Crematogaster cubaensis

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Crematogaster cubaensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. cubaensis
Binomial name
Crematogaster cubaensis
Mann, 1920

Crematogaster cubaensis jtlc000003132 p 1 high.jpg

Crematogaster cubaensis jtlc000003132 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


The type material was found "beneath a stone in the woods."


Longino (2003) - The small yellow Crematogaster on Cuba share the general habitus of Crematogaster minutissima from Florida. They differ in that the dorsal pilosity is more like Crematogaster flavomicrops, relatively short, scruffy-looking, and not in three differentiable rows (although humeral setae are longer than the rest). The pronotum is completely smooth and shining.


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 23.133° to 20.322222°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Cuba (type locality), Greater Antilles.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.


Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.






The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • cubaensis. Crematogaster victima subsp. cubaensis Mann, 1920: 425 (w.q.) CUBA.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated, “a small series”), 1 syntype queen.
    • Type-locality: Cuba: Guantanamo, 1917-18 (W.M. Mann).
    • Type-depositories: AMNH, USNM.
    • Subspecies of steinheili: Menozzi, 1929a: 2.
    • Subspecies of laeviuscula: Enzmann, J. 1946c: 93.
    • Subspecies of victima: Kempf, 1972a: 90; Alayo, 1974: 13 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 151.
    • Status as species: Longino, 2003a: 132.
    • Senior synonym of barbouri: Longino, 2003a: 132.
    • Distribution: Cuba.
  • barbouri. Crematogaster barbouri Weber, 1934a: 24, fig. 1 (w.q.m.) CUBA.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated, “many”), 6 syntype queens, 1 syntype (?) male.
    • [Note: the male was not collected with the workers and queens but on a different day (30.viii.1933), from “sweepings nearby”. It is perhaps best not to regard it as type-material.]
    • Type-locality: Cuba: Cienguegos, Soledad, Limones Seboruco, 22.iii.1933 (N.A. Weber).
    • Type-depositories: LACM, MCZC, USNM.
    • Combination in C. (Orthocrema): Kempf, 1972a: 84.
    • Status as species: Kempf, 1972a: 84; Alayo, 1974: 13 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 148.
    • Junior synonym of cubaensis: Longino, 2003a: 132.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


Type Material

Longino (2003) - Syntype workers, queen: Cuba, Guantanamo, beneath a stone in the woods (Mann) National Museum of Natural History (examined).


  • Enzmann, J. 1946c. Crematogaster lineolata cerasi, the cherry ant of Asa Fitsch; (with a survey of the American forms of Crematogaster, subgenus Acrocoelia). J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 54: 89-97 (page 93, Subspecies of laeviuscula)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da regia~o Neotropical. Stud. Entomol. 15: 3-344 (page 90, Subspecies of victima)
  • Longino, J.T. 2003a. The Crematogaster of Costa Rica. Zootaxa 151: 1-150. (page 24, Raised to species: new status)
  • Mann, W. M. 1920b. Additions to the ant fauna of the West Indies and Central America. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 42: 403-439 (page 425, worker, queen described)
  • Menozzi, C. 1929b. Formiche di Cuba e delle Isole Canarie raccolte dal Prof. Filippo Silvestri. Boll. Lab. Zool. Gen. Agrar. R. Sc. Super. Agric. 23: 1-5 (page 2, Subspecies of steinheili)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Alayo D. P. 1974. Introduccion al estudio de los Himenopteros de Cuba. Superfamilia Formicoidea. Academia de Ciencias de Cuba. Instituto de Zoologia. Serie Biologica no.53: 58 pp. La Habana.
  • Fontanla Rizo J.L. 1997. Lista preliminar de las hormigas de Cuba. Cocuyo 6: 18-21.
  • Fontenla J. L., and J. Alfonso-Simonetti. 2018. Classification of Cuban ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) into functional groups. Poeyana Revista Cubana de Zoologia 506: 21-30.
  • Fontenla Rizo J. L. 1997. Lista preliminar de las hormigas de Cuba (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Cocuyo 6: 18-21.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Longino, J.T. 2003. The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica. Zootaxa 151:1-150
  • Mann W. M. 1920. Additions to the ant fauna of the West Indies and Central America. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 42: 403-439.
  • Menozzi C. 1929. Formiche di Cuba e delle Isole Canarie raccolte dal Prof. Filippo Silvestri. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura, Portici. 23: 1-5.
  • Rojas M. L. 2012. Fauna de insectos en cayos del golfo de Ana María, Cuba. Rev. Invest. Mar. 32(2): 66-72.
  • Ulyssea M. A., L. P. Prado, C. R. F. Brandao. 2015. Type specimens of the traditional Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) ant tribes deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil: Adelomyrmecini, Basicerotini, Blepharidattini, Crematogastrini, Formicoxenini, Lenomyrmecini, Myrmicini, Phalacromyrmecini, Pheidolini, Stegomyrmecini, Stenammini and Tetramoriini. Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo 55(12): 175-204.
  • Weber N. A. 1934. Notes on neotropical ants, including the descriptions of new forms. Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 4: 22-59.