Megalomyrmex staudingeri

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Megalomyrmex staudingeri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Megalomyrmex
Species group: leoninus
Species: M. staudingeri
Binomial name
Megalomyrmex staudingeri
Emery, 1890

Megalomyrmex staudingeri casent0904607 p 1 high.jpg

Megalomyrmex staudingeri casent0904607 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


Sparse specimen label information suggests this species inhabitats forests found at elevations between 300 - 1000 m.

At a Glance • Ergatoid queen  


Brandão (1990) - Within a series from Santo Antonio do Ica I found a gamergate with 3 ocelli, the flat mesonotum clearly separate from other tergites, petiolar node compressed and the gaster distinctly swollen. The specimen from Iquitos come from bromeliads intercepted at the Miami Airport. Some characters show intraspecific variation. They are: degree of striation around antennal sockets, propodeum shape and the median area of clypeus, wich can be shaped as a flat triangular plate. This condition is extreme at the types of variety described by Forel, but not exclusive.


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 7.116666667° to -4.1°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Images from AntWeb

Megalomyrmex staudingeri casent0904607 d 2 high.jpg
Holotype of Megalomyrmex staudingeriWorker. Specimen code casent0904607. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MSNG, Genoa, Italy.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • staudingeri. Megalomyrmex staudingeri Emery, 1890b: 47 (footnote, diagnosis in key) (w.) PERU.
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: Peru: Iquitos (no collector’s name).
    • Type-depository: MSNG.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 71; Wheeler, W.M. 1909b: 237 (in key); Emery, 1922e: 190; Wheeler, W.M. 1925a: 34 (in key); Ettershank, 1966: 105; Kempf, 1972a: 140; Brandão, 1990b: 438 (redescription); Brandão, 1991: 355; Bolton, 1995b: 250; Brandão, 2003: 153; Bezděčková, et al. 2015: 118; Fernández & Serna, 2019: 807.
    • Senior synonym of nasutus: Brandão, 1990b: 438; Brandão, 1991: 355; Bolton, 1995b: 250.
    • Distribution: Brazil, Colombia, Peru.
  • nasutus. Megalomyrmex leoninus r. nasutus Forel, 1912g: 13 (w.) BRAZIL (Amazonas).
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-locality: Brazil: Santo Antonio de Iça (Ducke).
    • Type-depository: MHNG.
    • Status as species: Wheeler, W.M. 1909b: 237 (in key); Wheeler, W.M. 1925a: 34 (in key); Kempf, 1972a: 140.
    • Subspecies of leoninus: Emery, 1922e: 190; Borgmeier, 1927c: 100; Ettershank, 1966: 105.
    • Junior synonym of staudingeri: Brandão, 1990b: 438; Brandão, 1991: 355; Bolton, 1995b: 249.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Brandão (1990) - Mandibles smooth; anterior clypeal border straight with median denticle; 3-segmented antennal club; frontal suture impressed: 24 ocular facets at compound eye largest diameter; occipital margin raised; promesonotal suture generally not impressed dorsally, mesosternum and metasternum without developed acrotergites; dorsal face and declivity of propodeum meeting in a gentle angle, not forming lateral tubercles: dorsal face not transversally impressed; declivity smooth; epipetiolar carina complete; pedunculate petiole with anteroventral denticle originating a translucid longitudinal flange; dorsal margin of petiolar node, in side view, straight; petiolar spiracles laterally produced; dorsal margin of petiolar node, in frontal view, round; ventral face of postpetiole without process; apex of femura acuminate.

Color: deep-brown, almost black.

Type Material

Brandão (1990) - Type Loc.: Iquitos, Loreto, Peru (03°44'S, 73°12'W). Holotype at Museo Civico di Storia Naturale “Giacomo Doria”, Genova. Megalomyrmex leoninus nasutus Forel, 1912: 13. Type Loc.: Santo Antonio do Ica. AM, Brasil (03°05'S, 68°00'W). Nov. syn. (types examined - 2 workers at Museum de la Ville de Geneve).


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Ettershank G. 1966. A generic revision of the world Myrmicinae related to Solenopsis and Pheidologeton (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Aust. J. Zool. 14: 73-171.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).