Bothroponera talpa

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Bothroponera talpa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Bothroponera
Species complex: talpa
Species: B. talpa
Binomial name
Bothroponera talpa
André, 1890

Pachycondyla talpa sam-hym-c007964 profile 1.jpg

Pachycondyla talpa sam-hym-c007964 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels



Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 49.78306° to -0.317°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Guinea, Kenya, Senegal, Sierra Leone (type locality), Uganda.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Bothroponera clavicornis hef.jpgBothroponera clavicornis hal.jpgBothroponera clavicornis had.jpgBothroponera clavicornis lbs.jpg
. Owned by Museum of Comparative Zoology.
Bothroponera talpa Q hef1.jpgBothroponera talpa Q hal.jpgBothroponera talpa Q had.jpgBothroponera talpa Q lbs.jpg
. Owned by Museum of Comparative Zoology.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • talpa. Bothroponera talpa André, 1890: 316 (w.) SIERRA LEONE.
    • Emery, 1899e: 473 (q.); Santschi, 1914d: 314 (q.).
    • Combination in Pachycondyla (Bothroponera): Emery, 1901a: 45;
    • combination in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 310;
    • combination in Bothroponera: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 72; Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, 2014: 76.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 37; Emery, 1899e: 473; Santschi, 1914d: 314; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 73, 773; Bolton, 1975b: 6; Bolton, 1995b: 310; Hita Garcia, et al. 2013: 221.
    • Senior synonym of clavicornis: Bolton, 1975b: 6; Bolton, 1995b: 310.
    • Current subspecies: nominal plus variolata.
  • clavicornis. Psalidomyrmex clavicornis Bernard, 1953b: 209, fig. 5A (q.) GUINEA.
    • Combination in Bothroponera: Bolton, 1975b: 6.
    • Junior synonym of talpa: Bolton, 1975b: 6; Bolton, 1995b: 304.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Abera-Kalibata A. M., C. S. Gold, R. G. Van Driesche, and P. E. Ragama. 2007. Composition, distribution, and relative abundance of ants in banana farming systems in Uganda. Biological Control 40: 168-178.
  • André E. 1890. Matériaux pour servir à la faune myrmécologique de Sierra-Leone (Afrique occidentale). Rev. Entomol. (Caen) 9: 311-327.
  • Emery C. 1899. Fourmis d'Afrique. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 43: 459-504.
  • Garcia F.H., Wiesel E. and Fischer G. 2013.The Ants of Kenya (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)—Faunal Overview, First Species Checklist, Bibliography, Accounts for All Genera, and Discussion on Taxonomy and Zoogeography. Journal of East African Natural History, 101(2): 127-222
  • IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection
  • Nsengimana V., K. A. Beth, F. Frederic, K. M. M. Lombart, D. Wouter, and N. Donat. 2018. Use of soil and litter ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) as biological indicators of soil quality under different land uses in Southern Rwanda. Environmental Entomology 47(6): 1394-1401.
  • Ross S. R. P. J., F. Hita Garcia, G. Fischer, and M. K. Peters. 2018. Selective logging intensity in an East African rain forest predicts reductions in ant diversity. Biotropica 1-11.
  • Santschi F. 1914. Formicides de l'Afrique occidentale et australe du voyage de Mr. le Professeur F. Silvestri. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura. Portici 8: 309-385.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. II. The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 39-269.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 711-1004
  • Yeo K., and A. Hormenyo. 2007. A Rapid Survey of Ants in Ajenjua Bepo and Mamang River Forest Reserves, Eastern Region of Ghana. Pp 27-29. In McCullough, J., P. Hoke, P. Naskrecki, and Y. Osei-Owusu (eds.). 2008. A Rapid Biological Assessment of the Ajenjua Bepo and Mamang River Forest Reserves, Ghana. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 50. Conservation International, Arlington, VA, USA.