Tetraponera crassiuscula

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Tetraponera crassiuscula
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Pseudomyrmecinae
Genus: Tetraponera
Species: T. crassiuscula
Binomial name
Tetraponera crassiuscula
(Emery, 1900)

Tetraponera crassiuscula casent0281871 p 1 high.jpg

Tetraponera crassiuscula casent0281871 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

A collection from Kepong, Malaysia (leg. Maschwitz) was made from twigs of Rhizophoraceae. A worker from Umas Umas, Borneo was taken “ex trunks, tops, recently felled trees, rainforest”.


A member of the Tetraponera allaborans species-group.

Ward (2001) - Tetraponera crassiuscula belongs to a group of closely related taxa, here termed the T. modesta-complex. Three morphotypes can be tentatively recognised: T. crassiuscula, a dark brown form with a short, broad petiole (worker PLI 0.60-0.68); Tetraponera modesta, a smaller, yellow or orange-brown species, with more slender petiole (PLI 0.45-0.59); and Tetraponera extenuata, similar to T. modesta but with relatively large, mostly black workers. Sympatric associations of at least two of the three forms are known from some localities (Bukit Timah, Singapore: T. extenuata and T. modesta; Pasoh Forest, Malaysia: T. crassiuscula, T. extenuata and T. modesta; Poring Spring, Malaysia: T. extenuata and T. modesta), suggesting that they represent good species. Not all collections can be easily assigned to one of these three taxa, however.

Keys including this Species


T. crassiuscula is known from Thailand, peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, and Borneo.

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 8.95° to -1.466666667°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo, Indonesia (type locality), Malaysia, Singapore.
Oriental Region: Thailand.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.


Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.






The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • crassiuscula. Sima allaborans subsp. crassiuscula Emery, 1900d: 677, fig. 6 (w.) INDONESIA (Sumatra). Combination in S. (Tetraponera): Viehmeyer, 1916a: 117; Emery, 1921f: 25; in Tetraponera: Crawley, 1924: 390; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 78. Raised to species: Ward, 2001: 611.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Ward (2001) - HW 0.53-0.61, HL 0.66-0.73, LHT 0.45-0.52, CI 0.73-0.84, FCI 0.08-0.11, REL 0.36-0.40, REL2 0.46-0.50, SI 0.60-0.66, SI3 1.24-1.36, FI 0.40-0.43, PLI 0.60-0.68, PWI 0.46-0.54, PDI 1.14-1.26, LHT/HW 0.81-0.91, CSC 1-10, MSC 1-19.

Small species; median clypeal lobe narrow but moderately prominent, furnished with three blunt denticles; anterior margin of clypeal lobe slightly exceeding the reach of the anterolateral margins of the clypeus; profemur slender; lateral margins of pronotum soft-edged, convex in dorsal view, and corresponding to the maximum width of pronotum; mesopropodeal impression deep but somewhat short (from anterior to posterior ends), lacking metanotal plate; propodeum high and narrow, such that PDI > 1.12; petiole relatively short, with a prominent node (PL 0.38-0.46, PLISL 1.09-1.19; see also PLI and PWI values). Integument smooth and shiny, with scattered fine punctures (c. 0.01 mm diameter) and fine irregular lineations; lower malar area longitudinally carinate; weak carinulae variably developed (may be absent) on side of posterior mesosoma. Pilosity variable (MSC 1-19), but tending to be more common than in related taxa; some workers with four or more standing hairs (>0.05 mm in length) visible in profile on each of the following: dorsum of head, pronotum, mesonotum, petiole and postpetiole; such setae grading into shorter decumbent and appressed hairs; in other specimens standing pilosity much sparser (or abraded). Dark brown, with lighter brown petiole, postpetiole, pronotum and appendages; legs concolorous medium brown.

Type Material

Ward (2001) - Syntypes, 2 workers, D. Tolong, Sumatra, Indonesia (E. Modigliani) (Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa).


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Chapman, J. W., and Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monogr. Inst. Sci. Technol. Manila 1: 1-327
  • Crawley W.C. 1924. Ants from Sumatra, with biological notes by Edward Jacobson. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (9)13: 380-409
  • Emery C. Formiche raccolte da Elio Modigliani in Sumatra, Engano e Mentawei. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale 40: 661-722.
  • Emery, C. "Formiche raccolte da Elio Modigliani in Sumatra, Engano e Mentawei." Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) (2) 20, no. 40 (1900): 661-722.
  • Jaitrong W.; Nabhitabhata, J. 2005. A list of known ant species of Thailand. The Thailand Natural History Museum Journal 1(1): 9-54.
  • Pfeiffer M.; Mezger, D.; Hosoishi, S.; Bakhtiar, E. Y.; Kohout, R. J. 2011. The Formicidae of Borneo (Insecta: Hymenoptera): a preliminary species list. Asian Myrmecology 4:9-58
  • Ward P. S. 2001. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of the ant genus Tetraponera (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Oriental and Australian regions. Invertebrate Taxonomy 15: 589-665.
  • Ward, P. S. 2001. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of the ant genus Tetraponera (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Oriental and Australian regions. Invertebrate Taxonomy 15:589-665.