBois, 1981a).
|At a Glance||• Workerless Inquiline|
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
- 7 References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
DuBois (1986) - A member of the Monomorium minimum species group. Queen Winged; petiole convex; scutum and scutellum convex; metanotum (in lateral view) not projecting to level of propodeum and scutellum; propodeum rounded; clypeus scarcely emarginate, lacking teeth; anterior edge of scutum not projecting over pronotum; no depression on first gastral tergite.
Monomorium talbotae specimens are easily recognized by the relatively small size of the female and male (compared to the size of host male and female) and by their smooth and shining integument. Monomorium talbotae females and males are most likely to be confused with those of Monomorium inquilinum and Monomorium pergandei. The first differs from both the other species since the metanotum does not reach the level of the propodeum and scutellum.
Keys including this Species
- Key to Monomorium males of the New World
- Key to Monomorium queens of the New World
- Key to Monomorium workers of the New World
- Key to US Monomorium species
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- talbotae. Monomorium talbotae DuBois, 1981: 31, fig. 1 (q.m.) U.S.A. See also: DuBois, 1986: 112.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
DuBois (1986) - As described for Monomorium minimum except as follows. Head: (representing type locality; N= 8) HL 0.40-0.48 (0.44), HW 0.39-0.43 (0.40), SL 0.31-0.36 (0.34), IOD 0.09-0.10 (0.10), OD 0.04-0.06 (0.05), EL 0.08-0.09 (0.09), MOD 0.05-0.06 (0.06). Structure—CI 81-98 (92), SIL 74-80 (77), SIW 80-92 (84). In full frontal view, head broadest at or a little below occiput. Eye small in size. Scape reaching or surpassing occiput by an amount less than length of pedicel. Mandible with two teeth; maxillary palp 1-segmented; labial palp 1-segmented. Clypeal teeth absent (emargination greatly reduced where space between teeth should occur). Pilosity—Setae erect to suberect over entire surface of head. Sculpture—Entire surface of head smooth and shining with small to moderate piliferous punctures. Alitrunk: PW 0.27-0.33 (0.32), PL 0.19-0.22 (0.21), WL 0.63-0.72 (0.68). Structure—Mesopleural suture deflected ventrally at posterior end. Metanotum (in lateral view) not projecting to level of propodeum and scutellum. Propodeum rounded, basal and declivitous faces of approximately equal length. PI 30-32 (31). Three to 5 hamuli 0n hindwing. Sculpture—Smooth and shining throughout with small piliferous punctures. Petiole: Setae erect to suberect on all surfaces except venter which lacks setae. Entire surface smooth and shining with small piliferous punctures. Postpetiole: Dorsum of node convex. Anterior subpostpetiolar process enlarged into spine, located medially on venter. Setae erect to suberect on all surfaces, including venter. Entire surface (except dorsum of node) covered with small, dense, non-piliferous punctures. Dorsum of node smooth and shining with small piliferous punctures. Gaster: Setae of first gastral tergite not reaching level of dorsum of postpetiolar node. Color: Head and mandible light brown. Alitrunk and legs light brown, except for light yellow tibiae and tarsi. Petiole, postpetiole, and gaster light brown. All setae white.
DuBois (1986) - Head: (representing type locality; N= 2) HL 0.39-0.43 (0.41), HW 0.42-0.43 (0.42), SL 0.32-0.35 (0.34), IOD 0.07-0.08 (0.08), OD 0.04—0.05 (0.04), EL 0.09-0.10 (0.10), MOD 0.06-0.08 (0.07). Structure—CI 100- 108 (104), SIL 81-82 (82), SIW 76-81 (79). Eye small in size. Mandible with 2 teeth; maxillary palp 1—segmented; labial palp 1-segmented. Clypeal teeth and frontal carinae as in female. Pilosity—As in female. Sculpture—As in female. Alitrunk: PW 0.29-0.30 (0.30), PL 0.20-0.22 (0.21), WL 0.63-0.68 (0.66). Structure—As in female. PI 32 (32). Wings as in female. Pilosity—As in female. Sculpture as in female. Petiole. As in female. Postpetiole: As in female. Gaster. As in female. Genitalia. Eighth sternites with emargination approximately 1/2 as deep as wide. Ninth sternite with 10-12 erect setae. Aedeagus with 7 teeth; toothed margin straight. Color: As in female.
DuBois (1986) - Type series consisting of 8 females and 2 males (DuBois, 1981a): Michigan: Livingston Co., E. S. George Reserve, 30 June 1966, M, Talbot. Holotype (Museum of Comparative Zoology) bears red, handwritten label: Monomorium talbotae M. DuBois 1981 Holotype. Allotype male also in MCZ. Paratypes distributed as follows: 6 females, 1 male (MBDPC), 1 female (KU). Allotype and paratypes bear red, handwritten labels: Monomorium talbotae M. DuBois 1981 Paratype (or Allotype).
- DuBois, M. B. 1981b. Two new species of inquilinous Monomorium from North America (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Univ. Kans. Sci. Bull. 52: 31-37 (page 31, fig. 1 queen, male described)
- DuBois, M. B. 1986. A revision of the native New World species of the ant genus Monomorium (minimum group) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). University of Kansas Science Bulletin. 53(2):65-119.
References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
- Coovert, G.A. 2005. The Ants of Ohio (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Ohio Biological Survey Bulletin New Series Volume 15(2):1-196
- Dean D. A., and S. R. Dean. 2018. A survey of the ant fauna and seasonal alate nuptial flights at two locations in South-Central Texas. Southwestern Entomologist 43(3): 639-647.
- DuBois M. B. 1981. Two new species of inquilinous Monomorium from North America (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). University of Kansas Science Bulletin 52: 31-37.
- DuBois M. B. 1986. A revision of the native New World species of the ant genus Monomorium (minimum group) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Univ. Kans. Sci. Bull. 53: 65-119
- Wheeler G. C., J. N. Wheeler, and P. B. Kannowski. 1994. Checklist of the ants of Michigan (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The Great Lakes Entomologist 26(4): 297-310
- Wheeler, G.C., J. Wheeler and P.B. Kannowski. 1994. CHECKLIST OF THE ANTS OF MICHIGAN (HYMENOPTERA: FORMICIDAE). Great Lakes Entomologist 26:1:297-310