Monomorium zulu

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Monomorium zulu
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. zulu
Binomial name
Monomorium zulu
Santschi, 1914

Monomorium zulu casent0913866 p 1 high.jpg

Monomorium zulu casent0913866 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This species has been collected in open woodland habitats.


Bolton (1987) - A member of the M. mediocre complex in the M. salomonis species group. Despite differences between zulu and Monomorium rabirium (see description below and identification and description sections for rabirium), I suspect that future collections of these forms made between their respective type-localities in Botswana and South Africa may well show a gradation of one form into the other.

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 20.183333° to -24.9725°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: South Africa (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.


Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.





The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • zulu. Monomorium zulu Santschi, 1914e: 18 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated, “many”).
    • Type-locality: South Africa: Zululand, Junction of Umfolozis, 10.vii.1905 (I. Trägårdh).
    • Type-depository: NHMB (perhaps also I NHRS).
    • Status as species: Arnold, 1916: 215; Emery, 1922e: 173; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 867; Ettershank, 1966: 93; Collingwood, 1985: 273; Bolton, 1987: 365 (redescription); Bolton, 1995b: 268; Borowiec, L. 2014: 127.
    • Distribution: South Africa.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Bolton (1987) - TL 1.7-1.8, HL 0.44-0.46, HW 0.34, CI 74-77, SL 0.29-0.30, SI 85-88, PW 0.20-0.22, AL 0.44-0.46 (2 measured).

Very closely related to Monomorium rabirium (mediocre-complex) and sharing its diagnostic characters, as given under the description of rabirium. The two differ in the following features.

rabirium Maximum diameter of eye 0·26-0·28 x HW, with 7 -8 ommatidia in the longest row. SI 92-97. Cephalic dorsum with traces of superficial reticular patterning close to occipital margin. Pronotal dorsum reticulate to shagreenate.

zulu Maximum diameter of eye 0·24-0·26 x HW, with 5-6 ommatidia in the longest row. SI 85-88. Cephalic dorsum smooth with scattered small pits close to occipital margin. Pronotal dorsum smooth.

Type Material

Bolton (1987) - Syntype workers, South Africa: Natal, Zululand, Junction of Umfolozis , 10.vii.1905 (I. Tragardh) (Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel) [examined].


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Arnold G. 1916. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part II. Ponerinae, Dorylinae. Annals of the South African Museum. 14: 159-270.
  • Collingwood, C. A. "Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia." Fauna of Saudi Arabia 7 (1985): 230-302.
  • Ettershank G. 1966. A generic revision of the world Myrmicinae related to Solenopsis and Pheidologeton (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Aust. J. Zool. 14: 73-171.
  • Parr C. L., H. G. Robertson, H. C. Biggs, and S. L. Chown. 2004. Response of African savanna ants to long-term fire regimes. Journal of Applied Ecology 41: 630-642.
  • Santschi F. 1914. Meddelanden från Göteborgs Musei Zoologiska Afdelning. 3. Fourmis du Natal et du Zoulouland récoltées par le Dr. I. Trägårdh. Göteborgs Kungliga Vetenskaps och Vitterhets Samhälles Handlingar. 15: 1-44.