Crematogaster madecassa

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Crematogaster madecassa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. madecassa
Binomial name
Crematogaster madecassa
Emery, 1895

Crematogaster madecassa casent0173211 profile 1.jpg

Crematogaster madecassa casent0173211 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Crematogaster madecassa is fairly widespread throughout the rainforests and littoral forests of northern, eastern and southeastern Madagascar and is found up to medium elevations (highest record from 1175m). It occurs widely in sympatry with Crematogaster rasoherinae, and at a few localities also with Crematogaster volamena, Crematogaster mpanjono and Crematogaster telolafy. There is evidence that C. madecassa nests both on the ground and arboreally, as collections have been made from rotten logs, as well as from dead twigs above the ground. Intermediate workers are found in C. madecassa. (Blaimer 2012)


Blaimer (2012) - A member of the Crematogaster madecassa group. Workers of C. madecassa can be distinguished from all other species treated here except Crematogaster telolafy by the presence of two distinct vertical carinae on the clypeus. From workers of C. telolafy, C. madecassa workers are distinguishable by their longer, more spiniform propodeal spines and longer antennal scapes. Queens of C. madecassa can be easily identified from queens of most species (Crematogaster rasoherinae, Crematogaster volamena, Crematogaster mpanjono) by the presence of propodeal spines. C. madecassa queens can be distinguished from Crematogaster razana queens by the absence of a median clypeal notch (present in C. razana queens). Note however that queens of C. telolafy are currently unknown and could be very similar morphologically to C. madecassa queens.

Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Malagasy Region: Madagascar (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb



Males have yet to be collected.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • madecassa. Crematogaster sordidula var. madecassa Emery, 1895f: 342 (w.q.) MADAGASCAR. Combination in C. (Orthocrema): Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 1024. Subspecies of sordidula: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 1024. Raised to species: Emery, 1912e: 668; Emery, 1922e: 131. See also: Blaimer, 2012: 49.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Blaimer (2012) - (n=21) Lectotype worker: HW 0.54; HL 0.51; EL 0.13; SL 0.43; WL 0.54; SPL 0.13; PTH n.a.; PTL 0.17; PTW 0.16; PPL 0.10; PPW 0.17; LHT 0.40; CI 1.05; OI 0.26; SI 0.85; SPI 0.23; PTHI n.a.; PTWI 0.95; PPI 1.67; LBI 1.36.

Other material. HW 0.48–0.60; HL 0.43–0.51; EL 0.10–0.14; SL 0.37– 0.51; WL 0.44–0.63; SPL 0.08–0.14; PTH 0.09–0.14; PTL 0.14–0.22; PTW 0.12–0.22; PPL 0.09–0.14; PPW 0.13–0.21; LHT 0.33–0.52; CI 1.00–1.12; OI 0.22–0.27; SI 0.85–1.01; SPI 0.17–0.26; PTHI 0.55–0.72; PTWI 0.78–1.04; PPI 1.35–1.98; LBI 1.22–1.48.

Very small species (HW 0.48–0.60, WL 0.44–0.63), with characters of the C. madecassa-group, in addition to the following. Clypeus with two distinct median vertical carinae; antennal scapes well surpassing posterior margin of head.

Metanotal groove constricted to less than half as wide as pronotal width; propodeal spines medium-sized (SPI 0.17–0.26) and straight, usually thin and acute, in lateral view directed upwards, in dorsal view moderately diverging; subpostpetiolar process usually present, often as acute minute tooth.

Promesonotum usually with 6 erect, long flexuous setae: 2 humeral setae, and 2 setae each at anterior and posterior end of mesonotal carinae. Color pale to medium yellow.

Intermediate worker (n=2). HW 0.82–0.85, HL 0.73–0.78, EL 0.18–0.19, SL 0.55–0.59, WL 0.89–1.01, SPL 0.20, PTH 0.18–0.19, PTL 0.31–0.33, PTW 0.27–0.28, PPL 0.19, PPW 0.28–0.31, LHT 0.60, CI 1.09–1.12, OI 0.24, SI 0.75, SPI 0.20–0.22, PTHI 0.59, PTWI 0.86, PPI 1.46–1.66, LBI 1.48–1.68.

Intermediate between workers and queens in size. Head, petiole and postpetiole characters similar to queens; ocelli present, but smaller than in queens; mesonotum is to various extent raised and fused dorsally over pronotum and has wing attachment sutures; otherwise mesosomal characters more similar to worker characters.


Blaimer (2012) - (n=11) HW 0.87–1.03, HL 0.72–0.86, EL 0.24–0.32, SL 0.54–0.62, MSNW 0.66–0.92, MSNL 0.72–0.98, WL 1.28–1.53, SPL 0.06–0.21, PTH 0.19–0.26, PTL 0.38–0.49, PTW 0.30–0.39, PPL 0.21–0.28, PPW 0.34–0.42, LHT 0.65–0.81, CI 1.11–1.21, OI 0.29–0.37, SI 0.68–0.76, MSNI 1.55–1.87, SPI 0.04–0.14, PTHI 0.45–0.61, PTWI 0.68–0.91, PPI 1.42–1.69, LBI 1.87–2.08.

Very small (HW 0.87–1.03, WL 1.28–1.53), with characters of the C. madecassa-group, in addition to the following.

Mesosoma more compact (MSNI 1.55–1.87, WL 1.28–1.53), mesoscutum in dorsal view almost as wide as long; propodeal spines present, much shorter than in workers (SPI 0.04–0.14).

Type Material

Blaimer (2012) - (Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa). MADAGASCAR: Antsiranana: Diego-Suarez: [-12.26670, 49.28330] (Ch. Alluaud), CASENT0102053, CASENT0102054 and CASENT0101933. Lectotype worker by present designation: lower specimen of 2 workers on one pin, CASENT0102054 (image on AntWeb).


  • Blaimer, B.B. 2012. Taxonomy and species-groups of the subgenus Crematogaster (Orthocrema) in the Malagasy region (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). ZooKeys, 199, 23-70.
  • Emery, C. 1895g. Mission scientifique de M. Ch. Alluaud dans le territoire de Diego-Suarez (Madagascar-nord) (Avril-août 1893). Formicides. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 39: 336-345 (page 342, worker, queen described)
  • Emery, C. 1912e. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. Teil XI. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1912: 651-672 (page 668, raised to species)
  • Emery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B: 95-206 (page 131, raised to species)
  • Fisher, B. L. 1997a. Biogeography and ecology of the ant fauna of Madagascar (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Nat. Hist. 31: 269-302 (see also)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1922k. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. IX. A synonymic list of the ants of the Malagasy region. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 4 45: 1005-1055 (page 1024, Combination in C. (Orthocrema), Variety of sordidula)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Blaimer B. B. 2012. Acrobat ants go global – Origin, evolution and systematics of the genus Crematogaster (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 65: 421-436.
  • Blaimer B. B. 2012. Taxonomy and species-groups of the subgenus Crematogaster (Orthocrema) in the Malagasy region (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). ZooKeys 199: 23-70
  • Blaimer B. B., B. L. Fisher. 2013. How much variation can one ant species hold? Species delimitation in the Crematogaster kelleri-group in Madagascar. PLoS ONE 8(7): e68082. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0068082
  • Blaimer B. B., and B. L. Fisher. 2013. Taxonomy of the Crematogaster degeeri-species-assemblage in the Malagasy region (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). European Journal of Taxonomy 51: 1-64.
  • Fisher B. L. 1997. Biogeography and ecology of the ant fauna of Madagascar (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 31: 269-302.
  • Fisher B. L. 2003. Formicidae, ants. Pp. 811-819 in: Goodman, S. M.; Benstead, J. P. (eds.) 2003. The natural history of Madagascar. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, xxi + 1709 pp.
  • Soulié J., and L. D. Dicko. 1965. La répartition des genres de fourmis de la tribu des "Cremastogastrini" dans la faune éthiopienne et malgache. Hymenoptera - Formicoidea - Myrmicidae. Ann. Univ. Abidjan Sér. Sci. 1: 85-106.
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. IX. A synonymic list of the ants of the Malagasy region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 1005-1055