Pharaophanes

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Pharaophanes
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Pharaophanes
Bernard, 1967
Type species
Formica pharaonis, now Monomorium pharaonis

Monomorium pharaonis casent0104095 profile 1.jpg

Monomorium pharaonis casent0104095 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Monomorium.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • PHARAOPHANES [junior synonym of Monomorium]
    • Pharaophanes Bernard, 1967: 168, attributed to Santschi [as subgenus of Monomorium]. Type-species: Formica pharaonis, by monotypy.
    • Pharaophanes junior synonym of Monomorium: Bolton, 2003: 213.
    • [Pharaophanes Bernard, 1953b: 238, attributed to Santschi [as subgenus of Monomorium]. Unavailable name; proposed without designation of type-species. Species included by Bernard (1953b) are all referable to Monomorium: Bolton, 1987: 288; Bolton, 1995b: 42 (see also note in Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 90).]


References

  • Bernard, F. 1967a [1968]. Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. (page 168, Pharaophanes (attributed to Santschi) as subgenus of Monomorium)
  • Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 54: 263-452 (page 288, [Pharaophanes Bernard, 1953:238 (attributed to Santschi) [as subgenus of Monomorium]. Unavailable name: proposed without designation of type-species. Species included by Bernard (1953) are all referable to Monomorium])
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 42, Pharaophanes Bernard 1953,unavailable name)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 213, Pharaophanes Bernard 1967 as junior synonym of Monomorium [Pharaophanes Bernard, 1953b: 238 (attributed to Santschi) [as subgenus of Monomorium]. Unavailable name; proposed without designation of type-species. Species included by Bernard (1953b) are all r)