Monacis

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Monacis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Tribe: Dolichoderini
Genus: Monacis
Roger, 1862
Type species
Formica bispinosa, now Dolichoderus bispinosus

Dolichoderus bispinosus casent0173833 profile 1.jpg

Dolichoderus bispinosus casent0173833 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Dolichoderus.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • MONACIS [junior synonym of Dolichoderus]
    • Monacis Roger, 1862a: 233. Type-species: Formica bispinosa, by subsequent designation of Wheeler, W.M. 1911f: 167.
    • Monacis junior synonym of Hypoclinea: Mayr, 1862: 704.
    • Monacis junior synonym of Dolichoderus: Forel, 1878: 386; Dalla Torre, 1893: 156.
    • Monacis revived from synonymy as subgenus of Dolichoderus: Emery, 1894c: 228.
    • Monacis revived status as genus: Brown, 1950e: 249; Kempf, 1959b: 227; Kempf, 1972a: 141.
    • Monacis junior synonym of Dolichoderus: Shattuck, 1992c: 66.


References

  • Ashmead, W. H. 1905c. A skeleton of a new arrangement of the families, subfamilies, tribes and genera of the ants, or the superfamily Formicoidea. Can. Entomol. 37: 381-384 (page 384, Monacis in Dolichoderidae; Monacis as genus)
  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 26, Monacis as junior synonym of Dolichoderus)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 85, Monacis as junior synonym of Dolichoderus)
  • Borgmeier, T. 1923. Catalogo systematico e synonymico das formigas do Brasil. 1 parte. Subfam. Dorylinae, Cerapachyinae, Ponerinae, Dolichoderinae. Arch. Mus. Nac. (Rio J.) 24: 33-103 (page 81, Monacis as subgenus of Dolichoderus)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1950g. Morphological, taxonomic, and other notes on ants. Wasmann J. Biol. 8: 241-250 (page 249, Monacis as genus)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1973b. A comparison of the Hylean and Congo-West African rain forest ant faunas. Pp. 161-185 in: Meggers, B. J., Ayensu, E. S., Duckworth, W. D. (eds.) Tropical forest ecosystems in Africa and South America: a comparative review. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, viii + 350 pp. (page 182, Monacis as junior synonym of Dolichoderus [provisional])
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 156, Monacis as junior synonym of Dolichoderus)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. (page 78, Monacis as genus)
  • Emery, C. 1894d. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. VI-XVI. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 26: 137-241 (page 228, Monacis as subgenus of Dolichoderus)
  • Emery, C. 1913a [1912]. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Dolichoderinae. Genera Insectorum 137: 1-50 (page 9, Monacis in Dolichoderinae, Dolichoderini; Monacis as subgenus of Dolichoderus)
  • Emery, C.; Forel, A. 1879. Catalogue des Formicides d'Europe. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 5: 441-481 (page 455, Monacis as junior synonym of Dolichoderus)
  • Forel, A. 1878c. Études myrmécologiques en 1878 (première partie) avec l'anatomie du gésier des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 15: 337-392 (page 386, Monacis as junior synonym of Dolichoderus)
  • Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 229-253 (page 247, Monacis in Dolichoderinae, Dolichoderini; Monacis as subgenus of Dolichoderus)
  • Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. (page 17, Monacis as genus)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1959c. A revision of the Neotropical ant genus Monacis Roger (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Stud. Entomol. (n.s.) 2: 225-270 (page 227, Monacis as genus)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da regia~o Neotropical. Stud. Entomol. 15: 3-344 (page 141, Monacis as genus)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1972g. A new species of the dolichoderine ant genus Monacis Roger, from the Amazon, with further remarks on the genus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 32: 251-254 (page 253, Monacis as genus)
  • Kusnezov, N. 1956a. Claves para la identificación de las hormigas de la fauna argentina. Idia 104- 105: 1-56 (page 27, Monacis as subgenus of Dolichoderus)
  • Kusnezov, N. 1959. Die Dolichoderinen-Gattungen von Süd-Amerika (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zool. Anz. 162: 38-51 (page 50, Monacis as subgenus of Dolichoderus)
  • Mackay, W. P. 1993b. A review of the New World ants of the genus Dolichoderus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 22: 1-148 (page 6, Monacis as junior synonym of Dolichoderus)
  • Mackay, W. P.; Vinson, S. B. 1989b. A guide to species identification of New World ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 16: 3-47 (page 20, Monacis as genus)
  • Mayr, G. 1862. Myrmecologische Studien. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 12: 649-776 (page 704, Monacis as junior synonym of Hypoclinea)
  • Roger, J. 1862a. Einige neue exotische Ameisen-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 6: 233-254 (page 233, Monacis as genus)
  • Shattuck, S. O. 1992c. Generic revision of the ant subfamily Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 21: 1-181 (page 66, Monacis as junior synonym of Dolichoderus)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1910b. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. (page 142, Monacis as subgenus of Dolichoderus)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1911g. A list of the type species of the genera and subgenera of Formicidae. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 21: 157-175 (page 167, Type-species: Formica bispinosa, by subsequent designation )
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922i. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VII. Keys to the genera and subgenera of ants. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 631-710 (page 688, Monacis as subgenus of Dolichoderus)