Specimens from Cerro Animas, Uruguay were found under a stone.
Lattke (2011) - Eye relatively flat, laterally situated at mid-length of lateral cephalic margin; mesonotum with curved anterior and posterior margins; metanotal groove scrobiculate, propodeal declivity transversely striate.
Keys including this Species
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The biology of Leptogenys australis is poorly known.
The Leptogenys genus page has more details about the general biology of ants in this genus, some of which is summarized in what follows. New World species have relatively small ranges, generally occur in humid forests and prey on isopods. Colonies may occur in high densities on a local scale, with up to 5 or 6 species present. Nest size tends to be small with just 20 or 30 individuals in a mature colony. Nests of most species may be found in rotten wood on the ground, usually within cavities in logs or large branches, and also beneath bark. Wood-soil and rock-soil interfaces are another common nesting location, as well as rock crevices, and a few species may nest directly in the soil. Reproduction is most commonly via ergatoid females and, in many species, may include egg-laying workers.
Queen, male. Unknown.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- australis. Lobopelta australis Emery, 1888e: 693 (w.) ARGENTINA. Combination in Leptogenys (Lobopelta): Emery, 1911d: 105. Senior synonym of hanseni: Lattke, 2011: 227.
- hanseni. Leptogenys (Lobopelta) hanseni Borgmeier, 1930: 31, pl. 4, figs. 16, 23, 24, 27, 28 (w.q.) BRAZIL. Junior synonym of australis: Lattke, 2011: 227.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Lattke (2011) - In the MCSN collection a single worker, obliquely glued to a carton, was examined. It is apparently the only specimen examined by Emery and is consequently considered the holotype even though Emery did not designate it as such. One of the measured specimens lacks both antennae. The syntypes of L. hanseni in MZSP correspond to L. australis. L. hanseni has the propodeal spiracle slightly ovoid, and the mesonotum a bit more ovoid (not as transverse) than in L. australis but such differences exist amongst conspecifics in other Leptogenys. Borgmeier (1930) did not consider L. australis when discussing other Leptogenys close to L. hanseni. Another syntype of L. hanseni deposited in the IBSP was also examined. The Instituto Butantan specimen is cleaner than the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo specimens.
Lattke (2011) - Metrics (n = 2) : HL 0.94 – 0.94; HW 0.58 – 0.61; ML 0.40 – 0.46; EL 0.10 – 0.13; SL 0.03 – 0.78; PW 0.53 – 0.56; WL 1.32 – 1.37; PH 0.53 – 0.53; PL 0.53 – 0.56; DPW 0.38–0.38 mm. CI 0.62–0.65; MI 0.70–0.75; OI 0.17 – 0.21; SI 0.04 – 1.35; LPI 0.95 – 1.00; DPI 0.68 – 0.71.
Head rectangular in full-face view, lateral margins parallel, straight; posterior margin straight, vertexal carina visible; head width greatest behind eyes; eye relatively flat, lens of each ommatidium fusing with each other, laterally situated at mid-length of lateral cephalic margin; median clypeal process abruptly protrudes anterad, about as long as broad, basally slightly converging then at mid-length tapering to pointed tip. Front of head smooth and shining. Mandible with sinuate basal margin, convex basad and concave apicad; apical half of convexity with row of stiff hairs; chewing margin brief, edentate with blunt apical tooth; dorsum smooth and shining, not expanded apicad into triangular shape. Scape surpasses posterior cephalic border by 2 apical widths, smooth and shining, with abundant semi-erect hairs, funicular segments I–III about same size, apical widths of each segment more than half their respective lengths.
Mesosoma with broadly convex promesonotal margin in lateral view; metanotal groove shallow but distinctly impressed, scrobiculate; dorsal propodeal margin mostly weakly convex to straight, convex towards declivity, tooth bluntly triangular. Mesosoma mostly mostly smooth and shining, some striae present on mesopleuron, and ventral metapleuron. Meso-metapleural suture well impressed, scrobiculate; anteroventral mesopleural carina well developed dorsally, becoming progressively narrower ventrad. Propodeal spiracle rounded to oval, posteriorly facing. Mesonotal dorsal surface convex, wider than long in dorsal view. Propodeal declivity with transverse striae on anterior half, and smooth posterad of teeth. No metapleural-propodeal suture visible.
Petiole in lateral view with vertical anterior and posterior margins, posterior margin about half the height of posterior margin; dorsal margin highest posterad, about as long as posterior margin, with slope most of distance of posterior convexity. Node smooth and shining, posterior face flat and with sharp curves separating it from sides. Node in dorsal view shaped as elongate trapezoid, anterior margin broadly convex, more than two-thirds the width of posterior margin, sides almost straight. Anterior postpetiolar margin vertical. Body light brown, legs, antenna, mandibles ferruginous. Gaster smooth and shining, constriction between abdominal segments III and IV well marked. Scant pilosity observed on examined specimens.
Holotype worker: Argentina, La Plata (C. Spegazzini) (MCSN) [examined].
- Emery, C. 1888e. Alcune formiche della Repubblica Argentina raccolte dal Dott. C. Spegazzini. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 26[=(2)(6): 690-694 (page 693, worker described)
- Emery, C. 1911e. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125 (page 105, Combination in Leptogenys (Lobopelta))
- Lattke, J.E. 2011. Revision of the New World species of the genus Leptogenys Roger (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae). Arthropod Systematics & Phylogeny. 69:127-264.