Meranoplus mucronatus

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Meranoplus mucronatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Meranoplus
Species: M. mucronatus
Binomial name
Meranoplus mucronatus
Smith, F., 1857

Meranoplus mucronatus casent0217857 p 1 high.jpg

Meranoplus mucronatus casent0217857 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Specimens of this species were collected from rainforest leaf-litter.


Schödl (1998) – Meranoplus mucronatus, the largest species in the Oriental region, is unique by its markedly armed promesonotal shield. Species with a similar armament on the dorsal alitrunk are known only from further easterly regions.

Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia, Malaysia (type locality).
Oriental Region: Thailand.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb





The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • mucronatus. Meranoplus mucronatus Smith, F. 1857a: 82, pl. 2, fig. 6 (w.) WEST MALAYSIA. Viehmeyer, 1916a: 129 (m.). See also: Schödl, 1998: 388.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


Schödl (1998) - TL: 5.8 - 7.1, HL: 1.4 - 1.7, HW- 1 45 - 1 7 CI- 100 - 110 SL- 1.05 - 1.2, SI: 67 - 74, PML: 1.05 - 1.3, PW: 1.3 - 1.65, PMI: 120 - 128 AL- 2-25 (20 measured). Mandibles striate, armed with four teeth. Mid-portion of clypeus distinctly concave medially smooth, laterally rugose, or entire clypeal mid-portion rugose Anterior clypeal margin frequently feebly to distinctly emarginate. Frontal triangle broadly apparent smooth and brilliant. Frons anteriorly with a translucent fenestra above antennal sockets on each side of clypeus. Lateral sides of head above antennal scrobes sinuate above eyes, narrowed towards clypeus, overhanging most of antennal scrobes. Ventral part of head (below antennal scrobes) of similar shape, genae rounded and slightly protruding indistinctly visible from above. Antennal scrobes glabrous anteriorly, occasionally longitudinally striate, and shagreened posteriorly. Genae reticulate-rugulose. Compound eyes situated behind, though close to middle of lateral sides of head. Maximum diameter of eye 0.28 - 0.34, with 14-17 ommatidia in the longest row. Promesonotum slightly wider than long, the shield overhanging sides of alitrunk laterally and propodeum posteriorly. Anterior and posterior corners of promesonotal shield each provided with a very long, acute spine, which is directed in a ca. 45 angle away from the shield. Thus the shield apparently distinctly constricted in posterior half Lateral margins each with a translucent lamellate fenestra which is frequently followed by a second one in front of, or at the base of the posterior spines. Promesonotal suture not visible. Postenor margin with a pair of paramedian short posteriorly directed occasionally bifurcate spines, and with additional shorter, occasionally also bifurcate ones Declivity of propodeum smooth, frequently with an indistinct shagreening, above lateral spines tew longitudinal rugae may occur. Propodeal spines long, very slender and arcuate considerably diverging, situated somewhat above middle of propodeal length An arcuate suture between dorsal alitrunk and propodeum is only indistinctly apparent at the top of the propodeal declivity right beneath mesonotal hind margin, when viewed from behind. Petiole in profile cuneate, in dorsal view the crest a narrow, sharp line, highest in middle when viewed from posteriorly. Anterior petiolar face covered with a pelt of very fine and short pubescence, posterior petiolar face striate, or its middle smooth, with only lateral rugae. Postpetiole nodiform, strongly reticulate-rugulose. First gastral tergite dull entirely shagreened, when studied with higher magnification consisting of a minute reticulum. Dorsum of head and promesonotum reticulate-rugulose. width of meshes ca. 100 - 150 μm Meshes near margins of shield and around base of spines distinctly elongate All dorsal surfaces covered with scattered, stiff, suberect to erect, ca. 200 - 500 μm long hairs Individuals mostly bicoloured with the head, alitrunk, petiole and postpetiole and the appendages ferrugmeus or dark brown, the gaster being darker. Uniformly dark brown to piceous individuals may occur.

Type Material

Schödl (1998) - Holotype worker (The Natural History Museum; examined): "MT OPHIR 24 \ Holotype \ mucronatus Smith \ B.M. TYPE HYM. 1 1.442". Type locality: Mt. Ophir [= Gunong Ledang], Johor, Peninsular Malaysia.


  • Schödl, S. 1998. Taxonomic revision of Oriental Meranoplus F. Smith, 1853 (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien. B. Bot. Zool. 100: 361-394.
  • Smith, F. 1857a. Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects collected at Sarawak, Borneo; Mount Ophir, Malacca; and at Singapore, by A. R. Wallace. [part]. J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool. 2: 42-88 (page 82, pl. 2, fig. 6 worker described)
  • Viehmeyer, H. 1916a [1915]. Ameisen von Singapore. Beobachtet und gesammelt von H. Overbeck. Arch. Naturgesch. (A) 81(8): 108-168 (page 129, male described)