Anochetus annetteae

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Anochetus annetteae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Anochetus
Species: A. annetteae
Binomial name
Anochetus annetteae
Sharaf, 2017

Sharaf, M.R., Monks, Ja.jpg

Sharaf, M.R., Monks, Jb.jpg

The type locality of the new species is a large date palm plantation (Phoenix dactylifera L.). A single specimen was found in moist soil under the base of a date palm tree and collected by digging around a palm tree where an unidentified species of termite was also observed nesting. The two paratype specimens were found foraging on the ground and collected by leaf litter sifting. (Sharaf et al. 2017)


Sharaf et al. (2017) - Anochetus annetteae is a member of the Anochetus graeffei-group as defined by Brown (1978). Anochetus annetteae appears most similar to Anochetus yerburyi, described from Sri Lanka, but is easily distinguished by the paler color, the smaller eyes (EI 12–15, with six to eight ommatidia in the longest row); the shorter scapes that fail to reach the posterior margin of the head in full-face view; the irregular and weaker pronotal and mesonotal sculpture. Anochetus yerburyi has a red-brown mesosoma, dark brown gaster, and yellow head and petiole; the eyes are distinctly larger (EI 21) with about 16 ommatidia in the longest row; the scapes longer when laid back from their insertions, reaching the posterior margin of the head; the pronotal sculpture is regularly circular.

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 23.49327° to 23.45336°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia.
Palaearctic Region: Oman (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.


Sharaf et al. 2017. Figure 10. Type locality of Anochetus annettae (M. Sharaf, photographer).



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • annetteae. Anochetus annetteae Sharaf, in Sharaf, Monks, et al. 2017: 81, figs. 3, 7-9 (w.) OMAN.
    • Type-material: holotype worker, 2 paratype workers.
    • Type-locality: holotype Oman: Hibra Village, Nakhl Region, 5.iv.2016, 23.49327°N, 57.83421°E, 190 m., MRS0311 (M.R. Sharaf); paratypes with same data.
    • Type-depositories: KSMA (holotype); CASC, ONHM (paratypes).
    • [Note: original description cites 1 paratype BMNH, but Sharaf, Fisher, et al. 2018: 33, cite CASC.]
    • Status as species: Sharaf, Fisher, et al. 2018: 33.
    • Distribution: Oman.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Holotype. EL 0.12, HL 0.92, HW 0.85, MDL 0.47, ML 1.17, PNH 0.45, PNL 0.17, PNW 0.27, PW0.50, SL 0.67, TL 4.20; Indices: CI 92, EI 14, MDI 51, PNI 265, SI 79.

Paratype. EL 0.10–0.12, HL 0.90–1.15, HW 0.82, MDL 0.50–0.52, ML 1.10–1.20, PNH 0.45–0.47, PNL 0.15, PNW 0.25–0.27, PW 0.50, SL 0.72–0.82, TL 3.35–3.57; Indices: CI 71–91, EI 12–15, MDI 45–56, PNI 300–313, SI 88–100 (n=2).

Head: Subrectangular in full-face view; posterior margin strongly concave; lateral margins of head feebly concave and broad at eye level; scapes relatively short (SI 79–100), when laid back from their insertions failing to reach posterior margin of head; second funicular segment as long as broad; remaining funicular segments distinctly longer than broad; eyes small (EI 12–15) with six to eight ommatidia in longest row; mandibles long, broader apically, with three teeth, the middle tooth half the length of the other two teeth; ventral mandibular margin when seen in lateral view with six blunt denticles; concealed by dorsal internal mandibular margin in full-face view. Mesosoma: In profile with a flat dorsal outline, and with shallow but distinct promesonotal suture and metanotal groove; promesonotal suture appears as transverse line in dorsal view; propodeal dorsum meets declivity in a right angle; propodeal spiracle circular, situated above midline of metapleuron in profile. Petiole: Triangular in profile, with sharp pointed dorsum; subpetiolar process well-developed and rounded ventrally; petiole in profile as high as propodeum. Sculpture: Parallel rugae between frontal carinae running mesad behind midlength of head, remaining cephalic surface and mandibles smooth and shining; pronotal and mesonotal dorsa, and propleura irregularly rugulose; propodeal dorsum reticulate-rugose; propodeal declivity in dorsocaudal view with about 16 transverse rugae; mesopleuron distinctly smooth and shining; metapleuron transversally striate; petiole nearly smooth and shining; gaster superficially shagreened, dull with few smooth and shining small areas. Pilosity: Cephalic surface, antennae, and mandibles with appressed pubescence; mesosomal dorsum and petiole with abundant, short, suberect hairs; gaster with abundant hairs which are longer than mesosoma hairs. Colour: Head, mesopleuron, lower half of metapleuron, petiole, and legs yellow, mesosomal dorsum, propleuron and upper half of metapleuron yellow brown; first and second gastral tergites dark brown, remaining of gaster yellow brown.

Type Material

Holotype worker.—Sultanate of Oman, Hibra village, Nakhl Region, 05.iv.2016, 23.49327°N, 57.83421°E, 190 m, (M.R. Sharaf) (MRS0311). Paratypes: 2 workers with same data as the holotype. The holotype is deposited in King Saud Museum of Arthropods, 1 paratype specimen in The Natural History Museum and 1 in Oman Natural History Museum.


The patronym annetteae honors Dr. Annette Patzelt, the Scientific Director of the Oman Botanic Garden in Muscat.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Monks J., S. Ross, M. Geiser, J. De Prins, M. Sharaf, N. Wyatt, S. Al Rijeibi, and A. Polaszek. 2019. A preliminary survey of the insect fauna of the Hajar Mountain Range, Oman. Journal of Natural History 53(15-16): 939-963.
  • Sharaf M. R., B. L. Fisher, H. M. Al Dhafer, A. Polaszek, and A. S. Aldawood. 2018. Additions to the ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Oman: an updated list, new records and a description of two new species. Asian Myrmecology 10: e010004