Crematogaster cubaensis

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Crematogaster cubaensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. cubaensis
Binomial name
Crematogaster cubaensis
Mann, 1920

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Specimen Labels

Synonyms

The type material was found "beneath a stone in the woods."

Identification

Longino (2003) - The small yellow Crematogaster on Cuba share the general habitus of Crematogaster minutissima from Florida. They differ in that the dorsal pilosity is more like Crematogaster flavomicrops, relatively short, scruffy-looking, and not in three differentiable rows (although humeral setae are longer than the rest). The pronotum is completely smooth and shining.

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 23.133° to 20.322222°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Cuba (type locality), Greater Antilles.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • cubaensis. Crematogaster victima subsp. cubaensis Mann, 1920: 425 (w.q.) CUBA.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated, “a small series”), 1 syntype queen.
    • Type-locality: Cuba: Guantanamo, 1917-18 (W.M. Mann).
    • Type-depositories: AMNH, USNM.
    • Subspecies of steinheili: Menozzi, 1929a: 2.
    • Subspecies of laeviuscula: Enzmann, J. 1946c: 93.
    • Subspecies of victima: Kempf, 1972a: 90; Alayo, 1974: 13 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 151.
    • Status as species: Longino, 2003a: 132.
    • Senior synonym of barbouri: Longino, 2003a: 132.
    • Distribution: Cuba.
  • barbouri. Crematogaster barbouri Weber, 1934a: 24, fig. 1 (w.q.m.) CUBA.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated, “many”), 6 syntype queens, 1 syntype (?) male.
    • [Note: the male was not collected with the workers and queens but on a different day (30.viii.1933), from “sweepings nearby”. It is perhaps best not to regard it as type-material.]
    • Type-locality: Cuba: Cienguegos, Soledad, Limones Seboruco, 22.iii.1933 (N.A. Weber).
    • Type-depositories: LACM, MCZC, USNM.
    • Combination in C. (Orthocrema): Kempf, 1972a: 84.
    • Status as species: Kempf, 1972a: 84; Alayo, 1974: 13 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 148.
    • Junior synonym of cubaensis: Longino, 2003a: 132.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Type Material

Longino (2003) - Syntype workers, queen: Cuba, Guantanamo, beneath a stone in the woods (Mann) National Museum of Natural History (examined).

References

  • Enzmann, J. 1946c. Crematogaster lineolata cerasi, the cherry ant of Asa Fitsch; (with a survey of the American forms of Crematogaster, subgenus Acrocoelia). J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 54: 89-97 (page 93, Subspecies of laeviuscula)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da regia~o Neotropical. Stud. Entomol. 15: 3-344 (page 90, Subspecies of victima)
  • Longino, J.T. 2003a. The Crematogaster of Costa Rica. Zootaxa 151: 1-150. (page 24, Raised to species: new status)
  • Mann, W. M. 1920b. Additions to the ant fauna of the West Indies and Central America. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 42: 403-439 (page 425, worker, queen described)
  • Menozzi, C. 1929b. Formiche di Cuba e delle Isole Canarie raccolte dal Prof. Filippo Silvestri. Boll. Lab. Zool. Gen. Agrar. R. Sc. Super. Agric. 23: 1-5 (page 2, Subspecies of steinheili)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Alayo D. P. 1974. Introduccion al estudio de los Himenopteros de Cuba. Superfamilia Formicoidea. Academia de Ciencias de Cuba. Instituto de Zoologia. Serie Biologica no.53: 58 pp. La Habana.
  • Fontanla Rizo J.L. 1997. Lista preliminar de las hormigas de Cuba. Cocuyo 6: 18-21.
  • Fontenla J. L., and J. Alfonso-Simonetti. 2018. Classification of Cuban ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) into functional groups. Poeyana Revista Cubana de Zoologia 506: 21-30.
  • Fontenla Rizo J. L. 1997. Lista preliminar de las hormigas de Cuba (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Cocuyo 6: 18-21.
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Longino, J.T. 2003. The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica. Zootaxa 151:1-150
  • Mann W. M. 1920. Additions to the ant fauna of the West Indies and Central America. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 42: 403-439.
  • Menozzi C. 1929. Formiche di Cuba e delle Isole Canarie raccolte dal Prof. Filippo Silvestri. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Reale Scuola Superiore d'Agricoltura, Portici. 23: 1-5.
  • Rojas M. L. 2012. Fauna de insectos en cayos del golfo de Ana María, Cuba. Rev. Invest. Mar. 32(2): 66-72.
  • Ulyssea M. A., L. P. Prado, C. R. F. Brandao. 2015. Type specimens of the traditional Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) ant tribes deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil: Adelomyrmecini, Basicerotini, Blepharidattini, Crematogastrini, Formicoxenini, Lenomyrmecini, Myrmicini, Phalacromyrmecini, Pheidolini, Stegomyrmecini, Stenammini and Tetramoriini. Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo 55(12): 175-204.
  • Weber N. A. 1934. Notes on neotropical ants, including the descriptions of new forms. Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 4: 22-59.