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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Harnedia
Smith, M.R., 1949
Type species
Cryptocerus umbraculatus, now Cephalotes umbraculatus

Cephalotes umbraculatus P casent0900238.jpg

Cephalotes umbraculatus D casent0900238.jpg

Specimen Label

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Cephalotes.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • HARNEDIA [junior synonym of Cephalotes]
    • Harnedia Smith, M.R. 1949c: 20 [as subgenus of Paracryptocerus]. Type-species: Cryptocerus umbraculatus, by original designation.
    • Harnedia junior synonym of Paracryptocerus: Kempf, 1972a: 175.
    • Harnedia junior synonym of Cephalotes: De Andrade & Baroni Urbani, 1999: 59.


  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 195, Harnedia as junior synonym of Paracryptocerus)
  • De Andrade, M. L. 1999b. [Untitled. Series of 33 new species, attributed to de Andrade only.] In: De Andrade, M. L., Baroni Urbani, C. Diversity and adaptation in the ant genus Cephalotes, past and present. Stuttg. Beitr. Naturk. Ser. B (Geol. Paläonto (page 59, Harnedia junior synonym of Cephalotes)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Rev. Entomol. (Rio J.) 22: 1-244 (page 233, Harnedia in Myrmicinae, Cephalotini; Harnedia as subgenus of Paracryptocerus)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da regia~o Neotropical. Stud. Entomol. 15: 3-344 (page 175, Harnedia as junior synonym of Paracryptocerus)
  • Smith, M. R. 1949c. On the status of Cryptocerus Latreille and Cephalotes Latreille (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Psyche (Camb.) 56: 18-21 (page 20, Harnedia as subgenus of Paracryptocerus; Harnedia in Myrmicinae, Cephalotini)