AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
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Temporal range: Fossil only
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formiciinae
Lutz, 1986
2 fossil genera
6 fossil species
AntWeb icon 02.png See images of genera within this subfamily


Extant Taxa

No living taxa are known from this subfamily.

Fossil Taxa

Fossil Genera % World Fossil Genera Valid Fossil Species/Subsp. % World Fossil Species/Subsp.
2 1.2% 6 0.68%

Fossils known from: Bournemouth, Dorset, U.K. (Bartonian, Middle Eocene), Green River Formation, Colorado, United States (Lutetian, Middle Eocene), Isle of Purbeck (Durlston Bay), Dorset, U.K. (Middle Eocene), Messel, Germany (Lutetian, Middle Eocene), Puryear, Tennessee, United States (Early Eocene).

List of Tribes and Genera


No tribes within subfamily.

Extant Genera

This subfamily is known only from fossils.

Fossil Genera



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • FORMICIINAE [subfamily of Formicidae]
    • †Formiciinae Lutz, 1986: 181. Type-genus: †Formicium Westwood, 1854: 393.

Taxonomic History

  • †Formiciinae as subfamily of Formicidae: Lutz, 1986: 181; Lutz, 1990: 1; Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 17; Baroni Urbani, et al. 1992: 317; Bolton, 1994: 187; Bolton, 2003: 75, 262.
  • †Formiciinae as formicoid subfamily of Formicidae: Ward, 2007a: 557.

Collective group name in †Formiciini


†Formiciinae and collective group name †Formicium references: Lutz, 1986: 182 (diagnosis, all species revision, key, phylogeny); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 24 (diagnosis); Lutz, 1990: 61 (subfamily synopsis; review of genus); Bolton, 1995b: 206 (catalogue); Bolton, 2003: 75, 262 (diagnosis, synopsis); Archibald, et al. 2011: 3680 (synopsis).