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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Chalepoxenus
Menozzi, 1923
Type species
Chalepoxenus gribodoi (junior synonym of Temnothorax muellerianus)

Chalepoxenus muellerianus casent0101880 profile 1.jpg

Chalepoxenus muellerianus casent0101880 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Temnothorax.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • CHALEPOXENUS [junior synonym of Temnothorax]
    • Chalepoxenus Menozzi, 1923a: 257. Type-species: Chalepoxenus gribodoi (junior synonym of Leptothorax muellerianus), by monotypy.
    • [Name of type-species initially misspelled gridoboi, p. 257; correct spelling as gribodoi, p. 258.]
    • Chalepoxenus senior synonym of Leonomyrma: Buschinger, 1987: 117.
    • Chalepoxenus junior synonym of Temnothorax: Ward et al., 2014: 15.
  • LEONOMYRMA [junior synonym of Chalepoxenus]
    • Leonomyrma Arnol'di, 1968: 1809. Type-species: Leonomyrma spinosa, by original designation.
    • Leonomyrma junior synonym of Chalepoxenus: Buschinger, 1987: 117.


  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 105, Chalepoxenus in Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 245, Chalepoxenus in Myrmicinae, Formicoxenini)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1973b. A comparison of the Hylean and Congo-West African rain forest ant faunas. Pp. 161-185 in: Meggers, B. J., Ayensu, E. S., Duckworth, W. D. (eds.) Tropical forest ecosystems in Africa and South America: a comparative review. Wash (page 179, Chalepoxenus provisional junior synonym of Leptothorax)
  • Buschinger, A. 1987b. Synonymy of Leonomyrma Arnoldi 1968 with Chalepoxenus Menozzi 1922 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Psyche (Camb.) 94: 117-126 (page 117, Chalepoxenus senior synonym of Leonomyrma)
  • Buschinger, A., Cagniant, H., Erhardt, W., & Heinze, J. 1989. Chalepoxenus brunneus, a workerless "degenerate slave-maker" ant. Psyche 95 (1988): 253-264. []
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943g. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [part]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 617-688 (page 632, Chalepoxenus in Myrmicinae, Leptothoracini)
  • Ehrhardt, W. 1987. Biosystematics of the slavemaking ant genus Chalepoxenus. Pp. 39-40 in: Eder, J.; Rembold, H. (eds.) 1987. Chemistry and biology of social insects. München: Verlag J. Peperny, xxxv + 757 pp.
  • Kutter, H. 1973e. Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Chalepoxenus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae). Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 46: 269-280 (page 269, Chalepoxenus valid genus)
  • Kutter, H. 1973e. Zur Taxonomie der Gattung Chalepoxenus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae). Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 46: 269-280 (page 269, Revision of genus)
  • Menozzi, C. 1923a [1922]. Nota su un nuovo genere e nuova specie di formica parassita. Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Milano 61: 256-260 (page 257, Chalepoxenus as genus [Name of type-species initially misspelled gridoboi, p.257; corect spelling as gribodoi, p.258.])
  • Radchenko, A. G. 1989b. The ants of the genus Chalepoxenus (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the USSR fauna. Vestn. Zool. 2: 37-41 (page 37, Revision of genus)