Anochetus isolatus

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Anochetus isolatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Anochetus
Species: A. isolatus
Binomial name
Anochetus isolatus
Mann, 1919

Anochetus isolatus ANIC32-016928 side 25-AntWiki.jpg

Anochetus isolatus ANIC32-016928 top 25-AntWiki.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

This is a wide ranging species known from the Philippines south to the Solomon Islands and westward to the tip of Cape York Peninsula, Queensland. It is one of only two Australian Anochetus species which also occurs outside Australia. It is found in rainforest where it nests in rotten wood.

Identification

The distinctive shape of the petiolar node, being drawn dorsally into a narrow, blunt point, will separate this species from all others in Australia. Additionally, the pronotum is relatively narrower and the eye relatively smaller than in most other Australian species.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 11° to -11.71667004°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia.
Indo-Australian Region: Indonesia (type locality), New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Castes

Worker

Queen

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • isolatus. Anochetus cato subsp. isolatus Mann, 1919: 302, fig. 11 (w.m.) SOLOMON IS (Santa Cruz I., Three Sisters Is).
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated, “several small colonies”).
    • Type-locality: Solomon Is: Santa Cruz I., Graciosa Bay (W.M. Mann).
    • Type-depository: MCZC.
    • Subspecies of cato: Wheeler, W.M. 1935g: 15.
    • Status as species: Wilson, 1959a: 508; Taylor, 1976a: 80; Brown, 1978c: 557, 585; Bolton, 1995b: 64; Shattuck & Slipinska, 2012: 13 (redescription); Zettel, 2012: 158 (in key); Sarnat, et al. 2013: 73.
    • Senior synonym of rossi Donisthorpe, 1949c: Brown, 1978c: 557; Bolton, 1995b: 64; Shattuck & Slipinska, 2012: 13.
    • Senior synonym of splendens: Brown, 1978c: 557; Bolton, 1995b: 64; Shattuck & Slipinska, 2012: 13.
  • rossi. Anochetus rossi Donisthorpe, 1949c: 747 (w.q.) NEW GUINEA (Papua New Guinea).
    • Type-material: 1 syntype worker, 1 syntype queen.
    • Type-locality: worker Papua New Guinea: Finschafen, 27.iv.1944 (E.S. Ross); queen with same data but 12.v.1944.
    • Type-depository: CASC.
    • [Unresolved junior primary homonym of Anochetus rossi Donisthorpe, 1947d: 186 (Bolton, 1995b: 65).]
    • Junior synonym of isolatus: Brown, 1978c: 557; Bolton, 1995b: 65; Shattuck & Slipinska, 2012: 13.
  • splendens. Anochetus splendens Karavaiev, 1925c: 289, fig. 11 (q.) INDONESIA (Aru Is).
    • Type-material: holotype queen.
    • Type-locality: Indonesia: Aru Is, Wammar, Nr. 2673, at light (W. Karawaiew).
    • Type-depository: SIZK.
    • Status as species: Chapman & Capco, 1951: 42; Wilson, 1959a: 509.
    • Junior synonym of isolatus: Brown, 1978c: 557; Bolton, 1995b: 65; Shattuck & Slipinska, 2012: 13.

Type Material

  • Anochetus cato isolatus: Syntype, worker(s) and male(s), "several small colonies" from Graciosa Bay, Santa Cruz Island, Solomon Islands, Museum of Comparative Zoology.
  • Anochetus rossi: Syntype, 1 worker, 1 queen, Finschhafen, Papua New Guiniea, California Academy of Sciences.
  • Anochetus splendens: Holotype, queen, Wammar, Aru Island, Indonesia.

Taxonomic Notes

The concept of this species adopted by Shattuck & Slipinska (2012) follows that developed by Brown (1978), noting that Brown left many questions concerning the taxonomy of this species and close relatives unanswered. The specific specimens examined match each other very closely in sculpturing and show minimal variation in colour. However, a wide range of additional material is present in ANIC which varies from this pattern in the development of sculpturing and colour, most of which was outlined by Brown (1978). The true status of this and related species will require a detailed study of this additional material.

Description

Worker description. Sculpturing on front of head extending slightly beyond eyes. Scapes just reaching posterolateral corners ('lobes') of head; lacking or with a few short, inclined erect hairs. Pronotum and mesonotum smooth and shining. Dorsal surface of propodeum with transverse striations which extend laterally to the level of the spiracle and propodeal lobe. Propodeal angles rounded. Metanotal groove with coarse striations. Petiolar node drawn dorsally into a narrow point, lacking sculpture. Erect hairs on hind tibiae short, scattered and inclined. Colour dark brown, petiole, gaster and legs yellow to yellow-red, antennae, mandibles and posterior corners of head slightly lighter in colour than remainder of head capsule.

Measurements. Worker (n = 5): CI 86–90; EI 12–15; EL 0.15–0.20; HL 1.39–1.72; HW 1.25–1.49; HFL 1.14–1.38; ML 1.68–1.99; MandL 0.76–0.93; MTL 0.82–1.04; PronI 53–55; PronW 0.68–0.80; SL 1.09–1.29; SI 87–91.

References

  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1978c. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section B. Genus Anochetus and bibliography. Stud. Entomol. 20: 549-638 (page 557, senior synonym of rossi and splendens)
  • Mann, W. M. 1919. The ants of the British Solomon Islands. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 63: 273-391 (page 302, fig. 11 worker, male described)
  • Shattuck, S.O. & Slipinska, E. 2012. Revision of the Australian species of the ant genus Anochetus (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Zootaxa 3426, 1–28.
  • Wilson, E. O. 1959c. Studies on the ant fauna of Melanesia V. The tribe Odontomachini. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 120: 483-510 (page 508, raised to species)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Brown Jr., W.L. 1978. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, Tribe Ponerini, Subtribe Odontomachiti, Section B. Genus Anochetus and Bibliography. Studia Entomologia 20(1-4): 549-XXX
  • Brown W.L. Jr. 1978. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section B. Genus Anochetus and bibliography. Studia Ent. 20(1-4): 549-638.
  • CSIRO Collection
  • Chapman, J. W., and Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monogr. Inst. Sci. Technol. Manila 1: 1-327
  • Donisthorpe H. 1949. A sixth instalment of the Ross Collection of ants from New Guinea. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (12)1: 744-759.
  • Janda M., G. D. Alpert, M. L. Borowiec, E. P. Economo, P. Klimes, E. Sarnat, and S. O. Shattuck. 2011. Cheklist of ants described and recorded from New Guinea and associated islands. Available on http://www.newguineants.org/. Accessed on 24th Feb. 2011.
  • Karavaiev V. 1925. Ponerinen (Fam. Formicidae) aus dem Indo-Australischen Gebiet. (Schluss). Konowia 4: 276-296.
  • Karavaiev V. 1926. Ameisen aus dem Indo-Australischen Gebiet. Treubia 8: 413-445.
  • Mann W. M. 1919. The ants of the British Solomon Islands. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 63:273-391.
  • Mann, W.M. 1919. The ants of the British Solomon Islands. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology of Harvard College 63: 273-391
  • Shattuck S. O., and E. Slipinska. 2012. Revision of the Australian species of the ant genus Anochetus (Hymeoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 3426: 1-28.
  • Taylor R. W. 1976. The ants of Rennell and Bellona Islands. Natural History of Rennell Island, British Solomon Islands 7: 73-90.
  • Wheeler W.M. 1935. Check list of the ants of Oceania. Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum 11(11):1-56.
  • Wheeler, William Morton.1935.Checklist of the Ants of Oceania.Occasional Papers 11(11): 3-56
  • Wilson E. O. 1959. Studies on the ant fauna of Melanesia V. The tribe Odontomachini. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 120: 483-510.