Dolichoderus niger

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Dolichoderus niger
Dolichoderus niger
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Tribe: Dolichoderini
Genus: Dolichoderus
Species group: scabridus
Species: D. niger
Binomial name
Dolichoderus niger
Crawley, 1922

Dolichoderus ypsilon niger side view

Dolichoderus ypsilon niger top view

Specimen labels

Dolichoderus niger is restricted to low mallee and scrub habitats across southern Western Australia. It has been collected only a handful of times, including in relictual native woodlands in the Perth metropolitan area (Heterick, 2009).


Pronotum rounded, lacking spines; propodeum with elongate spines which are directed upward at an angle less than 45° to the horizontal plane, in dorsal view the spines with an angle of at least 90° between their bases and this region forming a "V" with a narrowly rounded angle; dorsum of petiolar node angular; legs long and uniformly coloured dark red-brown to reddish-black.

This species most closely resembles Dolichoderus rufotibialis but can be distinguished by the uniformly coloured legs in D. niger compared to the bi-coloured legs found in D. rufotibialis, with its dark femora and lightly coloured tibiae.

Identification Keys including this Taxon


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • niger. Dolichoderus (Hypoclinea) ypsilon var. nigra Crawley, 1922c: 25 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Raised to species: Shattuck & Marsden, 2013: 125.

Type Material


Morphologically uniform except leg colour varying from red-brown to reddish-black, and pilosity on first gastral tergite mostly dense but occasionally noticeably more sparse.

Measurements (n=5). CI 90–99; EI 22–25; EL 0.29–0.32; HL 1.27–1.43; HW 1.20–1.39; ML 1.76–2.11; MTL 1.13–1.35; PronI 71.56–78.84; PronW 0.87–0.99; SI 109–117; SL 1.36–1.51.


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Baroni Urbani C. 1977. Katalog der Typen von Formicidae (Hymenoptera) der Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Basel (2. Teil). Mitt. Entomol. Ges. Basel (n.s.) 27: 61-102.
  • Shattuck S. O., and S. Marsden. 2013. Australian species of the ant genus Dolichoderus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 3716(2): 101-143.