Monomorium rosae

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Monomorium rosae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. rosae
Binomial name
Monomorium rosae
Santschi, 1920

Monomorium rosae casent0010826 profile 1.jpg

Monomorium rosae casent0010826 dorsal 1.jpg


This species has been found in savanna forest and a tea field.


Heterick (2006) - A member of the M. exiguum complex in the M. monomorium species group.

Bolton (1987) - A widely distributed species which shows variation in size and pilosity over its range. Analysis of rosae when more material is available may well show that 2-3 sibling species are involved here. For the present all samples are treated as a single species, easily identified by its 11-segmented antennae, dark colour, moderately long scapes and distinctively shaped postpetiole node. The shape of the postpetiole is shared only with Monomorium pulchrum and Monomorium bequaerti among species with 11 antennal segments, but both of these are lighter in colour. Apart from this the petiole and postpetiole nodes are broader than long in dorsal view in rosae and pulchrum, but longer than broad in bequaerti. M. pulchrum has the propodeal dorsum quite evenly and continuously convex in profile, which is not the case in rosae where a flattened or depressed mid-dorsal section is conspicuous.

The two syntype workers of rosae are lighter in colour than all the remaining material examined, but I strongly suspect that they had not attained full adult colour when captured, and have faded somewhat since then.

Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Democratic Republic of Congo (type locality), Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • rosae. Monomorium (Lampromyrmex) rosae Santschi, 1920b: 13, fig. 2 (w.) DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO. Senior synonym of cotterelli: Bolton, 1987: 408.
  • cotterelli. Diplomorium cotterelli Donisthorpe, 1942f: 217 (w.) GHANA. Junior synonym of rosae: Bolton, 1987: 408.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Bolton (1987) - TL 1.6-2.0, HL 0.42-0.50, HW 0.33-0.40, CI 76-82, SL 0.28-0.35, SI 85-94, PW 0.21-0.25, AL 0.42-0.56 (12 measured).

Clypeal carinae only feebly developed but quite distinct, widely separated and divergent anteriorly. Median portion of clypeus with anterior margin transverse or even weakly convex, the anterior and lateral borders of the prominent median section of the clypeus meeting in an obtuse angle, without projecting angles or denticles. Basal (fourth) tooth of mandible much smaller than the third, reduced to a denticle. Maximum diameter of eye 0.19-0.23 x HW and with 5-6 ommatidia in the longest row. Outer ring of ommatidia encircling more than one longitudinal row. Eyes in full-face view distinctly in front of midlength of sides of head. Antennae with 11 segments, the scapes when directed straight back from their insertions failing to reach the occipital margin. Promesonotum in profile shallowly convex, the metanotal groove shallowly impressed and traversed by short but conspicuous cross-ribs. Propodeal spiracle small and pinhole-like. Propodeal dorsum in profile convex immediately behind the metanotal groove; this followed by a posteriorly sloping section which is feebly convex or almost flat, and which rounds posteriorly into the much more steeply sloping declivity. Petiole in profile with the node subconical, broad basally and rapidly tapering to a narrowly rounded apex; the node bluntly wedge-shaped. Subpetiolar process a narrow, sometimes vestigial, longitudinal strip; ventral outline of petiole node behind the process feebly convex but not strongly bulging ventrally. Node of postpetiole in profile about equal in volume to that of the petiole, or slightly less; much more broadly rounded dorsally than the petiole. Anterior face of postpetiole in profile shorter and conspicuously steeper than the long gradually sloping posterior face. In dorsal view both nodes broader than long. Standing hairs present on all dorsal surfaces of head and body, with 4-6 pairs on the promesonotum and 2-3 pairs on the propodeum. Sculpture absent except for metanotal cross-ribs and some shagreening or reticulation on the pleurae. Colour glossy blackish brown to black.

Type Material

Bolton (1987) - Syntype workers, Zaire: Boma, 7.ix.1913, No. 36 (Bequaert) (Musee Royal de I' Afrique Centrale, Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel) [examined].


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Belshaw R., and B. Bolton. 1994. A survey of the leaf litter ant fauna in Ghana, West Africa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 3: 5-16.
  • Belshaw R., and B. Bolton. 1994. A survey of the leaf litter ant fauna in Ghana, West Africa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research. 3: 5-16.
  • Bolton B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54: 263-452.
  • Borowiec L., and S. Salata. 2018. Notes on ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Gambia (Western Africa). Annals of the Upper Silesian Museum in Bytom Entomology 26: 1-13.
  • Braet Y., and B. Taylor. 2008. Mission entomologique au Parc National de Pongara (Gabon). Bilan des Formicidae (Hymenoptera) recoltes. Bulletin S. R. B. E./K.B.V.E. 144: 157-169.
  • Diame L., B. Taylor, R. Blatrix, J. F. Vayssieres, J. Y. Rey, I. Grechi, and K. Diarra. 2017. A preliminary checklist of the ant (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) fauna of Senegal. Journal of Insect Biodiversity 5(15): 1-16.
  • Donisthorpe H. 1942. A new species of Diplomorium (Hym. Formicidae), with some notes on the genus. Entomologist 75: 217-218.
  • Garcia F.H., Wiesel E. and Fischer G. 2013.The Ants of Kenya (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)—Faunal Overview, First Species Checklist, Bibliography, Accounts for All Genera, and Discussion on Taxonomy and Zoogeography. Journal of East African Natural History, 101(2): 127-222
  • Kouakou L. M. M., K. Yeo, K. Ouattara, W. Dekoninck, T. Delsinne, and S. Konate. 2018. Investigating urban ant community (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in port cities and in major towns along the border in Côte d’Ivoire: a rapid assessment to detect potential introduced invasive ant species. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 36(1): 5793-5811.
  • Kouakou L. M. M., W. Dekoninck, M. Kone, T. Delsinne, K. Yeo, K. Ouattara, and S. Konate. 2018. Diversity and distribution of introduced and potentially invasive ant species from the three main ecoregions of Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa). Belgian Journal of Zoology 148 (1): 83–103.
  • Stephens S. S., P. B. Bosu, and M. R. Wager. 2016. Effect of overstory tree species diversity and composition on ground foraging ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in timber plantations in Ghana. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & management 12(1-2): 96-107.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 711-1004