Dorymyrmex wheeleri

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Dorymyrmex wheeleri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Tribe: Leptomyrmecini
Genus: Dorymyrmex
Species: D. wheeleri
Binomial name
Dorymyrmex wheeleri
(Kusnezov, 1952)

Dorymyrmex wheeleri casent0173018 profile 1.jpg

Dorymyrmex wheeleri casent0173018 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Remains known from only two workers collected in 1933.

Identification

Snelling (1995) - A characteristic that will separate D. wheeleri from all previously described North American Dorymyrmex: the sparsely pubescent frons, the hairs of which are separated from adjacent hairs by several times their own widths (in the paralectotype many of the hairs are separated by their own lengths or more). In the paralectotype the entire frons is smooth and shiny, but in the lectotype most of the frons is distinctly shagreened.

The head shape is about as in D. insanus: lateral margins weakly convex, vertex margin so weakly convex that it is nearly flat. The profile of the mesonotum is flat and with a distinctly sloping posterior face. The mostly convex basal face of the propodeum is abruptly depressed behind, to form a distinct transverse crease in front of the short, acute tubercle.

These two workers appear to be nanitic, and I have seen no specimens like them in any of the numerous collections of Dorymyrmex available from the Tucson area.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 37.187483° to 34.924°.

   
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Nearctic Region: United States (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

pChart

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

pChart

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • wheeleri. Conomyrma (Biconomyrma) wheeleri Kusnezov, 1952g: 438 (w.) U.S.A. Combination in Dorymyrmex: Snelling, R.R. 1995: 8. Junior synonym of insanus: Snelling, R.R. 1973b: 5. Revived from synonymy: Snelling, R.R. 1995: 8.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Snelling (1995) - (mm) lectotype (paralectotype): HL 0.73 (0.62); HW 0.60 (0.51); SL 0.71 (0.59); EL 0.19 (0.17); TL 2.5 (2.2). Indices and ratios: CI 82 (83); SI 97 (96); Slz 117 (115); 01 26 (27); OMR 93 (85); IOR 153 (146).

Type Material

Snelling (1995) - This species was described from two workers collected by P. Klingenberg at "College P. A.," Tucson, Arizona, on 22 March 1933; a specific holotype was not designated. A female specimen in the MCZ collection, perhaps conspecific with the two workers, has a similar label, with identical data, and a label written by W.M. Wheeler; "Dorymyrmex pyramicus n. subsp."

The locality data as cited by Kusnezov are incorrect: the first line of the label reads "College P. K." on both samples. According to F.G. Werner (personal communication), P. Klingenberg collected specimens in Arizona and sent them to W.M. Wheeler. Apparently, when the specimens were mounted and the labels written, the notation "coil. P. K." (= collector P. Klingenberg) became "College P. K.," misquored by Kusnezov as "College P. A." A further distortion is that of Shattuck (1994), who translated the citation to read "College Park, Tucson."

Of the two syntypes, the larger is here designated lectotype; the second specimen is the paralectotype.

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Kusnezov N. 1952. El estado real del grupo Dorymyrmex Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Acta Zoologica Lilloana 10: 427-448.