Monomorium invidium

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Monomorium invidium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species: M. invidium
Binomial name
Monomorium invidium
Bolton, 1987

Monomorium invidium casent0902229 p 1 high.jpg

Monomorium invidium casent0902229 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Known from a variety of forest habitats, it has commonly been found in litter sampling.


Bolton (1987) - A member of the hanneli species group. M. invidium is the commonest and most widely distributed member of this small group in West Africa: It separates easily from the other two known West African species as Monomorium jacksoni, known only from Cameroun, is much more strongly sculptured, and Monomorium guineense from Guinea has much narrower scale-like nodes.

The non-paratypic material shows the following range of dimensions. TL 1.8-2.3, HL 0.46-0.56, HW 0.39-0.48, CI 82-86, SL 0.32-0.38, SI 79-84, PW 0.30-0.34, AL 0.50-0.62 (15 measured). In these series eye size shows the range 0.14-0.17 x HW and the eyes have 3-5 ommatidia in the longest row. In larger workers the peripheral ring of ommatidia may surround 5 others, rather than the 2-3 which seems more usual. In some individuals the sculpture of the propodeal dorsum is almost or entirely effaced, leaving the surface glassy smooth. Similarly the sides of the alitrunk may lack sculpture except in the vicinity of the metapleural gland bulla. Outline shape of the propodeum in profile varies from narrowly but bluntly rounded to sharply obtusely angular.

Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Cameroun, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Nigeria (type locality), Uganda.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • invidium. Monomorium invidium Bolton, 1987: 427, figs. 97, 98 (w.q.) NIGERIA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Holotype. TL 1.9, HL 0.48, HW 0.41, CI 85, SL 0.34, SI 83, PW 0.31, AL 0.54.

Mandibles smooth and shining, unsculptured except for scattered hair-pits. Pair of teeth on anterior clypeal margin conspicuous. Maximum diameter of eye 0.15 x HW, with 4 ommatidia in the longest row; the outer peripheral ring of ommatidia enclosing only two ommatidia within the ring. Promesonotum shallowly convex in profile, the metanotal groove narrow and shallowly impressed. Propodeal dorsum sloping downwards posteriorly and rounding narrowly into the declivity, the dorsal surface of the propodeum bluntly marginate laterally and the dorsum between the blunt margins very shallowly concave. Petiole and postpetiole in profile high and narrow, the nodes narrowly but bluntly rounded above and the latter node slightly thicker than the former. In dorsal view the nodes broadly transversely elliptical. Cephalic dorsum behind the frontal lobes smooth, unsculptured except for hair-pits. Sides of head without a narrow sculptured strip running from the anterior margin of the eye to the base of the mandible, and the occipital margin unsculptured. Promesonotum smooth and highly polished both dorsally and laterally. Remainder of sides of alitrunk with sculpture only on lower half and round the margin of the mesopleuron, on the metapleuron, and with a small sculptured patch on the propodeum behind the level of the spiracle. Propodeum in dorsal view finely and faintly transversely rugulose. Petiole postpetiole and gaster unsculptured in dorsal view. All dorsal surfaces of head and body with numerous standing hairs. Colour highly polished blackish brown.

Paratypes. TL 1.8-2.0, HL 0.48-0.50, HW 0.40-0.42, CI 82-85, SL 0.33-0.36, SI 81-86, PW 0.30-0.31, AL 0.54-0.56 (10 measured). As holotype but eyes may have 3-4 ommatidia in the longest rowand have maximum diameter 0.15-0.17 x HW. Sculpture on propodeal dorsum is sometimes effaced medially, being visible only close to and on the lateral marginations. On the sides of the alitrunk the mesopleuron may be smooth with only peripheral sculpture developed, and the sculptured patch behind the propodeal spiracle is sometimes absent. Colour varies from blackish brown to jet black.

Type Material

Holotype worker, Nigeria: Ibadan, UTA, sample 06, 28.iv. 1981 (A . Russell-Smith) (The Natural History Museum). Paratypes. 10 workers and one dealate female with same data as holotype (BMNH; Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève; Museum of Comparative Zoology).


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Belshaw R., and B. Bolton. 1994. A survey of the leaf litter ant fauna in Ghana, West Africa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 3: 5-16.
  • Bolton B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 54: 263-452.
  • Braet Y., and B. Taylor. 2008. Mission entomologique au Parc National de Pongara (Gabon). Bilan des Formicidae (Hymenoptera) recoltes. Bulletin S. R. B. E./K.B.V.E. 144: 157-169.
  • Kolo Y. 2006. Evaluation rapide des fourmis de la région de Boké, Guinée. In Wright, H.E. and J. McCullough et M.S. Diallo. (eds). 2006. A Rapid Biological Assessment of the Boké Préfecture, Northwestern Guinea. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 41. Conservation International, Washington, DC.
  • Kone M., S. Konate, K. Yeo, P. K. Kouassi, K. E. Linsemair. 2010. Diversity and abundance of terrrestrial ants along a gradient of land use intensification in a transitional forest-savannah zone of Cote d'Ivoire. Journal of Applied Biosciences 29: 1809-1827.
  • Kone M., S. Konate, K. Yeo, P. K. Kouassi, and K. E. Linsenmair. 2012. Changes in ant communities along an age gradient of cocoa cultivation in the Oumé region, central Côte d’Ivoire. Entomological Science 15: 324–339.
  • Kouakou L. M. M., K. Yeo, K. Ouattara, W. Dekoninck, T. Delsinne, and S. Konate. 2018. Investigating urban ant community (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in port cities and in major towns along the border in Côte d’Ivoire: a rapid assessment to detect potential introduced invasive ant species. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 36(1): 5793-5811.
  • Kouakou L. M. M., W. Dekoninck, M. Kone, T. Delsinne, K. Yeo, K. Ouattara, and S. Konate. 2018. Diversity and distribution of introduced and potentially invasive ant species from the three main ecoregions of Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa). Belgian Journal of Zoology 148 (1): 83–103.
  • Yeo K., S. Konate, S. Tiho, and S. K. Camara. 2011. Impacts of land use types on ant communities in a tropical forest margin (Oumé - Cote d'Ivoire). African Journal of Agricultural Research 6(2): 260-274.
  • Yeo K., T. Delsinne, S. Komate, L. L. Alonso, D. Aidara, and C. Peeters. 2016. Diversity and distribution of ant assemblages above and below ground in a West African forest–savannah mosaic (Lamto, Cote d’Ivoire). Insectes Sociaux DOI 10.1007/s00040-016-0527-6
  • Yeo K., and A. Hormenyo. 2007. A Rapid Survey of Ants in Ajenjua Bepo and Mamang River Forest Reserves, Eastern Region of Ghana. Pp 27-29. In McCullough, J., P. Hoke, P. Naskrecki, and Y. Osei-Owusu (eds.). 2008. A Rapid Biological Assessment of the Ajenjua Bepo and Mamang River Forest Reserves, Ghana. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 50. Conservation International, Arlington, VA, USA.