Paracryptocerus

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Paracryptocerus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Paracryptocerus
Emery, 1915
Type species
Cryptocerus spinosus, now Cephalotes spinosus

Cephalotes spinosus P casent0217844.jpg

Cephalotes spinosus D casent0217844.jpg

Specimen Label

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Cephalotes.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • PARACRYPTOCERUS [junior synonym of Cephalotes]
    • Paracryptocerus Emery, 1915i: 192 [as subgenus of Cryptocerus]. Type-species: Cryptocerus spinosus, by original designation.
    • Paracryptocerus raised to genus: Smith, M.R. 1949c: 20; Kempf, 1951: 153.
    • Paracryptocerus senior synonym of Cyathocephalus (homonym), Cyathomyrmex, Harnedia: Kempf, 1972a: 175.
    • Paracryptocerus junior synonym of Zacryptocerus: Kempf, 1973c: 460.
    • Paracryptocerus junior synonym of Cephalotes: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 59.


References

  • Baroni Urbani, C.; de Andrade, M. L. 1999. [Untitled. Cephalotes bloosi Baroni Urbani & de Andrade new species.] Pp. 549-551 in: De Andrade, M. L., Baroni Urbani, C. Diversity and adaptation in the ant genus Cephalotes, past and present. Stuttg. Beitr. Naturk. Ser. B (Geol. Paläontol.) 271:1-889. (page 59, Paracryptocerus junior synonym of Cephalotes)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 195, Paracryptocerus as junior synonym of Cephalotes)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943g. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [part]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 617-688 (page 680, Paracryptocerus in Myrmicinae, Cryptocerini)
  • Emery, C. 1915g. Noms de sous-genres et de genres proposés pour la sous-famille des Myrmicinae. Modifications à la classification de ce groupe (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Bull. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 1915: 189-192 (page 192, Paracryptocerus as subgenus of Cryptoceerus)
  • Emery, C. 1924f [1922]. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C: 207-397 (page 306, Paracryptocerus in Myrmicinae, Cryptocerini; Paracryptocerus as subgenus of Cryptoceerus)
  • Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 229-253 (page 246, Paracryptocerus in Myrmicinae, Cryptocerini; Paracryptocerus as subgenus of Cryptoceerus)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Rev. Entomol. (Rio J.) 22: 1-244 (page 153, Paracryptocerus in Myrmicinae, Cephalotini; Paracryptocerus as genus)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da regia~o Neotropical. Stud. Entomol. 15: 3-344 (page 175, Paracryptocerus as genus; Paracryptocerus senior synonym of Cyathocephalus (homonym), Cyathomyrmex, Harnedia)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1973c. A new Zacryptocerus from Brazil, with remarks on the generic classification of the tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Stud. Entomol. 16: 449-462 (page 460, Paracryptocerus as junior synonym of Zacryptocerus)
  • Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V., Hurd, P. D., Smith, D. R., Burks, B. D. (eds.) Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. i-xvi, 1199-2209. (page 1402, Paracryptocerus as junior synonym of Zacryptocerus)
  • Smith, M. R. 1949c. On the status of Cryptocerus Latreille and Cephalotes Latreille (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Psyche (Camb.) 56: 18-21 (page 20, Paracryptocerus in Myrmicinae, Cephalotini; Paracryptocerus as genus)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922i. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VII. Keys to the genera and subgenera of ants. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 631-710 (page 665, Paracryptocerus in Myrmicinae, Cryptocerini; Paracryptocerus as subgenus of Cryptoceerus)