Acropyga keira

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Acropyga keira
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Plagiolepidini
Genus: Acropyga
Species: A. keira
Binomial name
Acropyga keira
LaPolla, 2004

Acropyga keira casent0619182 p 1 high.jpg

Acropyga keira casent0619182 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Workers and males were collected from a nest in July, but otherwise nothing is known of its natural history.

Identification

Lapolla (2004) - Worker: 9 segmented antennae (but see description); mesosoma with short, appressed hairs, giving it a bare appearance; mandible with 3 teeth. Queen: unknown. Male: 11 segmented antennae; parameres roughly rectangular, covered in hairs of varying lengths, with thickest concentration toward the middle. Compare with Acropyga exsanguis and Acropyga romeo.

The short appressed hairs that cover A. keira are the main distinguishing characteristic of the worker. Nonetheless, A. keira workers can be difficult to distinguish from other members of the goeldii complex, especially from Acropyga exsanguis workers. A. keira has very few erect to suberect hairs on the mesosoma, and when present they are only found on the posterior region of the pronotum, whereas A. exsanguis always has abundant erect to suberect hairs on the mesosoma. The head of A. keira is also typically longer than broad, while in A. exsanguis the head is typically broader or at least as broad as long.

The best way to confirm A. keira is with male specimens, which are very distinct from A. exsanguis and other closely related species. The penis valve of A. keira is unique in that it is shorter (as measured from apodeme to caudal tip) than other goeldii complex members, and the laterally expanded, flattened tips are distinctly large relative to the whole structure.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Costa Rica (type locality).

This species is known only from its type locality in Costa Rica.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Jack Longino: The type series of this species is from La Selva Biological Station. Longino collected from a nest in the Arboretum, a small park-like clearing surrounded by mature rainforest. Galleries were discovered in clay soil about 10cm deep. There were workers and abundant adult males. The galleries were penetrated by fine plant roots on which were clustered many small, white, globose Coccoidea.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • keira. Acropyga keira LaPolla, 2004a: 53, figs. 22, 41 (w.m.) COSTA RICA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

(n=4): TL: 2. 14-2.23; HW: 0.491-0.513; HL: 0.532-0.543; SL: 0.39-0.413; ML: 0.588-0.609; GL: 1.02-1.1; CI: 90.9-95.5; SI: 76.8-82.1.

Head: yellow; head longer than broad; covered in layer of short appressed hairs; posterior margin slightly concave; 9 segmented, incrassate antennae (note that males have 11 segments suggesting workers could have up to 10 segments); scape reaches or fails to reach posterior margin by about half length of pedicel; clypeus narrow, convex and covered in thick layer of suberect to erect hairs of varying lengths; mandible with 3 teeth; gap exists between anterior clypeal margin and inner mandibular margin. Mesosoma: yellow; pronotum in lateral view rises steeply toward mesonotum; covered in thin layer of short appressed hairs, except along posterior end where several erect hairs are present; mesonotum nearly at level of propodeum, covered in layer of short appressed hairs; metanotal area distinct; propodeum with layer of short appressed hairs; declivity steep. Gaster: petiole thick and erect; gaster yellow; covered in appressed hairs, with scattered erect hairs throughout, especially along posterior segmental margins.

Queen

Queens are not known for this species.

Male

(n=2): TL: 1.93-2.09; HW: 0.369-0.378; HL: 0.406-0.407; SL: 0.35-0.354; ML: 0.624-0.741; GL: 0.901-0.947; CI: 90.9-93.0; SI: 92.6-95.9

Head: brownish-yellow, darker toward apex around 3 prominent ocelli; head about as broad as long; posterior margin broadly rounded, with rounded posterolateral comers; eyes large, breaking outline of head in full frontal view; 11 segmented antennae; scape surpasses posterior margin by about half length of pedicel; clypeus slightly convex, covered in a dense layer of suberect to erect hairs; mandible typically with 2 teeth separated by a diastema; occasionally a small tooth develops near apical tooth, making mandible 3-toothed; a gap exists between anterior clypeal margin and inner mandibular margin. Mesosoma: yellow; pronotum collar-like, overarched by mesonotum, which is rounded anteriorly; mesonotum flat covered with layer of short appressed hairs; propodeum broadly rounded into an indistinct declivity. Gaster: petiole thick and erect; gaster yellow; covered in layer of short appressed hairs. Genitalia: parameres rectangular, coming to a point dorsocaudally; parameres mostly covered in layer of hairs of varying lengths, longest near middle of parameres, and then parameres bare toward base; cuspi cylindrical, bending toward apices with a number of short, peg-like teeth; digiti anvil-shaped, bent toward cuspi, meeting them dorsally, where there are a series of short peg-like teeth.

Type Material

Holotype worker, COSTA RICA: Heredia, La Selva Biological Station, elev. 50-150 m, 10026' N, 840 I' W (J. Longino) (INBC); 1 paratype worker, 1 paratype male, same locality as holotype (MCZC). The holotype is labeled JSL TYPE # 102.

Etymology

The specific epithet keira is Greek for cut short, in reference to the distinctly short hairs that are found on the head and mesosoma.

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • INBio Collection (via Gbif)
  • LaPolla J.S. 2004. Acropyga (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the world. Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 33(3): 1-130.
  • Longino J. T., and R. K. Colwell. 2011. Density compensation, species composition, and richness of ants on a neotropical elevational gradient. Ecosphere 2(3): 16pp.