Nesomyrmex ruani

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Nesomyrmex ruani
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Nesomyrmex
Species group: simoni
Species: N. ruani
Binomial name
Nesomyrmex ruani
Mbanyana & Robertson, 2008

Nesomyrmex ruani P.jpg

Nesomyrmex ruani D.jpg

Collected from pitfall traps in Mountain Fynbos (Cederberg), and Renosterveld, near Nieuwoudtville.


Mbanyana and Robertson (2008) - A member of the simoni species-group. Nesomyrmex ruani is similar in appearance to Nesomyrmex entabeni and Nesomyrmex nanniae: they all have erect hairs on the promesonotum; propodeum forming an even convexity; and colour uniformly light brown. It is distinguished from the latter two species by the sides of petiolar node which are completely covered with strong, sometimes irregular, rugulae. In dorsal view the rugulae are continuous around the entire node. In N. entabeni and N. nanniae the sides of petiolar node have punctulate sculpture or at most with a few weak rugulae. In dorsal view these feeble rugulae may persist, may fade out, or may be replaced entirely with reticulate-punctate sculpture but in no case does the entire node appear to be encircled with strong rugulae everywhere. N. ruani is also larger (HW 0.644–0.690 versus 0.497–0.590).

Key to Nesomyrmex of southern Africa

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -31.40598° to -32.34833333°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: South Africa (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • ruani. Nesomyrmex ruani Mbanyana & Robertson, 2008: 51, figs. 3a-c (w.) SOUTH AFRICA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Holotype. HL 0.846, HW 0.696, HW1 0.728, CI 82, SL 0.577, SI 83, PW 0.524, ML 1.119, EL 0.221, EI 32.

Mandibles with fine longitudinal striations. Clypeus with longitudinal striations except for the posterior median portion, which is predominantly smooth. Overall shape of anterior margin convex but median portion slightly concave. Anterior median portion of clypeus straight in longitudinal section. Head in full face view, with hind margin convex. Large eyes with 15 ommatidia in the longest row.

Scapes relatively short (SI < 85). Promesonotum in profile evenly convex. Metanotal groove conspicuously impressed. Propodeum unarmed and smoothly convex in profile; anterior dorsum horizontal. Metapleural lobes low and rounded. Subpetiolar process pointed, tooth-like. Petiolar node large and rounded, with anterior face in profile sloping evenly to the dorsum and posterior face nearly vertical. Postpetiole low and rounded. Dorsum of head smooth posteriorly with fine, barely visible, superficial reticulate sculpture; fine longitudinal striations posterior to the vicinity of the frontal lobes and stronger striations between the eye and the antennal sockets. Promesonotal dorsum predominantly smooth, with a few fine short striations on the pronotum. Metanotal groove with cross-ribs. Propodeal dorsum and declivity with transverse striations. Peduncle and petiolar node with transverse rugulae which are continuous around the entire node although they are irregular and faint on the petiolar dorsum. Postpetiole with fine, transverse, poorly defined, wavy striations. Gastral tergite smooth without costulae at the base. Dorsum of head with approximately eight pairs of suberect hairs, sparse pubescence present. The venter of head with five curved hairs and five long hairs; pubescence present. Promesonotal dorsum with a pair of erect hairs on the pronotal humeri and another pair posteriorly; sparse pubescence present. Propodeum without erect hairs, but with sparse pubescence present. Six suberect hairs on the petiolar node and 10 suberect hairs on the postpetiole; sparse pubescence present. Regularly spaced suberect hairs on the first gastral tergite and sternite, and sparse pubescence present on the tergite. Colour uniformly dark brown.

Paratypes. HL 0.824–0.836, HW 0.644–0.674, HW1 0.662–0.694, CI 78–81, SL 0.541–0.553, SI 80–86, PW 0.475–0.511, ML 1.001–1.077, EL 0.210–0.226, EI 33–34 (2 of 3 measured).

Same as holotype except eyes with 15–16 ommatidia in the longest row. Propodeal dorsum either with transverse striations or with longitudinal rugulae. The venter of head with 1–3 curved hairs; 4–5 straight hairs; sparse pubescence present. Petiolar node with three suberect hairs and postpetiole with 6–8 suberect hairs; sparse pubescence present.

Type Material

Holotype: South Africa: Western Cape: Mountain Fynbos, 32°20’54”S 19°0’17”E, 08 October 2002, A. Botes, CKOct02-NWP-4.4.1, SAM-HYM-C019398. Paratypes: South Africa: Western Cape: Mountain Fynbos, 565 m, 32°20’54”S 19°0’17”E 08 October 2002, A. Botes, CKOct02–NWP-4.4.3, SAM-HYM-C019404; Mountain Fynbos, 332 m, 32°20’20”S 18°59’16”E, 07 October 2002, A. Botes, CKOct02-SAW-3.4.1, SAM-HYMC019403.


Named after Dr Ruan Veldtman, who assisted Antoinette Botes extensively with her sampling of ants in the Ceder-berg.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Hita Garcia F., Mbanyana N., Audisio T. L., and G. D. Alpert. 2017. Taxonomy of the ant genus Nesomyrmex Wheeler (Formicidae, Myrmicinae) in the Afrotropical region, with a review of current species groups and description of a new species of the N. angulatus group from Mozambique. European Journal of Taxonomy 258: 1–31.