Ephebomyrmex

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Ephebomyrmex
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Pogonomyrmecini
Genus: Ephebomyrmex
Wheeler, W.M., 1902
Type species
Pogonomyrmex naegelii

Pogonomyrmex naegelii casent0102687 profile 1.jpg

Pogonomyrmex naegelii casent0102687 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Pogonomyrmex.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • EPHEBOMYRMEX [junior synonym of Pogonomyrmex]
    • Ephebomyrmex Wheeler, W.M. 1902c: 390 [as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex]. Type-species: Pogonomyrmex naegelii, by subsequent designation of Wheeler, W.M. 1911f: 163.
    • Ephebomyrmex subgenus of Pogonomyrmex: Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 140; Emery, 1921f: 48; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 660; Gallardo, 1932b: 94; Kusnezov, 1949c: 293; Creighton, 1950a: 132; Kusnezov, 1951a: 245; Smith, M.R. 1951a: 794; Kusnezov, 1956: 118; Smith, M.R. 1958c: 115; Kusnezov, 1964: 56; Smith, M.R. 1967: 351; Cole, 1968: 22; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1357; Mackay, Mackay, Dominguez, et al. 1985: 42.
    • Ephebomyrmex as genus: Creighton, 1957a: 54; Kusnezov, 1960b: 350; Kempf, 1972a: 106; Brown, 1973b: 180; Snelling, R.R. 1981: 395; Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1985: 257; Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 79; Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 13; Taber, 1998: 146.
    • Ephebomyrmex junior synonym of Pogonomyrmex: Lattke, 1991a: 305; Bolton, 1994: 106; Bolton, 1995b: 28; Fernández & Palacio, 1998: 1649; Bolton, 2003: 223.

References

  • Ashmead, W. H. 1905c. A skeleton of a new arrangement of the families, subfamilies, tribes and genera of the ants, or the superfamily Formicoidea. Can. Entomol. 37: 381-384 (page 383, Ephebomyrmex in Myrmicinae, Myrmicini)
  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. (page 106, Ephebomyrmex as junior synonym of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 28, Ephebomyrmex as junior synonym of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 223, Ephebomyrmex as junior synonym of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1973b. A comparison of the Hylean and Congo-West African rain forest ant faunas. Pp. 161-185 in: Meggers, B. J., Ayensu, E. S., Duckworth, W. D. (eds.) Tropical forest ecosystems in Africa and South America: a comparative review. Wash (page 180, Ephebomyrmex as genus)
  • Cole, A. C., Jr. 1968. Pogonomyrmex harvester ants. A study of the genus in North America. Knoxville, Tenn.: University of Tennessee Press, x + 222 pp. (page 22, Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Creighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 104: 1-585 (page 132, Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Creighton, W. S. 1957a [1956]. Studies on the North American representatives of Ephebomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Psyche (Camb.) 63: 54-66 (page 54, Ephebomyrmex as genus)
  • Dlussky, G. M.; Fedoseeva, E. B. 1988. Origin and early stages of evolution in ants. Pp. 70-144 in: Ponomarenko, A. G. (ed.) Cretaceous biocenotic crisis and insect evolution. Moskva: Nauka, 232 pp. (page 79, Ephebomyrmex as genus)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943g. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [part]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 617-688 (page 643, Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Emery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 94: 1-94 + 7 (page 48, Ephebomyrmex in Myrmicinae, Myrmicini; Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Fernández, F.; Palacio, E. E. 1998 [1997]. Clave para las Pogonomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) del Norte de Suramérica, con la descripción de una nueva especie. Rev. Biol. Trop. 4 45: 1649-1661 (page 1649, Ephebomyrmex as junior synonym of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Forel, A. 1917. Cadre synoptique actuel de la faune universelle des fourmis. Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 51: 229-253 (page 240, Ephebomyrmex in Myrmicinae, Myrmicini; Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Gallardo, A. 1932c. Las hormigas de la República Argentina. Subfamilia Mirmicinas, segunda sección Eumyrmicinae, tribu Myrmicini (F. Smith), género Pogonomyrmex Mayr. An. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. B. Aires 37: 89-170 (page 94, Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. (page 13, Ephebomyrmex as genus)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da regia~o Neotropical. Stud. Entomol. 15: 3-344 (page 106, Ephebomyrmex as genus)
  • Kusnezov, N. 1949c. Pogonomyrmex del grupo Ephebomyrmex en la fauna de la Patagonia (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Acta Zool. Lilloana 8: 291-307 (page 293, Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Kusnezov, N. 1951e. El género Pogonomyrmex Mayr (Hym., Formicidae). Acta Zool. Lilloana 11: 227-333 (page 245, Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Kusnezov, N. 1960b [1959]. La fauna de hormigas en el oeste de la Patagonia y Tierra del Fuego. Acta Zool. Lilloana 17: 321-401 (page 350, Ephebomyrmex as genus)
  • Kusnezov, N. 1964 [1963]. Zoogeografía de las hormigas en Sudamérica. Acta Zool. Lilloana 19: 25-186 (page 56, Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Lattke, J. E. 1991a [1990]. Una nueva especie de Pogonomyrmex Mayr de selva húmeda tropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Rev. Biol. Trop. 38: 305-309 (page 305, Ephebomyrmex as junior synonym of Pogonomyrmex)
  • MacKay, W. P.; MacKay, E. E.; Perez Dominguez, J. F.; Valdez Sanchez, L. I.; Orozco, P. V. 1985. Las hormigas del estado de Chihuahua Mexico: el genero Pogonomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 11: 39-54 (page 42, Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)
  • MacKay, W. P.; Vinson, S. B. 1989b. A guide to species identification of New World ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 16: 3-47 (page 14, Ephebomyrmex as genus)
  • Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V., Hurd, P. D., Smith, D. R., Burks, B. D. (eds.) Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Pr (page 1357, Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Smith, M. R. 1951c. Family Formicidae. Pp. 778-875 in: Muesebeck, C. F., Krombein, K. V., Townes, H. K. (eds.) Hymenoptera of America north of Mexico. Synoptic catalogue. U. S. Dep. Agric. Agric. Monogr. 2:1-1420. (page 794, Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Smith, M. R. 1958c. Family Formicidae. Pp. 108-162 in: Krombein, K. V. (ed.) Hymenoptera of America north of Mexico. Synoptic catalogue. First supplement. U. S. Dep. Agric. Agric. Monogr. 2(suppl. 1):1-305. (page 115, Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Smith, M. R. 1967a. Family Formicidae. Pp. 343-374 in: Krombein, K. V., Burks, B. D. (eds.) Hymenoptera of America north of Mexico. Synoptic catalog. Second supplement. U. S. Dep. Agric. Agric. Monogr. 2(suppl. 2):1-584. (page 351, Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Snelling, R. R. 1981. Systematics of social Hymenoptera. Pp. 369-453 in: Hermann, H. R. (ed.) Social insects. Volume 2. New York: Academic Press, xiii + 491 pp. (page 395, Ephebomyrmex as genus)
  • Snelling, R. R. 1982a [1981]. The taxonomy and distribution of some North American Pogonomyrmex and descriptions of two new species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 80: 97-112 (page 108, Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Taber, S. W. 1998. The world of harvester ants. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, xvii + 213 pp.: 213pp (page 146, Ephebomyrmex as genus)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1985b. A simplified conspectus of the Formicidae. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 111: 255-264 (page 257, Ephebomyrmex as genus)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1902d. New agricultural ants from Texas. Psyche (Camb.) 9: 387-393 (page 390, Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1902d. New agricultural ants from Texas. Psyche (Camb.) 9: 387-393 (page 390, Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1910b. Ants: their structure, development and behavior. New York: Columbia University Press, xxv + 663 pp. (page 140, Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1911g. A list of the type species of the genera and subgenera of Formicidae. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 21: 157-175 (page 163, Type-species: Pogonomyrmex naegelii; by subsequent designation)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922i. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VII. Keys to the genera and subgenera of ants. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 631-710 (page 660, Ephebomyrmex in Myrmicinae, Myrmicini; Ephebomyrmex as subgenus of Pogonomyrmex)