AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
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Temporal range: Fossil
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Plagiolepidini
Genus: Rhopalomyrmex
Mayr, 1868
Type species
Rhopalomyrmex pygmaeus

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Plagiolepis.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • RHOPALOMYRMEX [junior synonym of Plagiolepis]
    • Rhopalomyrmex Mayr, 1868c: 41. Type-species: †Rhopalomyrmex pygmaeus, by monotypy.
    • Rhopalomyrmex junior synonym of Plagiolepis: Dlussky, 1997: 59.


  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 51, Rhopalomyrmex in Formicinae, Plagiolepidini)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 105, 268, Rhopalomyrmex as junior synonym of Plagiolepis; Plagiolepis senior synonym of Anacantholepis)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 175, Rhopalomyrmex in Camponotinae)
  • Dlussky, G. M. 1997b. Genera of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Baltic amber. Paleontol. Zh. 31: 616-627 (page 624, Rhopalomyrmex as junior synonym of Plagiolepis)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943h. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [concl.]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 721-737 (page 724, Rhopalomyrmex in Formicinae, Plagiolepidini)
  • Forel, A. 1878c. Études myrmécologiques en 1878 (première partie) avec l'anatomie du gésier des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 15: 337-392 (page 376, Rhopalomyrmex in Camponotinae [Camponotidae])
  • Forel, A. 1912j. Formicides néotropiques. Part VI. 5me sous-famille Camponotinae Forel. Mém. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 20: 59-92 (page 89, Rhopalomyrmex in Camponotinae, Myrmelachistini)
  • Mayr, G. 1868c. Die Ameisen des baltischen Bernsteins. Beitr. Naturkd. Preuss. 1: 1-102 (page 41, Rhopalomyrmex in Formicinae [Formicidae])
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1910b. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. (page 143, Rhopalomyrmex in Camponotinae, Plagiolepidini)
  • Wheeler, W.M. 1915i. The ants of the Baltic Amber. Schriften der Physikalisch-Ökonomischen Gesellschaft zu Königsberg 55: 1-142. (page 103, Rhopalomyrmex in Camponotinae, Plagiolepidini)